Search for European Projects

Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
Many technologically and societally important mathematical problems are intractable for conventional, serial computers. Therefore, a significant need exists for parallel-computing approaches that are capable to solve such problems within reasonable time frames. Recently, part of our consortium demonstrated proof-of-principle of a parallel-computation system in which a given combinatorial problem i ...
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 ONGOING 
This proposal is concerned with several themes which lie in the crossroads of Harmonic Analysis and Discrete Geometry. Harmonic Analysis is fundamental in all areas of science and engineering, and has vast applications in most branches of mathematics. Discrete Geometry deals with some of the most natural and beautiful problems in mathematics, which often turn out to be also very deep and difficult ...
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 ONGOING 
The project aims at developing a pioneering approach to the reception of Classical Antiquity in children’s and young adults’ contemporary culture. This newly identified research field offers valuable insights into the processes leading to the formation of the culture recipients’ identities along with their initiation into adulthood. However, the most vital potential of this phenomenon remains unex ...
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 ONGOING 
The existing literature mainly focuses on two kinds of interactions: short-term interactions in which the behavior today does not influence the future, and long-term interactions with the same partner. In the former model, the only stable outcomes are Nash equilibria (which are typically non-efficient), while the latter model allows one to achieve efficient outcomes. Many interesting situations li ...
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 ONGOING 
PROTECT aims to introduce to the market One step antimicrobial finish processes for polymeric materials used in i) specialty textiles for public areas and hospitals, ii) water treatment membranes, and iii) implantable medical devices. Compared to main existing manufacturing routes, the proposed one-step coating technologies are simple, fast, and reproducible. For this, PROTECT uses as a starting p ...
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 23

 ONGOING 

Nano Voltage Sensors (NVS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2016, End date: Dec 31, 2020,

To understand how the brain works, tools need to be developed that will allow neuroscientists to investigate how interactions between individual neurons lead to emergent networks. Towards this goal, we will develop targetable voltage sensing nanorods that self-insert into the cell membrane and optically and non-invasively record action potentials at the single particle and nanoscale level, at mult ...
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 4

 ONGOING 
In the past few decades, the role of judges has changed dramatically and its nature has remained largely unexplored. To date, most cases settle or reach plea-bargaining, and the greater part of judges’ time is spent on managing cases and encouraging parties to reach consensual solutions. Adjudication based on formal rules is a rare phenomenon which judges mostly avoid. The hypothesis underlying JC ...
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 ONGOING 

Scanning SQUID view of emergent states at interfaces (SENSQUID)

Start date: Apr 1, 2015, End date: Mar 31, 2020,

The emergence of novel states of matter in low-dimensional systems is one of the most intriguing current topics in condensed matter physics. For instance, interfaces between certain non-magnetic insulating oxides were shown to give rise to surprising metallic, superconducting, and magnetic states, which are still far from being understood. I have recently demonstrated in LaAlO3/SrTiO3 that there i ...
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 FINISHED 
"Secure two-party and multiparty computation has long stood at the center of the foundations of theoretical cryptography. However, in the last five years there has been blistering progress on the question of efficient secure computation. We are close to the stage that secure computation can be applied to real-world privacy and security problems. There is thus considerable interest in secure comput ...
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 FINISHED 

NanoSmells: Artificial remote-controlled odorants (NanoSmell)

Start date: Sep 1, 2015, End date: Aug 31, 2019,

"Despite years of promise, an odor-emitting component in devices such as televisions, phones, computers and more has yet to be developed. Two major obstacles in the way of such development are poor understanding of the olfactory code (the link between odorant structure, neural activity, and odor perception), and technical inability to emit odors in a reversible manner. Here we propose a novel mult ...
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 FINISHED 
"Complex biological systems such as a developing embryo, a regenerating tissue, or a tumor are composed of heterogeneous cell types. The complex behavior of these systems is often dominated by a minority cell population such as the embryonic stem cells in a developing organism or cancer stem cells in tumors. Thus, in order to properly understand development, tissue regeneration, and cancer, a sing ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Robust Codes from Higher Dimesional Expanders (COHOMCODES)

Start date: Feb 1, 2014, End date: Jan 31, 2019,

"Error correcting codes play a fundamental role in computer science. Good codes are codes with rate and distance that are asymptotically optimal. Some of the most successful good codes are constructed using expander graphs. In recent years a new notion of {\em robust} error correcting codes, known as locally testable codes (LTCs), has emerged. Locally testable codes are codes in which a proximity ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Nonlinear and Quantum Optics at X-Ray Wavelengths (XRAYQUN)

