Search for European Projects

33 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
Breast tumours are heterogeneous, and result from the complex interplay of multiple lifestyle/environmental and genetic risk factors. Through the EU-funded COGS project, we have identified a large number of germline variants that influence the risk of breast cancer. In combination, these variants can identify women at wide ranges of genetic risk, even in the absence of family history of breast can ...
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 13

 ONGOING 
"By far, most evolutionary research has focused on the changes that occur in the germline of individuals across generations, within and between species. For different reasons, much less attention has been given to the process of change within the somatic line of a multicellular individual. The formation of cancer tumors due to uncontrolled cell proliferation is one of the most prominent forms of s ...
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 4

 ONGOING 
The life sciences are undergoing a transformation. Modern experimental tools study the molecules, reactions, and organisation of life in unprecedented detail. The precipitous drop in costs for high-throughput biology has enabled European research laboratories to produce an ever-increasing amount of data. Life scientists are rapidly generating the most complex and heterogeneous datasets that scienc ...
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 47

 FINISHED 
The classical view of genomes as linear sequences has been replaced by a vision of nuclear organization that is both dynamic and complex, with chromosomes and genes non-randomly positioned in the nucleus. Process compartmentalization and spatial location of genes modulate the transcriptional output of the genomes. However, how the interplay between genome structure and gene regulation is establish ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
Despite examples of excellent practice, rare disease (RD) research is still mainly fragmented by data and disease types. Individual efforts have little interoperability and almost no systematic connection between detailed clinical and genetic information, biomaterial availability or research/trial datasets. By developing robust mechanisms and standards for linking and exploiting these data, RD-Con ...
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 30

 FINISHED 

Multi-Scale Complex Genomics (MuG)

Start date: Nov 1, 2015, End date: Oct 31, 2018,

Genomics is probably the fastest evolving field in current science. A decade ago our main concern was to obtain the sequence (the 1D code) of the genome; but today the big challenges are to determine how genotype information is transferred into phenotype, and how pathological phenotypic changes can be predicted from genome alterations. While investigating these points, we have realized that a part ...
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 7

 FINISHED 
"Most adult stem cells are compartmentalized in functionally deterministic niches where they self-renew and maintain homeostasis. From there, stem cells are instructed by combinations of signals and spatial tensile forces which they translate into a specific behavior. However how stem cells spatiotemporally coordinate their stem cell potential with niche- and systemic cues is poorly understood. Th ...
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 3

 FINISHED 

BBMRI - Large Prospective Cohorts (BBMRI-LPC)

Start date: Feb 1, 2013, End date: Jan 31, 2017,

In recent years, biomedical research has crossed international borders in large, collaborative studies showing the value of multidisciplinarity and scale advantage. This has yielded valuable insights and some led to new and better medicines and treatments for diseases. However, disease-focused studies provide less insight in the real disease onset, the relative disease burden in the population, an ...
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 36

 FINISHED 

A BLUEPRINT of Haematopoietic Epigenomes (BLUEPRINT)

Start date: Oct 1, 2011, End date: Sep 30, 2016,

In response to the call for a high impact initiative on the human epigenome, the BLUEPRINT Consortium has been formed with the aim of generating at least 100 reference epigenomes and studying them to advance and exploit knowledge of the underlying biological processes and mechanisms in health and disease. BLUEPRINT will focus on distinct types of haematopoietic cells from healthy individuals and o ...
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 45

 FINISHED 
Differentiation from zygotes in all cells of the body has been considered a unidirectional route. Recently, however, it has become clear that the inverse path is possible, as the reprogramming of somatic nuclei, i.e. the de-differentiation of somatic cells in pluripotent stem-like cells. To date, reprogramming has been induced in vitro by transferring somatic nuclei into enucleated oocytes, by fus ...
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 3

 FINISHED 

European Sequencing and Genotyping Infrastructure (ESGI)

Start date: Feb 1, 2011, End date: Jul 31, 2015,

The objective of this project is the integration of world class high-throughput sequencing and genotyping facilities that will provide sequencing and genotyping technologies and data analysis methodologies to the scientific community.The European Sequencing and Genotyping Infrastructure (ESGI) will enable external users to generate data rapidly and to acquire knowledge efficiently. By providing ac ...
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 11

