Search for European Projects

21 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
The overarching goal of L2STAT is to understand L2 literacy acquisition by bringing together, for the first time, recent advances in the neurobiology of statistical learning (SL), a detailed statistical characterization of the world’s writing systems, and neurally-plausible general principles of learning, representation, and processing. L2STAT aims to provide a new theoretical framework that consi ...
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 FINISHED 
Learning to read is a great challenge for deaf children due to their limited access to the sounds andlimited knowledge of the language they learn to read. Deaf adults’illiteracy levels aremuch higher than that of their hearing peers, but some deaf individuals can and do become skilled readers, though in a qualitatively different way than typically observed in hearing readers. New evidence shows th ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Advancing the European Multilingual Experience (ATHEME)

Start date: Mar 1, 2014, End date: Feb 28, 2019,

"The project Advancing The European Multilingual Experience (AThEME) takes an integrated approach towards the study of multilingualism in Europe by incorporating and combining linguistic, cognitive and sociological perspectives; by studying multilingualism in Europe at three different levels of societal magnitude, viz. the individual multilingual citizen, the multilingual group, and the multilingu ...
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 18

 FINISHED 
Language is a uniquely human and complex cognitive process that is vital for our successful everyday interactions in the world. I propose to investigate neurophysiological mechanisms associated with orthographic, phonological and semantic processes of word recognition and how they are modulated by print (visual) and spoken (auditory) inputs (phase 1), and by healthy aging (phase 2). In phase 3, I ...
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 FINISHED 

Biomarkers of disordered language in autism (BIOMARK)

Start date: Mar 14, 2016, End date: Mar 13, 2018,

... identify biomarkers indexing impaired phonology that can inform earlier diagnoses and treatments for children with disordered language. In addition to this goal, undertaking this research at the BCBL and the University of Seville, which will provide access to both mono- and bilingual children, will enable us to address a critical gap in both autism and SLI research. Developing bilinguals are the ...
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 FINISHED 
Understanding the implications of the level a language use in how we remember our past is a challenging and relevant goal in our growing bilingual world. Research evidence on memory and bilingualism converges in the idea that the level of language use changes the ability to access semantic representations. At the same time, individuals´ capacity to access semantic representations facilitates to pr ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Bilinguals activate words from both languages when listening, reading or speaking in one language, and engage non-linguistic cognitive control abilities to resolve cross-linguistic competition. Most studies of cross-language activation have focused on activation between languages through overlapping phonological representations. However, cross-language activation also occurs in deaf or hearing bil ...
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 FINISHED 
The thalamus is a brain structure that is responsible for important functions (e.g., sensory systems, sleep, the motor system, spoken language) which are distributed over its 12 nuclei . While recent advances in MRI technology have made it possible to image the thalamic nuclei in vivo, the lack of specific computational tools to analyze the images forces most research studies to either treat the t ...
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 FINISHED 

Bi-literacy: Learning to read in L1 and in L2 (BILITERACY)

Start date: May 1, 2012, End date: Apr 30, 2017,

"Learning to read is probably one of the most exciting discoveries in our life. Using a longitudinal approach, the research proposed examines how the human brain responds to two major challenges: (a) the instantiation a complex cognitive function for which there is no genetic blueprint (learning to read in a first language, L1), and (b) the accommodation to new statistical regularities when learni ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

A Universal Model of Word Comprehension (UNIVERSAL)

Start date: May 1, 2014, End date: Apr 30, 2016,

The proposed research will develop a “universal” connectionist architecture and a set of models capable of handling key cross-linguistic differences across English, Spanish, and Hebrew. This work is complemented with targeted empirical investigations.Computational Investigations. I will develop improved connectionist models which employ more general architectural assumptions and that are able to ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Sequence learning has been centrally involved in the acquisition of many different forms of behavior including language, visual object recognition and motor learning. The neurobiological and cognitive mechanisms associated with the knowledge of sequences, however, remain only partially understood. Findings from experimental psychology and computational models indicate that statistical learning rul ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Frege, in 1882, puts forward a philosophical account of language as symbols permitting the emergence of conceptual knowledge from individual memories. Since then, the influence of language on the episodic memory system and on the emergence of conceptual knowledge stays an undisclosed thesis. Life experiences are transformed into episodic memory via the hippocampus, the hippocampus in interplay wit ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Cross-linguistic and Cross-population Verb Processing (CCVP)

