Archive of European Projects

Regulating recombination in mitotic and meiotic cells (RECMITMEI)
Start date: 01 May 2011, End date: 30 Apr 2016 PROJECT  FINISHED 

DNA is a highly reactive molecule that is subject to deliberate, spontaneous and environmental damage. One of the most catastrophic lesions in DNA is the double-strand break (DSB), which if left unrepaired can result in cell death, infertility, genome instability and cancer. Homologous recombination (HR) is a largely error-free mechanism of DSB repair that utilizes an intact sister or homologous chromosome as a repair template. Despite considerable progress in understanding the mechanisms of HR, very little is known about how this process is regulated. My lab has made a number of seminal discoveries that have improved our understanding of how HR is regulated in mitotic and meiotic cells. In this ERC proposal, we plan to elucidate the mechanisms that control HR events in mitotic cells and regulate HR pathway choice during meiotic recombination. We will place particular emphasis on defining the roles of RTEL1 and HELQ1 in regulating HR in mitotic and meiotic cells and will determine how dysfunction of these genes contributes to tumorigenesis. Biochemistry and proteomic approaches will be employed to determine how the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway counteracts error-prone repair by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), thus favouring HR repair in S-phase. The use of NHEJ inhibitors as a potential treatment of FA will be tested in existing mouse models of FA. Finally, genetic screens and proteomic analysis of HR regulators will be performed in C. elegans to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate the choice between crossover and non-crossover pathways during meiotic HR. Thus, in the work proposed here, my lab will make use of multiple experimental approaches to elucidate the mechanisms for control of HR and the consequences of dysregulated HR on human disease.
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