 FINISHED 

Infrastructure for Systems Biology - Europe (ISBE)

Start date: Aug 1, 2012, End date: Jul 31, 2015,

The Infrastructure for Systems Biology in Europe (ISBE) programme comprises an infrastructure that is designed to meet the needs of European systems biology, in terms of development, applications and training. In order to address this requirement, we are proposing a distributed, interconnected infrastructure which primarily comprises three types of centres: Data Integration Centres (DICs), and sys ...
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 24

 FINISHED 

CRG International Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Programme (InterPod)

Start date: Mar 1, 2010, End date: Apr 30, 2015,

The current proposal aims at creating, at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), an International Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Programme (InterPod) to train young scientists, in accordance with the objectives of the Marie Curie COFUND action. The goal of this new incoming mobility Programme is to provide highly talented postdocs with the opportunity to increase their trans-national mobility an ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

European Consortium for Communicating Stem Cell Research (EuroStemCell)

Start date: Mar 1, 2010, End date: Feb 28, 2015,

The European Consortium for Communicating Stem Cell Research, EUROSTEMCELL, brings together the major current FP6 and FP7 stem cell projects, the European Clinical Research Infrastructure Network, and four internationally recognized European stem cell centres to develop a comprehensive, coordinated platform for collation, dissemination and archiving of information on stem cell biology and regenera ...
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 11

 FINISHED 
The idea of harnessing living organisms for treating human diseases is not new but, so far, the majority of the living vectors used in human therapy are viruses which have the disadvantage of the limited number of genes and networks that can contain. Bacteria allow the cloning of complex networks and the possibility of making a large plethora of compounds, naturally or through careful redesign. On ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Communication of European Health Research (COMMHERE)

Start date: Oct 1, 2011, End date: Sep 30, 2014,

The overall aim of CommHERE is to improve communication on the outcome of EU funded health research projects to the media, the general public and other target groups including the EC in all of Europe.The CommHERE consortium comprises 10 partners, all research institutions active in the health research area. All partners are responsible for the coordination of EU-funded health research projects. Th ...
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 12

 FINISHED 

Systems biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (SYSTEMTB)

Start date: Apr 1, 2010, End date: Sep 30, 2014,

Tuberculosis (TB) is a re-emerging global health threat caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). One third of the world's population is infected with Mtb and new infections occur at a rate of one per second. Despite global research efforts, mechanisms underlying pathogenesis, virulence and persistence of Mtb infection remain poorly understood. Simple reductionist approaches are insufficient to ...
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 14

 FINISHED 

Engineering zinc fingers to target cancer hub genes (ZINC-HUBS)

Start date: Oct 1, 2008, End date: Sep 30, 2014,

"For the last ten years, protein engineering technologies have been developed to make zinc finger peptides to recognise a wide variety of user-defined DNA sequences. This has enabled the construction of synthetic transcription factors that can upregulate or repress target genes at will. More recently, synthetic zinc fingers have been linked to nucleases to direct double stranded breaks at desired ...
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 4

 FINISHED 
Euro-BioImaging brings together imaging technologies stretching from basic biological imaging with advanced light microscopy, in vivo molecular imaging of single cells to animal models up to the clinical and epidemiological level of medical imaging of humans and populations. Euro-BioImaging, in close consultation with its stakeholders, will address the imaging requirements of both biological and m ...
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 44

 FINISHED 

Genetic interaction networks: From C. elegans to human disease (2-HIT)

Start date: Sep 1, 2008, End date: Apr 30, 2014,

"Most hereditary diseases in humans are genetically complex, resulting from combinations of mutations in multiple genes. However synthetic interactions between genes are very difficult to identify in population studies because of a lack of statistical power and we fundamentally do not understand how mutations interact to produce phenotypes. C. elegans is a unique animal in which genetic interactio ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
"Vertebrate sensory perception and integration depend on the formation of ordered connections between sensory neurons and their target cells that occur along several steps: a- establishment of cellular identity, b- neuronal axon growth, arborization and dendritogenesis, c- somatodendritic contact and synaptic refinement. Although there is a wealth of information about the molecular mechanisms cont ...
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 3