Start date: Dec 1, 2014, End date: Nov 30, 2018,

"The objective of this work will be to explore, experimentally and theoretically, nonlinear and quantum optical effects in the x-ray spectral regime. These are novel fields of research offering many exciting new opportunities, which now become possible due to the recent and expected improvements in the x-ray sources. It should be emphasized that the physical description of nonlinear and quantum ef ...
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 FINISHED 
The ability to selectively pay attention to a particular stream of input in the environment and to ignore competing irrelevant sounds is of utmost importance in daily life. This challenge is epitomized by the well-known “Cocktail Party Problem”, which has fascinated psychologist, neuroscientists, engineers and computer scientists for decades. Yet, to date much remains unknown about the neural basi ...
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 FINISHED 
The project consist of 16 universities: four from program countries PL, DE, BG and IT; four from KZ, four from AM, four from IL; two stakeholders of related field: 1-from KZ and 1-from IL and spin-off company- ECM from DE. The overall objectives of the proposal are: To support the modernisation of the higher education (HE) in microelectronics in the targeted Universities in AM, KG and IL through ...
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 FINISHED 

Molecular Robots Exhibiting Collective Behaviours (MRECB)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Sep 30, 2018,

Cells carry out biochemical and physiological functions in the body by intricately controlling the position and activity of matter at the nanoscale. In contrast, our ability to exert equivalent spatiotemporal control over therapeutic molecules is extremely inadequate. That is the reason why although we have very effective therapeutics, their use is often limited by excess toxicity and adverse effe ...
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 FINISHED 
Exploring the effect of School Ethical Culture (SEC) on students' science achievements is the goal of this study. The integrative model that I propose demonstrates the impact of both external and internal school factors on the TIMSS 2011 assessments. The originality of this proposal is rooted in three points: (A) The fact that the focus on SEC as a predictor of student achievement in science is cu ...
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 FINISHED 
The EURAXESS TOP III consortium includes partners from almost all EURAXESS countries (either as beneficiaries or associated partners, from altogether 39 countries), in order to ensure the widest possible coverage as well as increased impact. The project has been divided into eight work packages. Two WPs are devoted to the development, testing and pilot introduction of new services on career develo ...
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 FINISHED 
Quantitative assessment of cellular phenotypes can result from various processes such as genetic manipulation, gene silencing, drug application or environmental changes. In many biological processes evident development of phenotypes often requires a long-term study of the sample, which can capture events at high-resolution and high frame rates. The essential working tool for this kind of studies i ...
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 FINISHED 
... nt Eurocentricity of current histories, in which Greek medicine has become the standard for all ancient medicine. BabMed will introduce a new paradigm for knowledge transfer which will recognise the barriers between ancient arts of medicine and how they were overcome in antiquity. One such barrier was script and language, and BabMed proposes that Babylonian medicine survived the death of cuneifo ...
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 FINISHED 
... rsed serum LH to FSH ratio and two hallmarks that include low grade inflammation and insulin resistance. These features place women with PCOS as a group of patients related to the metabolic syndrome. Baranova et al. even stated that ""it seems appropriate to consider polycystic ovary syndrome as the ovarian manifestation of metabolic syndrome"". Following the known evidence on the involvement of t ...
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 FINISHED 
Interrogations of suspects in international crime are very difficult and require sophisticated skills, familiarity with different -cultures, laws and methods, and cross-border teamwork. Training law enforcement agents on how to conduct such interrogations is the key to fighting these crimes.LAW-TRAIN applies an interdisciplinary approach for international criminal interrogations. It will unify the ...
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 FINISHED 

Encodoing Social Interaction (Encoding Experience)

Start date: Mar 1, 2014, End date: Feb 28, 2018,

Living in a social environment requires extracting social information in a meaningful way, a process that involves the perception of socially relevant signals, representation in the brain and integration with prior experience, eventually leading to modulation of behavior. Understanding how the brain interprets the world requires us to integrate our understanding of genes, brain circuits and ongoin ...
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 FINISHED 
The brain is composed of two hemispheres that communicate with each other. While tremendous progress has been made in recent years in understanding the role of each sub brain region, understanding how bilateral communications (BC) contribute to brain computations and behavior is poorly understood. BC is crucial for spatial localization as well as higher cognitive functions such as language and per ...
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 FINISHED 

Reaserchers' Night Project 2016-2017 in Israel (ERNI2016)

Start date: Jun 1, 2016, End date: Jan 31, 2018,

Following previous TEN years of successful implementation of European Researchers' Night in Israel we will have:o Venues covering the whole country.o Involvement of the academic community including Israel Ministry of Science, Technology and Space (MOST), all major researchuniversities, leading collages and three science museums.o Awareness campaign at national level managed and funded by the Israe ...
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 FINISHED 

Multi-Dimensional Lab-On-Chip (MuDLOC)

