Search for European Projects

32 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 

European Gram Negative Antibacterial Engine (ENABLE)

Start date: Feb 1, 2014, End date: Jan 31, 2020,

The intensive use and misuse of antibiotics has resulted in some level of antibiotic resistance in essentially all human bacterial pathogens. There is a growing concern that the loss of therapeutic options will present us with a post-antibiotic era where present and future medical advances are negated. Resistant bacteria dramatically reduce the possibilities of treating infections effectively, a ...
Read Project

 42

 FINISHED 
The current healthcare systems are built around the traditional paradigm of patients suffering from a single acute illness. They are therefore largely unprepared to face the increasing demands for health services arising from the expansion of an older population with specific medical needs related to multiple chronic disorders. As a consequence, the medical conditions of a large and growing seg ...
Read Project

 27

 FINISHED 
"Chronic pain is prevalent and it causes decreased quality of life and significant costs to the society in terms of lost working capacity. Currently available analgesics are either not effective enough or patients cannot take them due to adverse effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a major cause of drug-related morbidity and mortality. Opioids can cause tolerance and addiction when u ...
Read Project

 5

 FINISHED 
Background:Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH) is a potentially lethal disease caused by over functioning beta cells derived from the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Lethal HH and brain damage is a problem especially in infants with congenital HH. Current therapeutic approaches are associated with severe side effects/morbidity (diabetes, exocrine pancreas insufficiency etc.) considered acceptabl ...
Read Project

 17

 FINISHED 
"Through combining basic pre-clinical and clinical research, network analysis and computational modelling, RESOLVE aims at resolving the disturbed dynamics and mechanisms underlying the high triglyceride (HTG) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) phenotype and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated co-morbidities (cardiovascular disease, CV ...
Read Project

 14

 FINISHED 

European Medical Information Framework (EMIF)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2017,

In response to the need to tackle increasingly complex medical research questions, a growing amount of human health data is being collected, either in routine Electronic Healthcare Record (EHR) databases, through research-driven cohort studies, in biobanks or related efforts. However, data sources are typically fragmented and contain information gaps which prevent their full exploitation. EMIF aim ...
Read Project

 64

 FINISHED 
"Background: A significant proportion of pre-diabetics, show macro and micro vascular complications associated with hyperglycaemia. Although many trials have demonstrated the efficacy of lifestyle and pharmaceutical interventions in diabetes prevention, no trial has evaluated the extent to which mid- and long-term complications can be prevented by early interventions on hyperglycaemia.Aims: To ass ...
Read Project

 37

 FINISHED 
The main objective of this research proposal is to identify and elaborate those characteristics of ENM that determine their biological hazard potential. This potential includes the ability of ENM to induce damage at the cellular, tissue, or organism levels by interacting with cellular structures leading to impairment of key cellular functions. These adverse effects may be mediated by ENM-induced a ...
Read Project

 40

 FINISHED 
Nutrition-related diseases caused a loss of over 56 million years of healthy life of European citizens in 2000. I.Family will make a significant contribution to reduce this burden by studying the interplay and impact of the main drivers of dietary behaviour and food choice. It will take advantage of the unique opportunity to follow-up the large IDEFICS children’s cohort to not only provide added v ...
Read Project

 17

 FINISHED 
The response to drug therapy varies widely between individuals. Proteins involved in the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs play a central role in determining the concentration of a drug at the target site, and thus drug efficacy and toxicity. Transporters are membrane proteins that mediate the translocation of chemicals into and out of cells using active and passive mecha ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
Pre-eclampsia, one of the most dangerous cardiometabolic complications of pregnancy, claims the lives of 50,000 mothers and almost one million babies annually. Pre-eclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy remain the second most common cause of maternal death. The incidence of pre-eclampsia in Central Asian countries is over twice as high as in western Europe. Inter-population differ ...
Read Project

 13

 FINISHED 
Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Chronic kidney (DCC) -diseases are relentlessly increasing globally, causing enormous human suffering, premature deaths and unsustainable costs. Leading European research has indisputably pointed that the kidney filtration barrier and its epithelial cell, the podocyte, is a common denominator for the DCC-diseases. However, European excellence and expertise have remaine ...
Read Project

