Archive of European Projects

Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 

How the Human Brain Masters Time (BiT)

Start date: 01 Oct 2016, End date: 30 Sep 2021,

If you suddenly hear your song on the radio and spontaneously decide to burst into dance in your living room, you need to precisely time your movements if you do not want to find yourself on your bookshelf. Most of what we do or perceive depends on how accurately we represent the temporal properties of the environment however we cannot see or touch time. As such, time in the millisecond range is b ...
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 1

 ONGOING 

Modeling first-order Mott transitions (FIRSTORM)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

Mott insulators are “unsuccessful metals”, where conduction is impeded by strong Coulomb repulsion. Their use in microelectronics started to be seriously considered in the 1990s, when first reports of field-effect switches appeared. These attempts were motivated by the expectation that the dielectric breakdown in Mott insulators could suddenly release all formerly localized carriers, a significant ...
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 1

 ONGOING 

The reading brain as a statistical learning machine (STATLEARN)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

Despite written language is not part of our genetic endowment, literate adults process an impressive amount of information as they read, and do that extremely flawlessly and nearly error-free. How this happens is largely unknown, and represents a fundamental issue for theories of human learning. Building on data from nonhuman primates, human infants and psycholinguistic experiments on word interna ...
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 1

 ONGOING 
The aim of AROMA-CFD is to create a team of scientists at SISSA for the development of Advanced Reduced Order Modelling techniques with a focus in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), in order to face and overcome many current limitations of the state of the art and improve the capabilities of reduced order methodologies for more demanding applications in industrial, medical and applied sciences co ...
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 1

 ONGOING 

Towards an active bypass for neural reconnection (ByAxon)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

ByAxon is devoted to the development of a new generation of sensors and electrodes based on nanotechnology materials for neural interfacing. We aim to design and build a prototype of an active implant that could work directly at the spinal cord (SC) level. This implant will be primary focused on restoring the transmission of electrical signals in the injured SC, acting as an active local bypass, s ...
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 6

 ONGOING 
E-CAM will create, develop and sustain a European infrastructure for computational science applied to simulation and modelling of materials and of biological processes of industrial and societal importance. Building on the already significant network of 15 CECAM centres across Europe and the PRACE initiative, it will create a distributed, sustainable centre for simulation and modelling at and acro ...
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 18

 ONGOING 

New Geometry of Quantum Dynamics (QUANTUM DYNAMICS)

Start date: 01 Jan 2016, End date: 31 Dec 2019,

The Project aims to make significant advances to the field of noncommutative geometry by developing new methods through substantial interaction within sub-fields of noncommutative geometry and two other areas of pure mathematics. The main focus will be to determine the topological non-triviality of new types of quantum fibrations. Also, we aim to construct quantum metric geometries of crossed prod ...
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 9

 ONGOING 
"Our visual system can effortlessly recognize hundreds of thousands of objects in spite of tremendous variation in their appearance, resulting, for instance, from changes in object position and pose. Achieving such an invariant representation of the visual world is an extremely challenging computational problem that even the most advanced artificial vision systems are not fully able to solve. This ...
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 1

 ONGOING 
The project addresses the mechanical bases of cell motility by swimming and crawling, and the possibility of replicating the principles behind them in artificial systems.The goals are to elucidate some key mechanisms governing bio-locomotion. In particular, actin- based motility of crawling cells and motility by swimming of unicellular organisms will be studied both in general and with reference t ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Research topics in theoretical physics at Ruđer Bošković Institute (RBI) are broad, from understanding the basic constituents of the Universe, to the study of new materials and complex systems. The research is performed within the Division of Theoretical Physics (DTP), mostly in collaboration with European research institutions. However, the effectiveness and impact is increasingly suffering from ...
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 5

 FINISHED 
Understanding the Physics of Inflation is one of the key questions in present-day fundamental cosmology. For this purpose, the study of the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies provide a unique probe to the early Universe. However, it is well-known that foreground signals, and in particular emission from our Galaxy, will be the major limiting factor of the possible c ...
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 7

 FINISHED 
A spinal cord injury (SCI) has consistent social costs, due to dramatic and disabling consequences and a high incidence on the youngest and most productive population, which can hardly be alleviated by the very few and controversial therapeutic treatments. In a recent case report, epidural electrostimulation combined with an intense training enabled some highly variable conscious motor control of ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Out-of-equilibrium entangled many-body systems (OEMBS)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2018,

The quest for a complete understanding of out-of-equilibrium behaviors in entangled many-body systems is a fundamental challenge in contemporary physics. In contrast with equilibrium, where several effective approaches (based on low-energy approximations) are available, there is no effective framework to describe out-of-equilibrium phenomena yet. One has then to rely only on numerical methods, suc ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Modeling the Physics of Nano-Friction (MODPHYSFRICT)

