WATER RESOURCES VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE AND ANTHR.. (WARECALC)
WATER RESOURCES VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE AND ANTHROPOGENIC LANDSCAPE CHANGES
Start date: Apr 15, 2009,
End date: Apr 14, 2013
"Climate projections and trend analysis of historical data suggest that precipitation and temperature changes can dramatically alter the supply of and the demand for water in the human- and eco-systems. Moreover, anthropogenic landscape changes are occurring at unprecedented scales and rates given the societal needs for various (and often competing) ecosystem goods and services (food, energy, and water). How stable or resilient are the human- and eco- systems to climatic and anthropogenic perturbations remain a major societal concern. Of these concerns, hydrologic cycle changes, water resources availability and related management rank among the highest because of their importance in regulating human and ecological sustainability and climate feedbacks. A number of recent studies suggest that continental runoff increased throughout the 20th century despite a rapid increase in water consumption by humans and their activities. Scope of the project: The goal of this research program is on the overall impact of such changes on rainfall (the source of water) and concomitant replenishment of usable water supplies (e.g. ground- and stream- water) given their high priority to any future water resource planning. Even within this restricted scope, the barriers to scientific progress are numerous necessitating an inter-disciplinary approach that combines principles from eco-hydrology, hydraulics and fluid mechanics, soil physics, plant physiology, stochastic processes, dynamical systems theory, and water resources management. This project aims to build a network of researchers with complementary talents to begin progress on these fronts. Moreover, this network of researchers will be actively engaged in preparing the next generation of international scientists (via graduate student exchanges) who will be trained to approach such ‘interdisciplinary’ societal problems and progress on them by adopting ‘trans-disciplinary’ approaches now emerging from complex systems science, dynami"
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