 FINISHED 
"High-throughput next-generation DNA sequencing technologies allow investigators to sequence entire human genomes at an affordable price and within a short time frame. The correct interpretation, storage, and dissemination of the large amount of produced genomics data generate major challenges. Tackling these challenges requires extensive exchange of data, information and knowledge between medical ...
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 17

 FINISHED 
QUANTOMICS will deliver a step-change in the availability of cutting edge technologies and tools for the economic exploitation of livestock genomes. We will provide the tools to identify rapidly the causative DNA variation underpinning sustainability in livestock and for industry to exploit high-density genomic information. Our adaptable quantitative and genomic tools each based on cutting-edge te ...
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 18

 FINISHED 
Currently, around 30 million people in the enlarged Europe suffer from diabetes, with a prevalence of 7.5% in member states. In recent years the emergence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is a new and serious health challenge to the youth of Europe, their families and society. By 2025, the number of people with diabetes is expected to rise to around 50 million in Europe, thus increas ...
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 11

 FINISHED 
The overall objective of UNICELLSYS is a quantitative understanding of fundamental characteristics of eukaryotic unicellular organism biology: how cell growth and proliferation are controlled and coordinated by extracellular and intrinsic stimuli. Achieving an understanding of the principles with which bio-molecular systems function requires integrating quantitative experimentation with simulation ...
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 20

 FINISHED 

PROteomics SPECification in Time and Space (PROSPECTS)

Start date: Apr 1, 2008, End date: Mar 31, 2013,

"Proteomics is a major new field in biomedical research, which deals with the large-scale identification and characterization of large groups of proteins, or “proteomes”. These can either be the components of a subcellular organelle or compartment, or even the entire protein complement of whole cells and tissues. Proteomics is essential in the functional annotation of the genome and in future atte ...
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 11

 FINISHED 

MicroRNAs and Cancer: From Bench to Bedside (ONCOMIRS)

Start date: Feb 1, 2008, End date: Jan 31, 2013,

"Although studies addressing their role in cancer pathogenesis are at an early stage, it is apparent that specific microRNAs (miRs) and molecules involved in their biogenesis contribute to tumorigenesis. The ONCOMIRS consortium proposes a natural succession of four experimental strategies. Fist, we will DISCOVER and unveil novel miRs and components of their biogenesis machinery and investigate lin ...
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 8

 FINISHED 
To survive and prosper, any motile organism must extract relevant cues from its external environment and convert them into coherent internal representations. Responses elicited by the flow of internal representations form the basis of adaptive behaviours. The overall goal of this project is to elucidate how olfactory signalling and behavioural decisions emerge from the integration of molecular and ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
"Visceral leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoan parasites Leishmania donovani and Leishmania infantum and is a potentially fatal disease in endemic areas around the world. During the infectious cycle, Leishmania alternate between the insect promastigote stage and the vertebrate aflagellate amastigote stage that proliferates inside infected host macrophages provoking the pathology of the disease ...
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 13

 FINISHED 
Most adult tissues contain a reservoir of adult stem cells that maintain homeostasis. Loss of stem cell function can lead to severe tissue dysfunction, accelerated aging, and cancer. We study epidermal stem cells (epSCs) as a model of adult stem cell function. In steady state conditions, epSCs express high levels of ¨molecular breaks¨ that make them refractory to activating stimuli, remaining quie ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
"Since the sequencing of the human genome has been completed the demand for genetic analysis in the human health care system is drastically increasing, and the extension of molecular genetic diagnostics is urgently needed. However, the majority of genetic diseases is molecularly and clinically highly heterogeneous, and until recently the available techniques lacked the required capacity to analyze ...
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 12

 FINISHED 
The establishment of sensory-organ innervation is crucial for behaviour, social interactions and survival. Neuronal arborisation is dictated by signals that guide neurites to their appropriate targets in combination with the spatial distribution of the target cells. To date, most emphasis has been placed on the genetic bases of neuronal-type specification and organ formation during embryonic devel ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

The evolution of genetic robustness (2B-Robust)

Start date: Mar 1, 2008, End date: Feb 28, 2010,

Most genes are not required for viability. This robustness to mutation is a fundamental property of complex biological systems but the mechanism(s) underlying it and how it evolves is unclear. It has been proposed that robustness can result from genetic redundancy through gene duplication and the distributed nature of biological networks. The robustness of both yeast and C. elegans has been dissec ...
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 2