Start date: Nov 17, 2012, End date: Nov 16, 2015,

Verb processing is broadly described as being problematic in agrammatic aphasia, a medical consequence of left frontal hemisphere damage. Errors in verb processing are also observed in children with Specific Language Impairment, a developmental language learning disability. The aim of the present study, entitled “Cross-linguistic and Cross-population Verb Processing” is to collect and compare verb ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

A Triangle Model for the 21st Century (TRIANGLE)

Start date: Sep 1, 2013, End date: Aug 31, 2015,

"The proposed research aims to understand written and spoken word comprehension via computational, behavioural, and electrophysiological (EEG/ERP) investigations.Computational Investigations. I will develop improved connectionist models which capture the time-course of interactions among orthography, phonology, and semantics during word comprehension. These models will address key limitations of ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
The brain is never at rest. Whether performing a task or mind wandering, the human brain exhibits a rich mixture of transient, evoked activity and ongoing spontaneous fluctuations, reflecting the non-stationary and dynamic nature of neuronal activity. This activity connects functionally specialized but widely distributed cortical regions in order to support complex cognitive functions. The non-sta ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

How words and semantic are stored in the brain? (WORD-SEM STORE)

Start date: Feb 3, 2013, End date: Feb 2, 2015,

"Reading consists in establishing a correspondence between the physical form of the printed word and a semantic interpretation stored in the permanent memory. This project will investigate in greater detail how this orthographic form information, called lexical representation, is mapped onto word concepts, called semantic representations. In other words, how these two qualitatively different codes ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Language, Cognition, and Gender (ITN-LCG)

Start date: Oct 1, 2009, End date: Sep 30, 2013,

The Initial Training Network - Language, Cognition, and Gender (ITN LCG) investigates European languages from an interdisciplinary perspective to expand current knowledge of how language influences and forms the cognitive representations of women and men. The diversity of Europe offers a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of language and culture in establishing and maintaining gender ine ...
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 11

 FINISHED 
"The extent to which mathematical representations and processing depend on language is a question of active debate. Some authors defend a key role of language in some mathematical operations, others posit a complete independence between these two domains. Bilingualism can help to elucidate this question due to the variety of number codes that a bilingual manages. Recently we have provided evidence ...
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 FINISHED 

Bilingualism Impact on Reading Development (BIRD)

Start date: Jul 1, 2011, End date: Jun 30, 2013,

"With the European Union, a growing group of children learns how to read in two languages at the same time. Interestingly, the Basque language is used in Spanish and French regions of Europe and many children must learn to read in Basque in parallel to either an opaque (French) or a shallow (Spanish) orthography. This project investigates the foundations of bilingual reading acquisition, taking in ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Many learners of a foreign language struggle to correctly pronounce newly-learned speech sounds so that they can be understood by native listeners. Yet many others achieve this with apparent ease. What is responsible for these large individual differences in phonetic aptitude? Are better speakers also better listeners? The aim of this proposal is to determine whether there is a link between skills ...
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 FINISHED 

Prediction in Speech Perception and Spoken Word Recognition (PSPSWR)

Start date: Jun 1, 2011, End date: May 31, 2013,

... rve up the noisy, incoming acoustic signal using what they know about the linguistic patterns in their language. The advanced imaging facilities at the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL), combined with its location in the Basque Country and the concentration of experts in the Basque language, make it an optimal location to carry out the research proposed within this application. ...
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