Search for European Projects

Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
Human cognition reflects the necessities of living in social groups transmitting cultural knowledge. Human minds are, richly and deeply, social minds. Working together we aim to better understand social minds by testing a new integrated theory with innovative methodologies.Joint action and communication both build and exploit common ground. At a basic level common ground is tied to shared percepti ...
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 ONGOING 
"The objective of DEPRIVEDHOODS is to come to a better understanding of the relationship between socio-economic inequality, poverty and neighbourhoods. The spatial concentration of poverty within cities is of great concern to national governments, partly based on a belief in neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in deprived neighbourhoods has an additional negative effect on residents’ life ...
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"We aim to consolidate a trans-disciplinary research programme in which synthetic biology is harnessed to enable synthetic chemistry. We will utilise this approach to expeditiously access series of previously intractable natural product analogues.There is an urgent need for the discovery and development of new drugs and in particular new antibiotics. More than 13 million lives worldwide are curren ...
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DAtacommunications based on NanophotoniC Resonators (DANCER)

Start date: Dec 1, 2013, End date: May 31, 2019,

A key challenge for the 21st century is, therefore to provide billions of people with the means to access, move and manipulate, what has become, huge volumes of information. The environmental and economic implications becoming serious, making energy efficient data communications key to the operation of today’s society.In this project, the Principal Investigator will develop a new framework for opt ...
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 FINISHED 
"The fundamental importance of oxide-based systems in technology, energy materials, geochemistry and catalysis, and the presence of oxygen in many biomaterials, should have resulted in oxygen nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy emerging as a vital tool for materials characterization. NMR offers an element-specific, atomic-scale probe of the local environment, providing a potentially powe ...
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 FINISHED 

New chemical biology for tailoring novel therapeutics (NCB-TNT)

Start date: Mar 1, 2014, End date: Feb 28, 2019,

"Most of our drugs derive from natural products, many more natural products possess biological activity but our inability to synthesise novel analogues hampers our ability to use them either as tools or medicines. Cyclic peptides are common structural motifs in natural products and medicines (vancomycin, gramicidin). They are widely recognised to constitute a promising and still underexploited cla ...
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Star Formation and the Galactic Ecology (ECOGAL)

Start date: May 1, 2012, End date: Apr 30, 2018,

We will construct the first self-consistent models of star formation that follow the galactic scale flowswhere molecular clouds form yet still resolve the star formation and feedback events down to sub-parsec scales.By following the full galactic ecology, the life cycle of gas from the interstellar medium into stars and their radiative and kinematic output back intothe galaxy, we will develop a co ...
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"There is great interest in organic materials with semiconducting electronic properties. This arises from both a scientific point of view (how can a plastic be a semiconductor?) and a technological point of view as these materials can be used to make light-emitting diodes, lasers and solar cells. The performance of all these devices is strongly affected by exciton diffusion, a process that is li ...
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"Anthropogenic emissions of CO2 have increased dramatically over the past ~200 yr, and are likely to continue to increase in the coming decades [IPCC, 2007]. It is a first order goal of the scientific community to understand the implications of this perturbation on the climate system. Climate change predictions from model simulations rely on reconstructions of climate forcings and responses that ...
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 FINISHED 
"Organofluorine chemistry has played a significant role in the majority of the spectacular scientific and technological developments of thepast century although this is not widely recognised even by the scientific community. Fluoroorganic molecules are key components in anever increasing number of high-value commercially important products particularly in the life science industries. The use of fl ...
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 FINISHED 
Understanding how and why galaxies form and evolve is one of the most challenging problems in modern astrophysics. Our own galaxy, the Milky Way, shows order and structure, as do most massive galaxies in our local neighbourhood. Yet when we look to very distant galaxies they are disordered and chaotic. The leading theory for the origin of this transformation invokes gas-rich mergers, which trigger ...
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"This project aims to study:• the semantic development of the vocabulary of the Arabic language,• philological discourses on the semantic changes in the language in the classical Arabic philological tradition (8th-10th centuries A.D.), and• the impact of Arabic philology in the wider historical and cultural context of the Judaeo-Arab neo-classical heritage (12th-13th centuries A.D.) and Christian- ...
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Molecular basis of the outer membrane permeability (TRANSLOCATION)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2017,

