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Equidistribution in number theory (EQUIARITH)
Start date: 01 Dec 2008, End date: 30 Nov 2013 PROJECT  FINISHED 

"The purpose of this proposal is to investigate from various perspectives some equidistribution problems associated with homogeneous spaces of arithmetic type: a typical problem (basically solved) is the distribution of the set of representations of a large integer by an integral quadratic form. Another harder problem is the study of the distribution of special points on Shimura varieties. In a different direction (linked with quantum chaos), the study of the concentration of Laplacian (Maass) eigenforms or of sections of holomorphic bundles is related to similar problems. Given X such a space and G>L the underlying algebraic group and its corresponding lattice L, the above questions boil down to studying the distribution of H-orbits x.H (or more generally H-invariant measures)on the quotient L\G for some subgroups H. This question may be studied different methods: Harmonic Analysis (HA): given a function f on L\G one studies the period integral of f along x.H. This may be done by automorphic methods. In favorable circumstances, the above periods are related to L-functions which one may hope to treat by methods from analytic number theory (the subconvexity problem). Ergodic Theory (ET): one studies the properties of weak*-limits of the measures supported by x.H using rigidity techniques: depending on the nature of H, one might use either rigidity of unipotent actions or the more recent rigidity results for torus actions in rank >1. In fact, HA and ET are intertwined and complementary : the use of ET in this context require a substantial input from number theory and HA, while ET lead to a soft understanding of several features of HA. In addition, the Langlands correspondence principle make it possible to pass from one group G to another. Based on earlier experience, our goal is to develop these interactions systematically and to develop new approaches to outstanding arithmetic problems :eg. the subconvexity problem or the Andre/Oort conjecture."
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