Archive of European Projects

Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
Mechanical forces are fundamental to cardiovascular development and physiology. The interactions between mechanical forces and endothelial cells are mediated by mechanotransduction feedback loops. My lab is interested in understanding how hemodynamic forces modulate cardiovascular function and morphogenesis. Overall, our recent work is unraveling the biological links between mechanical forces, mec ...
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 ONGOING 
Transcriptional regulation of genes in eukaryotic cells requires a complex and highly regulated interplay of chromatin environment, epigenetic status of target sequences and several different transcription factors. Eukaryotic genomes are tightly packaged within nuclei, yet must be accessible for transcription, replication and repair. A striking correlation exists between chromatin topology and und ...
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 1

 ONGOING 
During the first step of gene expression, a universally conserved enzyme called RNA Polymerase (RNAP) transcribes RNA from a DNA template in every cell. Transcription is a fundamental, yet incompletely understood process. Because of its central role, the bacterial transcription machinery is also a prime drug target. Crystal structures of RNAP core as well as RNAP elongation complexes (ECs) have re ...
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 1

 ONGOING 
Recent developments in omics technologies demand implementation of systems biology approaches to facilitate analysis and interpretation of the generated complex datasets.This is essential for biotechnological as well as preclinical and clinical applications. In comparison to previous approaches, most cancer relevant studies are confined to pattern recognition or at best modelling of single pathway ...
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 ONGOING 

Molecule-to-man pain network (PAIN-Net)

Start date: 01 Feb 2017, End date: 31 Jan 2021,

Neuropathic pain affects 5% of the general population and 40% of patients with neurological diseases, and has a key role in the pathophysiology of cancer pain that affects up to 50% of patients in the early disease stage and 30% of survivors, causing an enormous social burden. Treatments are inadequate with less than 50% of patients achieving 50% of pain relief at best, while up to 30% of cancer p ...
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 13

 ONGOING 
The INFRAFRONTIER RI integrates European Mouse Clinics and the European Mouse Mutant Archive with the common goal to ensure access to mouse models for basic research of human health and disease, and to translate this knowledge into therapeutic approaches for the benefit of the European society. The expanded INFRAFRONTIER2020 network, coordinated by the INFRAFRONTIER GmbH, includes 3 SMEs and is st ...
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 ONGOING 
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a main cause of death worldwide. During adulthood, ischemic heart disease leads to heart failure and perinatally, congenital heart defects are found in over 20% of deaths. Moreover, genetic or epigenetic factors altering development can have an impact much later in life. These facts underscore the need of a better understanding of the genetic and environmental factor ...
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 7

 ONGOING 

Unraveling Principles of PDZ-mediated Cell Signaling (PDZnet)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2020,

PDZnet will create an innovative European PhD training network focusing on unraveling PDZ domain-mediated signaling networks. The emphasis will be on signaling nodes essential for the development of cancer and diseases of the nervous system, conditions that affect millions of Europeans and are major societal challenges. PDZ domains are protein and lipid recognizing modules that play a central role ...
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 10

 ONGOING 
How differentiated cells can change their identity is a fascinating question. Indeed, natural interconversions between functionally distinct somatic cell types (aka transdifferentiation, Td) have been reported in species as diverse as jellyfish and mice, while experimentally induced reprogramming of differentiated cells has been demonstrated. The relative ease with which cellular identities can be ...
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 1

 ONGOING 

Deciphering PI3K biology in health and disease (Phd)

Start date: 01 Nov 2015, End date: 31 Oct 2019,

The Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is at the core of multiple fundamental biological processes controlling metabolism, protein synthesis, cell growth, survival, and migration. This inevitably leads to the involvement of the PI3K signalling pathway in a number of different diseases, ranging from inflammation and diabetes to cancer, with PI3K pathway alterations present in almost 80% of hu ...
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 11