Overcoming the barriers that the cell envelope and efflux pumps provide to Gram-negative bacteria is a major bottleneck in the discovery and development of new antibiotics. To respond to this Call we are extending our current network on antibiotic translocation and propose an ambitious project ranging from identification of novel resistance mechanisms in clinical bacterial isolates to crystallizat ...
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"The key objective of the M4CO2 project is to develop and prototype Mixed Matrix Membranes based on highly engineered Metal organic frameworks and polymers (M4) that outperform current technology for CO2 Capture (CO2) in pre- and post-combustion, meeting the energy and cost reduction targets of the European SET plan.By applying the innovative concept of M4 by a consortium of world key players, con ...
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"We propose to carry out an FP7 collaborative project to provide the first ever quantitative answer to one fundamental age-old question of mankind: ‘How common are Earth analogs in our Galaxy?’. We will achieve our goal by combining the unprecedented photometric precision of NASA’s Kepler mission, the unrivalled precision of ground-based radial-velocities from the HARPS-N spectrograph, and ESA’s G ...
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 FINISHED 
Drug development in TB requires new integrated methods to transition the novel combination regimens needed to shorten first-line therapy and combat multi-drug resistance. Although new agents are emerging, the path to registration of such regimens remains uncertain while capacity for pivotal trials is limited. Selection and optimization of drug combinations for development depends on preclinical sy ...
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"The goal of a sustainable society requires the efficient use of renewable or sustainable materials and demands the development of selective new methodologies for the preparation of desirable products. In this context we require:(i) a change from traditional stoichiometric, high energy methods that produce huge amounts of chemical waste to mild and clean catalytic processes and(ii) a major step ch ...
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Fixed Point Open Ocean Observatories Network (FIXO3)

Start date: Sep 1, 2013, End date: Aug 31, 2017,

The Fixed point Open Ocean Observatory network (FixO3) seeks to integrate European open ocean fixed point observatories and to improve access to these key installations for the broader community. These will provide multidisciplinary observations in all parts of the oceans from the air-sea interface to the deep seafloor. Coordinated by the National Oceanography Centre, UK, FixO3 will build on the s ...
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 FINISHED 

MOLECULAR BASIS OF ANTIBIOTIC TRANSLOCATION (Translocation)

Start date: Sep 1, 2013, End date: Aug 31, 2017,

Multidrug resistant bacteria are now ubiquitous in both hospitals and the larger community. Drug-resistant pathogens are becoming increasingly pervasive, for example, the resurrection of tuberculosis provides one ominous example highlighting the risk associated with evolved drug resistance. Moreover, many pharmaceutical companies abandoned this field and no truly novel active antibacterial compoun ...
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 FINISHED 
Biological structures with optical functionality have fascinated mankind for generations. In the future, their application for bioinspired and bioderived optical devices might enable new photonic tools. An example of such a novel biooptical component is the biolaser that was recently pioneered by the Applicant. In this type of laser coherent emission is generated by a single biological cell that i ...
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 FINISHED 
The remarkable way that Nature prepares complex natural products has always been a source of inspiration to scientists, stimulating the development of new synthetic methods and strategies, as elegantly demonstrated by biomimetic approaches to total synthesis. Similarly, the performance and specificity of enzymes, perfected though evolution, offer ideals of selectivity and specificity that syntheti ...
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This project will provide a world class PhD training programme based on a network of dissertation topics and more experienced researcher interactions all focused on post-Soviet affairs, and in particular post-Soviet tensions. Tensions here is understood as both tangible tensions (conflicts, war, riots) and less tangible (or latent) ones (such as social tensions that have not as yet been manifest i ...
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 FINISHED 
The Sasanian Empire (3rd-7th c. AD) stretched from Mesopotamia to the west of the Indian Subcontinent. A pilot study has shown that major frontier walls and geometrical fortifications, whose scale and sophistication surpasses those in contemporary Europe, date to the Sasanian era, as do grand urban foundations and canal systems. Yet, excavations and surveys of Sasanian monuments have been far and ...
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 FINISHED 
The aim of CASyM is a combined large scale effort to sustainably implement Systems Medicine across Europe. For that purpose CASyM will function as a managing and coordinating platform in bringing together a critical mass of relevant European stakeholders such as Systems Biology scientists, clinicians, programme managers, industry/SMEs as well as healthcare providers and patient organizations. The ...
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The use of nanoscience technologies to either perform therapy or diagnosis at the cellular level is expected to revolutionize 21st Century medicine by opening new approaches to cure various illnesses. However, cellular bioengineering is technologically challenging and becomes feasible only when different scientific disciplines are combined together to provide advanced cellular level surgery tools. ...
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This project will investigate the hypothesis that dust clouds are a major source of charge separation and discharge processes in very low mass, extrasolar objects like M-dwarfs, Brown-Dwarfs, and planets. The aim is to model charging, dust formation and sedimentation in dusty media to understand how the atmospheric ionisation mechanisms change at the border from stars to planets in the M-dwarf--Br ...
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 FINISHED 

Concealed Objects Stand-Off Real-Time Imaging for Security (CONSORTIS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2014, End date: Feb 28, 2017,

"The project will develop a demonstrator for stand-off real-time concealed object detection for future implementations of high throughput security screening for European mass-transit markets and infrastructure security. The technological approach will incorporate a multi-frequency passive submillimetre-wave video camera, coupled with an active 340 GHz 3D imaging radar system. Both systems will be ...
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 FINISHED 
The SusPhos training network will bring about a paradigm shift in the teaching of sustainable phosphorus chemistry, in the training of multidisciplinary-competent scientists, and in the public’s view on chemistry to preserve the essential element phosphorus from depletion. SusPhos represents the first systematic investigation of the eco-friendly production, smart use, recycling and commercial expl ...
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 FINISHED 

