Archive of European Projects

River hydraulics, morphology, and vegetation: A case for improved knowledge and numerical model capabilities (River-HMV)
Start date: 01 Oct 2015, End date: 30 Sep 2017 PROJECT  FINISHED 

The interdisciplinary knowledge and ability for river managers to effectively predict flood risks, restore rivers, and assess future alterations are currently restricted to the limited understanding of how river hydraulics, morphology, and vegetation alter a river’s planform, effect sediment mobility, and control the surrounding habitats. To improve this knowledge and capabilities, this research seeks to i) use physical model flume experiments to quantify the hydraulic, morphologic, and vegetation interactions of a braided channel as well as investigate the use of manipulated channel avulsion as an innovative method to increase a river’s floodplain conveyance, ii) to quantify the accuracy of a cutting-edge numerical model’s simulations, and iii) to improve the numerical model’s functionality. Through increased knowledge, improved model capabilities, and potentially identifying a new technique to increase a degraded river’s floodplain dynamics, this research can improve the efficacy of river managers around the world. In particular, Europe could utilize the contributions of this research to help meet the ecological-morphological aspects of the Water Framework Directives and Flood Directives and to restore many of the heavily altered rivers of the European Alps.
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