 19

 FINISHED 
"Type 1 diabetes is caused by an inflammatory process which damage insulin-producing beta-cells in the pancreas. It is one of the most common chronic diseases and its incidence is rapidly increasing. Due to its complications it causes a significant medical and economic burden to European society. A causal association between enterovirus and type 1 diabetes has become more and more likely. The aim ...
Read Project

 14

 FINISHED 
"This application promises to provide new treatment options for cancer and cardiovascular diseases that are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Current cardiovascular and cancer therapies are often insufficient, unsuccessful or not suitable for all patients. Inhibition of angiogenesis is already used in the clinics, but with limited success. On the other hand, stimu ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Next Generation Genetics of Cancer Predisposition (NGG)

Start date: Jun 1, 2011, End date: May 31, 2016,

"Unravelling genetic components of human tumor predisposition has contributed significantly to our understanding on molecular basis of cancer, and cancer prevention in the context of hereditary tumor susceptibility is one of the early examples of benefits from genetic disease information. Research into cancer susceptibility is of great importance, and as shown in this proposal Finland provides uni ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Metabolic consequences of mitochondrial dysfunction (MetaboMIT)

Start date: Jun 1, 2011, End date: May 31, 2016,

This proposal aims to clarify mitochondrial contribution to obesity and thinness, using carefully characterized mitochondrial disease and obese patient materials, and genetically modified disease models. Manifestations of mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) defects range from infantile multisystem disorders to adult-onset myopathies or neurodegeneration, and even aging-related wasting. Why defect ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
Traditional preclinical discovery methods, particularly for target validation, poorly predict drug efficacy, causing a high attrition rate in costly late-stage clinical trials. The PREDECT consortium will focus on complex but transferable, next generation in vitro and in vivo models for breast, prostate and lung cancers. Models will be investigated for their improved potential to validate novel th ...
Read Project

 23

 FINISHED 

Systems Biology of Colorectal Cancer (SYSCOL)

Start date: Jan 1, 2011, End date: Dec 31, 2015,

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in both males and females, and it is perhaps the best understood of all epithelial tumors in terms of its molecular origin. Yet, despite large amount of work that has concentrated on understanding of colon tumorigenesis, we still do not know the full complement of molecular lesions that are individually necessary – and together sufficient – ...
Read Project

 11

 FINISHED 
Biological processes occur in space and time, but current experimental methods for systems biology are limited in their ability to resolve this spatiotemporal complexity of life. In addition, traditional “omics” methods often suffer from limited sensitivity and need to average over populations of cells at the expense of cell to cell variation. Next-generation systems biology therefore requires met ...
Read Project

 11

 FINISHED 

Molecular by-pass therapy for mitochondrial dysfunction (MITO BY-PASS)

Start date: Apr 1, 2009, End date: Mar 31, 2015,

Many eukaryotes, but not the higher metazoans such as vertebrates or arthropods, possess intrinsic by-pass systems that provide alternative routes for electron flow from NADH to oxygen. Whereas the standard mitochondrial OXPHOS system couples electron transport to proton pumping across the inner mitochondrial membrane, creating the proton gradient which is used to drive ATP synthesis and other ene ...
Read Project

 2

 FINISHED 

Microbes in Allergy and Autoimmunity Related to the Skin (MAARS)

Start date: Apr 1, 2011, End date: Mar 31, 2015,

"Allergy and autoimmunity cause increasing burden to societies worldwide. We study the effect of microbiome on the skin, the forefront barrier to environment, on autoimmunity and allergy, using atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis (PSO) as paradigmatic examples. We have detailed information about the genetic risk factors, as well as the molecular and cellular players in AD and PSO, but we know ver ...
Read Project

 10

 FINISHED 
This project focuses on identification of epigenetic risk factors underlying the increased rates of type-2 diabetes (T2D) amongst South Asians in their home countries, migrants to Europe and other parts of the world. Known environmental and genetic factors explain only a small part of the increased risk of T2D among South Asians, who constitute the highest numbers of people with T2D worldwide.We h ...
Read Project