The Islamisation of Anatolia, c. 1100-1500 (ISLAMANATOLIA)

Start date: Jan 1, 2012, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

This project studies the transformation of Anatolia from a Christian to a majority Muslim society over the period c. 1100 to 1500AD. Whereas previous research has concentrated almost exclusively on conversion, this study also emphasises the importance of acculturation to Islam, and thus seeks to understand the processes through which Islamic culture took root among the recently converted Turkish a ...
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 FINISHED 
"The increasing number of bacteria resistant to all antibiotics and antimicrobials and the virtual lack of antiviral drugs make necessary to develop therapeutics based on new targets/approaches. European-wide-acting sectors must permanently improve their capabilities and capacities to cope with these challenges. Thus, the demand for experts trained to understand infectious diseases in their whole ...
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 FINISHED 
"PIMIC is a cooperative effort by a team of western medievalists, Arabists and Byzantinists -eight partners from prestigious academic institutions and two private sector companies- in order to propose a four years ITN program. For this project, we will take advantage of the wide-ranging expertise and complementarities of all ITN partners, composed of some of the most relevant research in mediaeval ...
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 11

 FINISHED 

Brazilian-European partnership in Dynamical Systems (BREUDS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

"This is a project for a partnership between leading Brazilian and European research groups in dynamical systems, a prominent subject in mathematics. An extensive consortium of European and Brazilian institutions will collaborate to provide world leading critical mass and support for research on the very forefront of the field. Work Packages reflect parallel priorities in the research. Transfer o ...
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 FINISHED 

Neural basis and cognition of nest building in birds (BIRDNEST)

Start date: Oct 1, 2014, End date: Sep 30, 2016,

"How do birds know what kind of a nest to build? Building requires physical skills such as choice and manipulation of nest material, but the role of cognition in this apparently complex behaviour is unknown: invertebrates such as wasps can build nests by following simple rules whereas nest building by primates requires learning. Bird brains are functionally similar to those of mammals, and birds h ...
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 FINISHED 

Solar and Space Weather Network of Excellence (SOLSPANET)

Start date: Sep 1, 2011, End date: Aug 31, 2016,

Space Weather (SPW) - By definition the term ‘space weather’ refers to conditions on the sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the performance and reliability of space borne and ground-based technological systems and can endanger human life or health. This definition also includes cosmic rays. Another basic component of the proposed studies is So ...
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 FINISHED 
The trypanosomatid diseases, leishmaniasis, Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) and Chagas disease (CD), continue to impart a heavy toll on human health. The treatments available are limited and threatened by drug resistance with few newdrugs in the pipeline. The KINDReD consortium integrates five leading academic laboratories in Europe (Portugal, United Kingdom, and Switzerland), the USA (Califor ...
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 FINISHED 

Complex Preferences in Matching Markets and Auctions (CPMMA)

Start date: Aug 1, 2014, End date: Jul 31, 2016,

Our proposal is in Microeconomic theory. The subfields for this proposal are Matching Markets and Auctions.Our objectives are to: a) provide a generalized framework which would subsume matching and auction settings; b) in our generalized framework, to show how the assumptions on agents preferences in matching and auction settings relate to each other, via fundamental mathematical properties; c) to ...
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 FINISHED 
Marine organisms, in particular sponges and their associated microorganisms, are an inexhaustible source of novel bioactive (lead) compounds for biomedical application. Industrial exploitation of this natural resource using traditional approaches is, however, hampered, with a few exceptions, by unsolvable supply problems - despite of numerous efforts in the past. Therefore, there is, very likely, ...
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 FINISHED 
Silicate weathering is a long term CO2 sink and silicate weathering rates influence, and are influenced by, climate change. Understanding the environmental factors which control silicate weathering rates will enable a greater understanding of both past and future global climate. This project focuses on the effect of climate change (on glacial-interglacial timescales) on weathering rates which is c ...
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GAZE-BASED PERCEPTUAL AUGMENTATION (DEEPVIEW)

Start date: Jun 1, 2012, End date: May 31, 2016,

"The analysis and visualisation of increasing amounts of data is pervasive and indispensable in many of the crucial activities for a countless number of professions. Moreover, the amount and types of data that is available for visual inspection and analysis keeps growing.The DeepView project proposes the use of gaze-tracking technology (i.e., hardware and software that can judge where the user is ...
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 FINISHED 
Organic π-conjugated materials have been studied intensively to promote their application in opto-electronic devices, especially in the field of light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic solid state lasers (OSLs). OSL research is driven by the expectation of tuneable, cheap and flexible devices as well as new application areas, in particular in optical computing, data processing and sensing applic ...
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