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INcreasing Security and Protection through Infrastructure REsilience-International cooperation aspects (INSPIRE-International)
Start date: Oct 1, 2009, End date: Dec 31, 2010 PROJECT  FINISHED 

Critical Infrastructures (CI) are increasingly interconnected and consequently opposed to multiple new threats such as cyber and terroristic attacks. Therefore, Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) is getting more and more important. Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are widely deployed in CIs and should be therefore well protected. The INSPIRE project aims at systematically understanding SCADA threats and accordingly developing mitigation and prevention techniques. Power grid is a SCADA-based wide area highly interconnected CI. The high level of interconnectivity can be easily concluded from the low number of power grids in Europe. To the best of our knowledge there is no real data from the European power grids that can be used for evaluating power grid protection techniques such as those developed in INSPIRE. Prof. Dave Bakken from the Washington State University (WSU) has years long experience in collecting real data from the north American power grid. Most recent efforts are within the GridStat project under the umbrella of the NSF TCIP center. An international liaison between INSPIRE and TCIP will provide a full access to detailed real data from a large power grid. This will allow for calibrating the INSPIRE models for real power grids. These models will allow for providing more realistic simulation and evaluation models than the common hypothetical/academic models and synthetic data.Furthermore, researchers at WSU have developed a publish/subscribe middleware to enhance the resilience of power grid. INSPIRE is developing a P2P-based middleware that aims at increasing the protection level of SCADA systems, which can be easily adopted for power grid infrastructures. A cooperation between INSPIRE and GridStat will allow to compare both approaches and derive best practices as well as directions towards an integrative/adaptive approach.
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