Start date: 01 May 2013, End date: 30 Apr 2018,

"In the next five years, novel nanoscale friction experiments will provide decisive data on the physics of a century-old, central, yet incompletely understood area of physics. Nano and mesoscopic phenomena without historical precedent in classic friction are emerging in tip based and other sliding and dissipation measurements. Opportunities for the control of friction, based on harnessing and modi ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Graphene-based disruptive technologies (GrapheneCore1)

Start date: 01 Apr 2016, End date: 31 Mar 2018,

This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CS ...
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 158

 FINISHED 

Materials design at the eXascale (MaX)

Start date: 01 Sep 2015, End date: 28 Feb 2018,

Materials are crucial to scientific and technological advances and industrial competitiveness, and to tackle key societal challenges - from energy and environment to health care, information and communications, manufacturing, safety and transportation.The current accuracy and predictive power of materials' simulations allow a paradigm shift for computational design and discovery, in which massive ...
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 13

 FINISHED 
"This proposal centers on the special interaction of algebraic and differential geometry which arises from the notion of stability, going back to the celebrated correspondence between polystable vector bundles and Hermite-Einstein connections.A conjecture of Yau, Tian and Donaldson seeks to extend this correspondence to projective manifolds, formulating an algebro-geometric notion of stability (K- ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Small ribonucleic acids in silico (S-RNA-S)

Start date: 01 Oct 2012, End date: 30 Sep 2017,

"Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is acquiring a larger importance in cell biology, as more functions that it accomplishes are discovered. In particular, as it has emerged in the last decade, it has a crucial role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. The comprehension of these mechanisms and, in general, of RNA properties at a molecular level is a key issue in the study of many disease ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Challenging General Relativity (CGR2011TPS)

Start date: 01 Aug 2012, End date: 31 Jul 2017,

"General relativity, Einstein's celebrated theory, has been very successful as a theory of the gravitational interaction. However, within the course of the last decades several issues have been pointed out as indicating its limitations: the inevitable existence of spacetime singularities and the fact that it is not a renormalizable theory manifest as shortcomings at very small scales. The inabili ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Construction of Perception from Touch Signals (CONCEPT)

Start date: 01 Jun 2012, End date: 31 May 2017,

Our sensory systems gather stimuli as elemental physical features yet we perceive a world made up of familiar objects, not wavelengths or vibrations. Perception occurs when the neuronal representation of physical parameters is transformed into the neuronal representation of meaningful objects. How does this recoding occur? An ideal platform for the inquiry is the rat whisker sensory system: it pro ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
In the next five years, experiments will give us a unique opportunity to unravel the mysteries of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking, Flavor and Dark Matter. The LHC at CERN will push the Energy frontier well into the TeV region and shed light on electroweak symmetry breaking. The LHCb experiment, super-B factories and other dedicated experiments, also in the lepton sector, will push forward the Inten ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
This research project deals with nonlinear evolution problems that arise in the study of the inelastic behaviour of solids, in particular in plasticity and fracture. The project will focus on selected problems, grouped into three main topics, namely:1. Plasticity with hardening and softening, 2. Quasistatic crack growth, 3. Dynamic fracture mechanics.The analysis of the models of these mec ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Migraine is a common brain disorder, typically characterised by recurring, incapacitating attacks of 1-3 days of severe headache, autonomic dysfunction, and sometimes aura symptoms. The disease affects 15% of all European citizens including children, ranks among the WHO top 12 of most disabling and undertreated disorders, and is responsible for the highest socio-economic burden of any brain ailmen ...
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 14

 FINISHED 

Grid cells: From brains to technical implementation (GRIDMAP)

Start date: 01 Mar 2013, End date: 31 Aug 2016,

Since the invention of the first computers, their speed and computing power have grown exponentially but their fundamental operating principles remain essentially unchanged. Computers are still operating on one or a few central processing units, each with limited interconnectivity. Such processors, coupled with fast access to memory, are good for performing precisely instructed operations on large ...
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 4

 FINISHED 
"It is nowadays well established that many-body quantum systems in one and two spatial dimensions exhibit unconventional collective behavior that gives rise to intriguing novel states of matter. Examples are topological states exhibiting nonabelian statistics in 2D and spin-charge separated metals and Mott insulators in 1D. An important focus of current research is to characterize both equilibrium ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
"PASCAL is a project to investigate the human ability to acquire language, and the underlying biological endowment that provides specific language learning mechanisms. Clearly, language acquisition (LA) starts at birth, rendering neonates the first population to investigate, to get the full picture of how LA unfolds. PASCAL’s first objective is thus to investigate core cognitive dispositions, whic ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Rapid prototyping scaffolds for the nervous system (NEUROSCAFFOLDS)

Start date: 01 Jul 2013, End date: 30 Jun 2016,

"Advanced tissue engineering requires scaffolds fabricated at different scales to facilitate cellular repair. Neurons respond to micro and nanopatterns over which are grown and it is possible to control - to some extent - neurite protrusion and the formation of neuronal network by using only nanopatterns. The present proposal is based on four main steps: i - Development and fabrication of Scaff ...
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 5

 FINISHED 

Neuro-Enhancement: Responsible Research and Innovation (NERRI)