 ONGOING 
The IPAD-MD project addresses cooperation and coordination between the pan-European INFRAFRONTIER Research Infrastructure and complementary research infrastructures in America, Asia and Australia, contributing to the global effort of the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC). In order to increase the reach of INFRAFRONTIER, IPAD-MD will also reach out to complementary infrastructures a ...
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 11

 FINISHED 
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) take a huge toll on the world population. An estimated 19 million people died from CVDs in 2010, representing 30% of all global deaths. Abnormal blood circulation is widely recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor and mechanotransduction has been shown to trigger pathologies such as atherosclerosis1, cardiomyopathies2 and valvulopathies3. Mechanotransduction is the ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"Transcriptional regulation of protein coding genes in eukaryotic cells requires a complex interplay of sequence-specific DNA-binding factors, co-activators, general transcription factors (GTFs), RNA polymerase II and the epigenetic status of target sequences. Nuclear transcription complexes function as large multiprotein assemblies and are often composed of functional modules. The regulated decis ...
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 FINISHED 
Neuropathic pain has a high incidence in Europe and often affects the patient’s emotional balance and quality of life. Recent meta-analyses have shown that conventional analgesic drugs are not sufficiently effective in these patients and are limited by serious side effects. The search for new analgesics is extremely difficult despite identification of several new potential targets and enormous inv ...
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 FINISHED 
"Chronic pain is prevalent and it causes decreased quality of life and significant costs to the society in terms of lost working capacity. Currently available analgesics are either not effective enough or patients cannot take them due to adverse effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a major cause of drug-related morbidity and mortality. Opioids can cause tolerance and addiction when u ...
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 FINISHED 

REGULATION OF TRANSCRIPTION (REGTRANS)

Start date: 01 Apr 2014, End date: 31 Mar 2018,

"During the first step of gene expression, RNA Polymerase (RNAP) transcribes RNA from a DNA template in every living cell. Crystal structures of RNAP core as well as RNAP elongation complexes (ECs) have revolutionized our understanding of transcription. This groundwork paved the way for more complex questions addressing the regulation of transcription. Because of its fundamental role, transcriptio ...
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 FINISHED 
"It is now increasingly clear that most of our genome is transcribed, but that only a small portion is associated with protein coding gene. Indeed, recent analysis indicate that long non-coding RNA outnumbered by five fold the coding RNA sequences. Despite this abundance, very little is known on the function of these long non-coding RNA.The aim of this proposal is to understand the function of pat ...
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 FINISHED 

Pluripotent stem cell resources for mesodermal medicine (PLURIMES)

Start date: 01 Feb 2014, End date: 31 Jan 2018,

Harnessing the capacity of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) to produce functional cell types with precision and at scale will enable new treatment modalities for degenerative diseases. A major target for such therapies is mesodermal tissue, muscle, bone and cartilage. The goal of PluriMes is to create a bioengineering platform for directing PSCs into specific classes of mesodermal/mesenchymal progeni ...
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 12

 FINISHED 

Nuclear foundations of cellular potency (NUCLEARPOTENCY)

Start date: 01 Feb 2012, End date: 31 Jan 2018,

A fundamental question in biology is to understand the mechanisms underlying cell plasticity. Such plasticity or potency is essential to form multiple cell types upon differentiation. In mammals, upon fertilization and fusion of the gametes –two highly differentiated cells- intense chromatin remodeling and epigenetic reprogramming, the reversion into an undifferentiated state, are essential to res ...
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 FINISHED 
NR-NET is a multidisciplinary consortium, whose activities are directed towards the understanding of the role of Nuclear Receptors (NRs) and coregulators in metaflammatory disease. Metaflammation - metabolic disorders linked to chronic inflammation – is an emerging concept explaining the pathogenesis of a wide-spectrum of diseases. Since several nuclear receptors can directly sense metabolic alter ...
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 FINISHED 
The importance of mechanical forces in biology is well accepted, yet an integrated view of their mode of action in vivo is lacking. We intend to characterize in-depth the physical forces and cellular processes that coordinate the morphogenesis of different cell types contributing to an organ, taking the C. elegans embryo as a paradigm.We will achieve this by pursuing three axes:1. Building on our ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Structural Basis of Protein Synthesis System of Human Cell (SBPSSHS)

