Search for European Projects

23 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

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Intractable conflicts are one of the gravest challenges to both humanity and science. These conflicts are initiated and perpetuated by people; therefore changing people's hearts and minds constitutes a huge step towards resolution. Research on emotions in conflicts has led to the realization that intergroup emotions are critical to conflict dynamics. This project’s intrinsic question is whether an ...
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The asset management industry is a 60 trillion euros industry world wide, with a ratio of assets under management by asset managers to GDP around 100 percent. Despite the prominence of financial intermediaries in financial markets, our understanding of the portfolio delegation relationship, and its equilibrium asset pricing and contracting implications is at its infancy. The recent financial crisi ...
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"Much currently deployed cryptography is designed using more “art'” than “science,” and most of the schemes used in practice lack rigorous justification for their security. While theoretically sound designs do exist, they tend to be quite a bit slower to run and hence are not realistic from a practical point of view. This gap is especially evident in “low-level” cryptographic primitives, which are ...
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In this research we are interested in examining the effects of controlling shareholder diversification on firms’ operating strategies and outcomes. Our project involves the following logical building blocks:
1.Firms vary with respect to the degree of controlling shareholder diversification.
2.Firms’ controlling shareholder diversification feeds into their objective functions and in particular, the ...
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"INFOCORE focuses on the conditions that bring about different media roles in the cycle of conflict and peace building. It generates knowledge on (1) the social processes underlying the production of conflict news, and (2) the inherent dynamics of conflict news contents, (3) in a systematically comparative fashion. Based on this perspective, we identify the conditions under which media play specif ...
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Deep Packet Inspection to Next Generation Network Devices (DPI)

Start date: Nov 1, 2010, End date: Oct 31, 2016,

"Deep packet inspection (DPI) lies at the core of contemporary Network Intrusion Detection/Prevention Systems and Web Application Firewall. DPI aims to identify various malware (including spam and viruses), by inspecting both the header and the payload of each packet and comparing it to a known set of patterns. DPI are often performed on the critical path of the packet processing, thus the overall ...
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"By 2025, a quarter of Europeans will be over 65 years old. In everyday life, older adults need to communicate efficiently, yet they often find it more difficult than younger adults to attend to target speech when other people are talking, specifically when operating in their second language. This could be the outcome of age-related cognitive and/or sensory changes. To address these issues, the cu ...
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Virtual Embodiment and Robotic Re-Embodiment (VERE)

Start date: Jun 1, 2010, End date: Dec 31, 2015,

VERE aims to carry out research on the fusion of the human body with virtual or physical surrogates. By fuse we mean that human participants would operate under the illusion that the virtual body is their own, or that they are actually in the physical space of the real world in a robotic body that they perceive as their own. As well as providing a radical extension of traditional virtual reality ...
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The ultimate aim of this project is to design and implement an efficient virtual machine that can be used in practice for generic secure multiparty computation (MPC).MPC is a way to convert any distributed computation that can be performed securely with the assistance of a trusted third party into a protocol that does not require any third parties, yet gives the same output and remains just as sec ...
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Robotics is moving from industrial applications into personal and office environments, in part due to converging trends of an aging population, a shrinking workforce, and a decrease in production costs. The research field of Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) studies the models and algorithms necessary for robots to interact with non-professional humans in these new environments.However, most HRI model ...
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Heuristics and Biases in Debt Managment (NAIVE DEBT MANAGMENT)

Start date: Sep 1, 2011, End date: Aug 31, 2015,

Managing a debt portfolio requires complex decision making and is particularly challenging in the current climate of economic instability. Faced with various debts and diverse interest rates, consumers must decide the amount to allocate and the order in which to settle their debts. Issues of debt management also impact financial institutions such as banks and credit companies who need to understan ...
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The International Politics of Law-enforcement Cooperation (IPLEC)

Start date: Sep 1, 2011, End date: Aug 31, 2015,

... Israel-Jordan border areas, the study links governments' domestic political concerns to their efforts against smuggling. Study 2 examines the Israeli efforts against intellectual property piracy of American and European goods. Based on fieldwork in Israel, this study explains why Israel's enforcement of intellectual property rights is ineffective. Study 3 examines international cooperation among c ...
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... l, and self-reports this research scrutinizes four questions: 1) Can PEM be cross-culturally validated such that maternal PEM in an Israeli sample will predict attachment security as in the American sample? 2) What are the behavioural similarities and differences between paternal and maternal PEM? 3) What are the links between behavioural and psychophysiological measures of PEM? 4) How does adult ...
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Conflict and tensions between members of different groups are critical problems facing societies today. One of the most important contributions of social psychology for improving intergroup relations has been contact theory, which offers that cooperative and friendly intergroup encounters can improve attitudes between groups. The theory stimulated a vast amount of research and generated widespread ...
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In order to survive, organizations need to keep high efficiency and effectiveness by targeting the right quantity, at the right quality, at the right time, and in the right place. Lean production seeks to identify and eliminate wasted time, effort, and resources, leaving only streamlined processes that add value at every step. For example, by reducing protective buffer inventories, and improving t ...
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BEAMING is the process of instantaneously transporting people (visitors) from one physical place in the world to another (the destination) so that they can interact with the local people there. This is achieved through shifting their means for perception into the destination, and decomposing their actions, physiological and even emotional state into a stream of data that is transferred across the ...
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Subjective Knowledge and Consumer Choice (Subjective Knowledge)

Start date: May 12, 2010, End date: May 11, 2014,

Consumer knowledge of product category has been extensively investigated in consumer research. However, past research suffers from two major drawbacks. First, it focused on the impact of consumer knowledge on information search and learning, and thus very little is known about the direct impact of consumer knowledge on choice which is not mediated through information stored in memory. Second, the ...
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The structure of the US airline industry has undergone important changes since the deregulation in 1978, which removed entry and exit restrictions and allowed carriers to set airfares. One of the most dramatic aspects of the airline deregulation has been the shift of carriers from a point-to-point business model to hub-and-spoke (HS) networks, where a carrier designates one or more strategically l ...
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Understanding Collaboration in 3D Virtual Environments (UNCOVER)

Start date: Dec 1, 2010, End date: Nov 30, 2012,

"The proposed research aims to advance our understanding of virtual teamwork in 3D collaborative virtual environments (CVE) that have gained increasing importance in global organizations and higher education institutions, and are subject to an emerging interdisciplinary field of research. CVE have been developed to facilitate cross-border collaboration and to overcome the issues associated with tr ...
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In societies around the world, millions of children experience political violence in the form of armed conflict as a fact of daily life. Most research on the psychological well-being of these child victims focuses primarily on trauma-related symptoms. However, these traumas are added to existing developmental risks children face due to individual, family, and relational factors. Among the most com ...
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The proposed project investigates the complexity of provider decision-making process during the initial mental-health interview (intake) with ethnically and racially diverse populations. We focus on examining intuitive decisions and explore the effect of explicit and implicit bias on decisions related to patient care, including, diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and assessment of rapport. Maki ...
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We aim to investigate, via experimental tasks, the nature of the relationships between attachment anxiety, self structures and key phenomenological features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in order to inform conceptualisations and improve psychological treatment of this disorder. In Study 1, we aim to assess whether the triggering of attachment-anxiety is associated with lower implicit self ...
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The project comes as result of the participation of 5 of the 6 partner universities in the programme Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Windows. Given the importance to create structural measures that sustain the exchange of mobilities and facilities joint ventures, degrees and programmes this project proposal attempts to construct those pillars that will strengthen the harmonisation of higher ed ...
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