Start date: 01 Mar 2013, End date: 31 May 2016,

This project aims to contribute to the introduction of Responsible Research and Innovation in neuro-enhancement (NE) in the European Research Area and to the shaping of a normative framework underpinning the governance of NE technologies. These will be achieved through mobilization and mutual learning (MML) activities engaging scientists, policy-makers, industry, civil society groups and the wider ...
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 19

 FINISHED 

The limits of general relativity (LIMITSOFGR-2011-TPS)

Start date: 01 Apr 2012, End date: 31 Mar 2016,

"General relativity, Einstein's celebrated theory, has been very successful as a theory of the gravitational interaction. However, within the course of the last decades several issues have been pointed out as indicating its limitations: the inevitable existence of spacetime singularities and the fact that it is not a renormalizable theory manifest as shortcomings at very small scales. The inabili ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Stomatin proteins and olfactory transduction (OLF-STOM)

Start date: 01 Mar 2013, End date: 29 Feb 2016,

In vertebrate the initial steps of olfaction occur in olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), located in the olfactory epithelium in the nasal cavity. OSNs are responsible for the detection of odorant molecules present in the environment and the generation of the neural signal that is transmitted to the brain. OSNs are bipolar neurons with a single dendrite that terminates with a knob, from which protru ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
This proposal aims at setting up an international network of theoretical physicists, developing the methods of quantum integrability and conformal field theory and applying them to the emerging fields of low-dimensional quantum physics. These theoretical studies present, at once, fascinating convergences between exactly solvable statistical models and field theories, such as the topological theori ...
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 5

 FINISHED 

Higher education student and staff mobility project

Start date: 01 Jun 2014, End date: 30 Sep 2015,

The aim of the project was to increase the interntionalisation of our PhD courses in order to broaden the scientific horizon of students. SISSA has already established a large number of international agreements (more than 200) but they are not mainly focused on students. As we needed appropriate tools to establish contacts with new EU partners, the ERASMUS+ initiative seemed to be the right way. T ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"The origin of ""high-temperature"" superconductivity is definitely one of the most elusive topics in modern solid-state physics. The twenty years that followed the discovery of unprecentedly high critical temperatures in copper oxides have been dominated by a dychotomy between the ""standard""; superconductors, normal metals in which electron-phonon interaction drives the superconducting pairing, ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
Brain Machine Interfaces (BMIs) are devices mediating communication between a brain and the external world, and hold the potential for a) restoring motor or sensory functions to people who lost them due to illness or injury, and b) understanding neural information processing through controlled interactions between neurons and external devices. However, the success of BMIs is hampered by the proble ...
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 5

 FINISHED 
This project lays theoretical and technological foundations for future biohybrid and brain-machine-interface devices, taking advantage of recent progress in our theoretical understanding of brain, in-vivo and in-vitro electrophysiology, and biomimetic hardware components (neuromorphic VLSI). If successful, the project will interface biomimetic hardware devices seamlessly with neural tissues and, ...
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 7

 FINISHED 
"One of the key issues in the field of system neuroscience is to understand how the mammalian visual system is able to recognize visual objects in spite of tremendous variation in their appearance (e.g., lighting and viewpoint). So far, this issue has been mainly investigated in non-human primates, while simpler model systems (such as rodents) have been largely overlooked. However, recent work of ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
This project will develop methodology for the design of light element (B, C, O) cluster/molecule-based superconducting systems with higher transition temperatures. This will be achieved by integrating chemical synthesis of new materials with physical control of electron density and delocalisation underpinned by theoretical understanding benchmarked against evidence from advanced spectroscopies and ...
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 6

 FINISHED 

Governing ultrafast the conductivity of correlated materials (GO FAST)

Start date: 01 Apr 2012, End date: 31 Mar 2015,

The aim of this research project is to develop novel schemes to study electronic, optical and structural properties of correlated materials driven out of equilibrium , in view of achieving an ultrafast optical control of their electronic properties. In particular, we will extend the most advanced techniques for correlated systems, i.e. Dynamical Mean Field Theory (DMFT) and the Gutzwiller variatio ...
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 7

 FINISHED 

Multidisciplinary Quantum Gravity Studies (MULTI-QG-2011)

Start date: 01 Sep 2011, End date: 07 Feb 2015,

"A major problem of quantum field theory in curved spacetime, and quantum gravity more generally, is the lack of sufficient observational and experimental guidance. To address this issue I am proposing a multi- disciplinary approach to quantum gravity, using its possible connection to easy-to-access physical systems whose description is well-established — in theory and experiment — within other fi ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Latin America and Europe Liaison (LAEL)

Start date: 01 Jan 2011, End date: 31 Dec 2014,

"Europe and Latin America have a very similar cultural background and share a common historical heritage. The present proposal aims at strengthening scientific collaborations and research partnerships between research institutions in Europe and in Latin America, in key emerging fields of contemporary science and in particular in • Neuroscience • Biophysics and Molecular Neurobiology • Bionanotechn ...
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 2