Search for European Projects

21 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 FINISHED 
In 2009 my research team created the first Bose-Einstein condensate of strontium. This breakthrough is the foundation of my research program, which will investigate quantum many-body phenomena with a focus on quantum magnetism and physics related to the quantum Hall effect. We are especially interested in studying unusual, strongly correlated quantum states, among them states with topological orde ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
"This proposal aims at strengthening the connections between more fundamentally oriented areas of mathematics like algebra, geometry, analysis, and topology, and the more applied oriented and more recently emerging disciplines of discrete mathematics, optimization, and algorithmics.The overall goal of the project is to obtain, with methods from fundamental mathematics, new effective tools to unrav ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Hybrid atom-ion Quantum Systems (HYQS)

Start date: Dec 1, 2013, End date: Nov 30, 2018,

This project focusses on realizing and studying a new hybrid ultra-cold atom-ion system for studying quantum many-body physics. It combines state-of-the-art technologies in quantum optics and quantum gases. The proposed system of cold (fermionic) atoms interacting with ion crystals has surprising analogies with natural solid state systems and molecules, with now by fermionic 6Li atoms i ...
Read Project

 2

 FINISHED 

Nature Inspired Transition Metal Catalysis (NAT_CAT)

Start date: Nov 1, 2013, End date: Oct 31, 2018,

"The development of new approaches in transition metal catalysis is of utmost importance since it provides the future tools required to arrive at a sustainable society. Interestingly, the field of transition metal catalysis has been dominated by the relatively simple dogma that the activity and the selectivity of the catalyst is determined by the interplay between the metal and the ligands that a ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
In social interactions, where agents act together and exchange information, inefficiency in updating information and forming beliefs can have dramatic effects; as a consequence, individuals are often assessed on the ground of their reliability and care in getting new information and forming beliefs. In such situations, we need a clear understanding of the dynamics connecting information update and ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

The Logical Structure of Correlated Information Change (LOGICIC)

Start date: Jan 1, 2012, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

The standard logical approaches to belief revision or scientific theory change assume either that the reality under investigation is static or at least that the ontic changes are un-correlated with the doxastic/epistemic change. But in numerous situations, the very act of learning new information may change the reality that is being learnt. Such situations were studied in Quantum Physics, Economic ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
"This proposal addresses currently unresolved fundamental questions concerning the activation and functionalization in homogeneous catalysis of challenging, inherently unreactive substrates like NH3, CO2 or water. Responsive ligands in combination with earth-abundant first row transition metals may hold the key to selective bifunctional activation of these small molecules. This innovative, bioinsp ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

The Moment of Truth for WIMP Dark Matter (WIMPS KAIROS)

Start date: Nov 1, 2011, End date: Oct 31, 2016,

Identifying Dark Matter is a top priority in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Among Dark Matter candidates, WIMPs (weakly interacting massive particles) play a special role, since they naturally arise from well motivated extensions of the standard model of particle physics. As I have argued in a recent \textsl{Nature} paper, with the advent of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, and of a new generat ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
... the behaviour of black holes and neutron stars, and as such these objects should be used as fundamental physics labs. Due to advances in both theoretical work and observational techniques, I have a major opportunity now to significantly push this agenda forward and get better answers to questions like: How are black holes born? How can energy be extracted from black holes? What is the origin of ma ...
Read Project

 2

 FINISHED 
Observations of the temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) have transformed cosmology into a quantitative science. This revolution has led to a detailed understanding of the geometry and composition of the universe. However, the microphysical origin of the CMB fluctuations remains a mystery. Although quantum-mechanical fluctuations during a early period of inflationary ...
Read Project

 2

 FINISHED 
Human-induced afforestation has been one of the main policies for environmental management of forest landscapes in Mediterranean areas. Over the last decades, several studies have reviewed the impact of forests on soil properties, SOC dynamics and their geomorphological and hydrological response, although few of them have intensively studied the most relevant pedological and hydromorphological con ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
"The study of black hole physics and string theory are leading to a novel perspective on gravity and space-time. The old frameworks are replaced by a new paradigm in which gravity is understood as an emergent phenomenon. A central role in this revolution is played by the holographic principle put forward by ‘t Hooft. It states that the microscopic information associated with the physical world can ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Quantum Resolution of Gravitational Singularities (QM-SING)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Mar 2, 2016,

String Theory is a promising theory of quantum gravity, unifying all known forces. However, it is notoriously hard to extract testable predictions from it. Black holes are ubiquitous in string theory (and any theory of General Relativity (GR) for that matter). Their study offers a shortcut for successfully testing the validity of string theory. This projects pursues a theoretical test of string th ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

A Dual Approach to Many-Valued Semantics (Adams)

Start date: Aug 1, 2013, End date: Jul 31, 2015,

Mathematical logic plays a crucial role in the 21st century society, indeed, in an era where information has become a key aspect of our lives, it provides a powerful mathematical framework for the study of the structure and the dynamics of information. A particularly interesting aspect of mathematical logic is that it allows to take in account uncertainty, vagueness or subjectivity, yet in the ri ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Molecular Movies of Protein Folding (MMPF)

Start date: Sep 1, 2008, End date: Aug 31, 2014,

Protein folding, the process by which a protein assumes its three-dimensional shape, is one of the basic unsolved problems of biophysical and biochemical research. Many of the structural changes taking place during protein folding, especially during the early stages, are as yet poorly understood. This is because high-resolution structural techniques generally lack the time resolution necessary for ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Complex dynamics in higher dimensions: Fatou Theory (Complex Dynamics)

Start date: Jan 1, 2010, End date: Dec 31, 2013,

Dynamical systems occur as models in all the physical sciences. One dimensional dynamical systems have been studied to great depth but their use as models is limited. Higher dimensional systems have recently received great attention but they tend to be much more complicated. We propose to study complex dynamical systems in dimensions two and higher. The main emphasis is on the set where the dynami ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 

Hybrid Models for Tailoring Nano-Architectures of polymers (NANOPOLY)

Start date: Oct 1, 2009, End date: Sep 30, 2013,

The large scale production of commodity polymers is increasingly shifting overseas. Europe still plays a major role in polymer processing and product development, but the competition with the US and Asia requires distinctive efforts to sustain this leadership. Thus, it is decisive for European researchers and companies to design innovative, specialised commodities and optimise current production s ...
Read Project

 9

 FINISHED 
Very recently, a new class of sub-luminous accreting neutron stars and black holes has been identified. I propose to use these objects to probe the extreme physical processes which are associated with such compact stars. Just as with their better known brighter cousins, studying them when they are actively accreting and when they are in their quiescent states will give us clues about the behavior ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
With this proposal the PI capitalises on his recent breakthroughs in transition metal catalysed carbene (migratory) insertion reactions to build up a new research line for controlled catalytic preparation of a variety of new functionalised (co)polymers with expected special material properties. Metallo-carbenes are well-known intermediates in olefin cyclopropanation and olefin metathesis, but the ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
"This project addresses an acute and relevant worldwide problem: The scarcity of fresh water. The current solutions to this problem are based on desalination of sea water and on wastewater treatment. In both cases, the state-of-the-art uses reverse-osmosis membrane technology, that employs polymer membranes. The problem is that these membranes are sensitive to fouling and degradation, and although ...
Read Project

 1

 FINISHED 
In this project we propose to develop new methodologies to prepare and screen large libraries of homogeneous catalysts based on supramolecular (self-assembled) ligands using droplet-based microfluidics. Presently, the discovery and design of efficient homogeneous catalysts still relies on time intensive trial-and-error methodology. To overcome these limitations, a new paradigm shift for the disco ...
Read Project

 1