Start date: 01 Apr 2012, End date: 31 Mar 2017,

"This project will elucidate the structure and mechanism of ribosome function through the determination of high resolution crystal structures of human ribosome functional complexes. Currently, the only high resolution crystal structures available for the ribosome functional complexes are bacterial ribosomes containing mRNA, tRNAs in E, P and A sites and several translation factors. Recently, we ha ...
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 FINISHED 
"Protein kinases represent key signal transduction components transferring signals to their effectors by phosphorylation. Among other important functions, MAPK-dependent signal transduction is principally required to control inflammation and metabolism in vertebrates. However, chronic MAPK signaling in response to environmental stress contributes to the development of metabolic and inflammatory di ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Anti-Parasitic Drug Discovery in Epigenetics (A-PARADDISE)

Start date: 01 Feb 2014, End date: 31 Jan 2017,

This proposal builds on the proven methodology developed in the SEtTReND FP7 project to develop inhibitors of schistosome HME as lead compounds for new drugs. We will employ a target-based strategy for the development of novel drug leads against schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease and malaria by targeting histone modifying enzymes (HME), in particular those involved in acetylation/deace ...
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 16

 FINISHED 

SYSTEMS BIOLOGY OF PATHWAYS INVOLVING BRAIN AGEING (AGEDBRAINSYSBIO)

Start date: 01 Jan 2013, End date: 31 Dec 2016,

In spite of valuable approaches applied to get a broad understanding of genetic, epidemiologic and molecular and system-level biological principles of human aging, cognitive decline remains as one of the greatest health challenges of the old age, with nearly 50% of adults over 85 afflicted of Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, drug development has not performed as expected in clinical trials, at le ...
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 15

 FINISHED 
The mouse shows great similarities in development, physiology and biochemistry to humans, which makes it a key model for research into human disease. The major challenges for mouse functional genomics in the 21st century are to:• Develop a series of mutant alleles for every gene in the mouse genome• Determine the phenotypic consequences of each mutation• Identify mouse models for the complete dise ...
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 FINISHED 
DNA is tightly wrapped around histones to form chromatin, a highly dynamic structure that can adopt different conformations with contrasting degrees of compaction. Essential processes of DNA metabolism, such as DNA repair, replication or transcription operate in the context of chromatin and higher order chromosomal organization. Understanding how modulation of chromatin structure and repair influe ...
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 10

 FINISHED 

European Medicines Research Training Network (EMTRAIN)

Start date: 01 Oct 2009, End date: 30 Sep 2016,

EMTRAIN is an essential element for the success of the IMI Education & Training (E&T) Call Topics in Europe (current and future). It will establish a pan-European platform of excellence for education and training covering the whole life-cycle of medicines from basic research through clinical development to pharmaco-vigilance. It will underpin the successful delivery of the current and future IMI-f ...
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 FINISHED 

Epigenetics towards systems biology (EPIGENESYS)

Start date: 01 Oct 2010, End date: 31 Mar 2016,

The ‘EpiGeneSys’ Network of Excellence aims to enable European epigenetics research to enter the arena of systems biology, a new step forward with major implications for human health. Many diseases, not explained solely by gene mutation, have rather been associated with epigenetic disorders. Following the identification of key epigenetic regulators, a move towards a systems biology approach is nee ...
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 28

 FINISHED 

Sarcomere based Signals in Muscle Remodelling (SARCOSI)

Start date: 01 Apr 2012, End date: 31 Mar 2016,

The sarcomere is the structural unit of striated muscle tissues where thick and thin filaments cooperate to achieve muscle contraction. Recently it is becoming increasingly clear that sarcomeres have in addition to muscle contraction also important signaling functions: Stretch and strain sensing signalosomes are assembled by the giant muscle proteins titin and nebulin, that in turn are embedded in ...
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 14