 13

 FINISHED 

Epigenome and Cancer Susceptibility (EPISUSCEPTIBILITY)

Start date: Apr 1, 2009, End date: Sep 30, 2014,

Early detection is crucial for the outcome of most cancers. Prevention of cancer development is even more desirable. To facilitate these ultimate goals we aim to construct a comprehensive view of the stepwise process through which common human cancers, such as colorectal cancer, arise. In particular, we aim to identify novel mechanisms of cancer susceptibility by focusing on the epigenome, whose a ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

European Research Ethics Committees’ Network (EURECNET)

Start date: Mar 1, 2011, End date: Aug 31, 2014,

EURECNET is a network that brings together national REC associations, networks or comparable initiatives but also other bodies relevant in the field of research involving human participants like National Ethics Councils and the European Commission’s ethical review system. Such a network forms the infrastructural basis to promote awareness of specific working practices of RECs across Europe, to enh ...
Read Project

 22

 FINISHED 
Metastatic breast, ovarian, gastric and esophageal cancer are currently incurable and therefore require new and innovative treatment approaches. The objective of this project is to construct oncolytic adenoviruses that code for trastuzumab (HerceptinR), a monoclonal antibody against tumor associated receptor Her2. Intravenous trastuzumab is already widely used for treatment of Her2+ breast cancer, ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
"Europe is facing major diet related health problems. Attitudes to eating habits have to be changed and the benefits of alternative treatment regimes substantiated. This can only be achieved by providing guidelines regulating health claims based on scientific data. Thus, there is a unique opportunity to use gut flora in potential treatment regimes and as a preventive target for major diet related ...
Read Project

 24

 FINISHED 
Our original ERC project shows that a biological system which corrects errors arising during DNA replication (DNA mismatch repair, MMR) plays a crucial role in cancer avoidance. We aim to conduct a proof of concept of the idea that functional assessment of MMR efficiency can be used to recognize individuals with decreased MMR capacity (i.e., Lynch syndrome). The projected outcome is a diagnostic k ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Genotype-To-Phenotype Databases: A Holistic Solution (GEN2PHEN)

Start date: Jan 1, 2008, End date: Jun 30, 2013,

"The GEN2PHEN project aims to unify human and model organism genetic variation databases towards increasingly holistic views into Genotype-To-Phenotype (G2P) data, and to link this system into other biomedical knowledge sources via genome browser functionality. The project will establish the technological building-blocks needed for the evolution of today’s diverse G2P databases into a future seaml ...
Read Project

 23

 FINISHED 
Disorders arising from degeneration of the intervertebral disc are an enormous clinical and financial burden on European societies. Most of the burden arises from 10% of patients who become chronically disabled. Any factor which will improve treatment of back pain sufferers or prevent development of chronic disability would have an important impact both on society and in improving quality of life ...
Read Project

 10

 FINISHED 
Lipids are central to the regulation and control of cellular processes by acting as basic building units for biomembranes, the platforms for the vast majority of cellular functions. Recent developments in lipid mass spectrometry have set the scene for a completely new way to understand the composition of membranes, cells and tissues in space and time by allowing the precise identification and quan ...
Read Project

 27

 FINISHED 
"The liver is associated with many types of diseases which can only be treated by Orthotopic liver transplants. However, shortage of organ donors represents a major limitation for wide-application of this therapy. Additionally, expansion of fully-functional hepatocytes in vitro remains an important challenge for the drug discovery industry. Human Embryonic Stem cells (hESCs) offer a promising new ...
Read Project

 7

 FINISHED 
Efficient translation of research discoveries into industrial application is an essential element to maintain Europe’s competitiveness in the biomedical and health industry. The main bottleneck is the lack and the fragmented nature of essential research infrastructure and know-how, leading to unacceptable delays and/or preventing the development of new innovative medicines. The aim of EATRIS is to ...
Read Project

 20