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Short Course Programmes for Automated Systems in Shipping

The International standards for maritime education and training (MET) currently in place were introduced in 1995 (IMO STCW-95). Since 1995, there has been rapid revolution in design of ships and the equipment used in the navigation and propulsion systems on board these ships and yet there has been no serious attempt to revise the STCW and/or the International model courses such as IMO 7.03, 7.04, 7.01 and 7.02. One very important development has been the introduction of automation in operating a ship. The modern ships particularly container and fuel carrying vessels are becoming increasingly automated. The automation has brought with it two problems, one concerning the inadequacy of existing seafarers’ education and training viz., that if any aspects of automation fails the crew often are not trained to use alternative systems and hence respond to it effectively (IMO MSC 82, 2006; Ziarati, 2007). The second problem has arisen from the review of the arguments from recent IMO Maritime Safety Committee (reports MSC 82/15/2 and MSC 82/15/3, 2006) namely that the human operators rarely understand all the characteristics of automatic systems and these systems’ weaknesses and limitations which have now been found to be the main causes of accidents. The delivery and assessment of the project will be based on the results from two recent EU Leonardo funded investigations regarding the development of an online learning (developed and tested in Leonardo Pilot EGMDSS, 2006) and e-assessment (developed and tested in Leonardo MarTEL, 2009). The intended internet platforms have facilities for self-learning and assessment. For more information about SURPASS refer to

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