 FINISHED 
In hematopoiesis, failure to maintain homeostasis and regenerative functions result in a multitude of hematological malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndromes, lymphomas and leukemias, that represent a medical challenge and a large socioeconomic burden because of the large number of affected patients of all age groups. Although hierarchical organization of the hematopoietic system has been ...
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 12

 FINISHED 
The EUCOMMTOOLS Collaborative Project responds to the topic ‘HEALTH.2010.2.1.1-1: Large-scale efforts in mouse functional genomics to determine the functions of genes and their involvement in disease.’ EUCOMMTOOLS will provide, in a systematic high-throughput way, genetic tools and resources contributing to the determination of every gene’s function in any cell type of the entire organism at any g ...
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 11

 FINISHED 
Double-strand breaks (DSBs) occur frequently in the genome by DNA damaging agents or during genome replication. DSBs are hazardous because interaction between DNA ends from different double strand breaks can produce tumorigenic chromosome translocations. Little is known about how repair factors function in the context of chromatin and how translocations form in vivo. I developed a cell system in w ...
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 FINISHED 
Les maladies cardio-vasculaires (MCV) et leurs complications sont une des causes principales de mortalité chez lhomme. Ce projet consiste à développer des approches fonctionnelles, afin de définir précisément limpact de plusieurs variants génétiques associés à ces MCV. La meilleure connaissance des gènes liés aux MCV et de leurs mécanismes daction permettrait de développer des approches de prévent ...
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 FINISHED 
Cell proliferation, differentiation and death are controlled by different transcription factors amongst which the non-steroid nuclear receptors (nsNR). Deciphering the mechanisms of action of nsNR is a challenge in various research fields ranging from cancer and neurodegenerative disorders to metabolic diseases. According to the canonical signalling pathway liganded nsNR, in the form of dimers wit ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Genetic and Epigenetic Networks in Cognitive Dysfunction (GENCODYS)

Start date: 01 May 2010, End date: 30 Apr 2015,

Mutations in about 400 different genes have been associated with Cognitive Disorders (CD), such as mental retardation, autism, neurodegenerative disorders, and psychiatric disorders. Whereas CD impose a major medical and socio-economical problem, there are no systematic studies that aim to provide insight into common mechanisms in CD. We propose a systems biology approach to gain insight into comm ...
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 15

 FINISHED 
EFACTS (the European Friedreich’s Ataxia Consortium for Translational Studies) assembles a body of expertise to adopt a translational research strategy for the rare autosomal recessive neurological disease, Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA). FRDA is a severely debilitating disease that leads to loss of the ability to walk and dependency for all activities. Some patients have cardiomyopathy that can cause ...
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 FINISHED 

Building The Vertebrate Body (BODYBUILT)

Start date: 01 Apr 2010, End date: 31 Mar 2015,

"My lab is interested in the development of the tissue that gives rise to vertebrae and skeletal muscles called the paraxial mesoderm. A striking feature of this tissue is its segmental organization and we have made major contributions to the understanding of the molecular control of the segmentation process. We identified a molecular oscillator associated to the rhythmic production of somites and ...
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 FINISHED 
"The aim of the project is to understand key steps in the molecular mechanisms of protein synthesis across species. The structure and function of pro- and eukaryotic (including human) ribosomes, those cellular nano-machineries that catalyse the decoding of genes, will be studied through an integrative, interdisciplinary structural biology approach. Since in the cell the ribosome is regulated by tr ...
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 FINISHED 
InfraCoMP will establish efficient coordination mechanisms between the ESFRI project Infrafrontier and the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium. Infrafrontier is a pan-European initative to build a sustainable research infrastructure for systemic phenotyping, archiving and distribution of mouse models of human diseases. The IMPC is a global project to carry out systemic phenotyping of mouse ...
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