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The surfaces of cement and reinforced concrete. A history of the formworks and processing of the surface, 1870-2008 (FMWK 1870-2008)
Start date: 01 Mar 2009, End date: 28 Feb 2015 PROJECT  FINISHED 

Since the nineteenth century, the reinforced concrete has been generating a vast specialized litterature everywhere in the world. However, none of it has ever tried to make a first assessment of the evolution of one of the most fundamental element in the processing of the reinforced concrete: the formwork; nor have been reconstructed the various ways of processing the surfaces after removal of the formwork in order to get special effects of polished or rustic surface. Therefore, on the subject of manufacturing of the formworks and processing of the surface, there is a true gap in the studies on reinforced concrete that the research The surfaces of cement and reinforced concrete. A history of the formworks and processing of the surface, 1870-2008 intends to fill. Whether historical or operationnal, this gap lacks not only of the context of the evolution from the nineteenth century, but also of a comprehensive outline of the recent production. The purpose of the research is to provide the most comprehensive documentation and the most significant examples of the international architectural production on the subject of formworks and concrete surfaces within the time span considered. Drawing up the outline of the various types of building and processing of the surfaces will be extraordinarily useful for the historiography of architecture, which will hence have a scientific instrument to evaluate the works in terms of connections between form and material in relation to concrete, as well as for the modern formworks in which the technicial and artistical issues of reinforced concrete processing at sight still remain fundamental. The results of the research will be collected in a book with the caracteristics of an essay, consisting of an important written part and an extremely rich iconographic documentation (project drawings, photographs of building sites and tools, etc.); it will be structured as a synthesis between the technical manual and the historical critical essay.
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