Start date: Feb 1, 2013, End date: Jan 31, 2018,

There are several bottlenecks that hinder certain aspects of proteomics, in particular, incompatibility of high throughput technologies with certain protein types or modifications, low sensitivity and lack of quantitative data. I have developed a microfluidics affinity assay compatible with transmembrane proteins and post-translational modifications that is highly sensitive and can provide quantit ...
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 FINISHED 

Functional materials for fast diagnosis of wound infection (InFact)

Start date: Jan 1, 2014, End date: Dec 31, 2017,

"Early detection of an incipient wound infection is a challenge for the attending physician , since its early diagnosis allows the timely initiation of treatment, thus reducing the severity of the disease . Currently, however, wound infection is not diagnosed until becoming already evident. As a consequence, the treatment of the patient is further complicated and more likely to have a negative ou ...
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 FINISHED 
... vascular access lines.UNICAT is an international and inter-sector collaborative project comprising R&D activities and secondments between the SME BioModics (BM), the University of Minho (UMinho), the Bar-Ilan University (BIU) and the Simula Research Laboratory (Simula). The consortium has identified the RISE programme as a suitable vehicle for overcoming the identified major challenges and for bri ...
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 FINISHED 
Almost every aspect of higher organism biology such as metabolism, growth and immunity, is regulated by intricate communication networks between multiple cell types. The ability to skew or interfere with these networks could lead to new ways to alleviate diseases caused or maintained by the interacting cells. However, since these cells are often dispersed across the entire organism, precise modula ...
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 FINISHED 
"Reading comprehension is a high-order complex process that depends on the operation of various cognitive mechanisms. The present research aims to explore the interaction of three central mechanisms: knowledge-based inferences, working memory (WM), and motivation. Specifically, the proposed research was designed to study the involvement of the different functions of working memory—storage, process ...
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 FINISHED 
It is generally thought that an organism contains the exactly same genomic information in all its cells and that a genome remains unaltered throughout the organism’s life, with the exception of rare and random somatic mutations that might occur. This genomic information will also serve as a template for exact RNA copies. However, endogenous and powerful means of creating inner genomic diversity ar ...
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 FINISHED 
"One of the central problems in number theory is to prove somereasonably sharp bounds for values of $L$-functions and ofcorresponding automorphic periods (they are usually called ""subconvexitybounds""). In this project I propose to study two new toolsin representation theory of reductive groups over local fields-- Densities on Stcks and Mirolocalization of representtions.I am going to use these ...
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 FINISHED 
Cancer is a multifaceted disease in which dysregulated gene expression and other aberrant activities are crucial for neoplastic initiation, progression and tumor cell survival upon the treatment with anticancer modalities.One of the major mechanisms that regulate these processes is protein ubiquitination. This modification can impose diverse effects on gene products–proteins, ranging from proteoly ...
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 FINISHED 

"Dynamics, Spectral Theory, and Arithmetic in Quantum Chaos" (DSTAQC)

Start date: Apr 1, 2013, End date: Mar 31, 2017,

"This proposal aims to study the relationship between the spectrum of the Laplacian on a compact hyperbolic surface, and the geometry and dynamics of the geodesic flow on the surface, in the context of the Quantum Unique Ergodicity (QUE) Conjecture--- which asks for the eigenfunctions to become equidistributed in the large eigenvalue limit. It is thought that this question might be related to the ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Metal oxides are a versatile group of semiconductors that are employed in a broad range of applications including micro/nano-electronics, photocatalysis and thin-film devices. The strength of metal oxides for these contemporary applications resides in the diversity of the electronic and optical properties which determine energy-level alignment and consequently dictate device performance. Furthermo ...
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 FINISHED 

Magnetic imaging of individual nanomagnets (NANOMAG-SQ)

Start date: Mar 1, 2013, End date: Feb 28, 2017,

"Magnetic nanoparticles have a number of present and proposed applications in biology and medicine, such as bio-separation, drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging and hyperthermia cancer treatment, as well as important role in future high density data storage and spintronic devices. Therefore, there is high interest and strong need to characterize them properly. So far the common characterizati ...
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 FINISHED 
MY-WAY aims at enhancing and improving the collaboration and efforts of web entrepreneurship initiatives (hubs, projects, accelerator networks, contests, etc.), web/business experts (accelerators, mentors, etc.), educational actors (business teachers and trainers) and the young adults as the final beneficiaries (through student networks, their alumni and student entrepreneurship centres, the stude ...
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 FINISHED 
Cell-based immunotherapies are a modern treatment approach holding promise to utilize nature’s own power to treat diseases that develop on the ground of immune system aberrations. Such diseases include cancer that develops and progresses via immune escape and on the other hand rejection of transplanted organs that need to be accepted by the immune system. Because the functions of distinct immune c ...
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 FINISHED 

DyE SensiTized solar cells wIth eNhanced stabilitY (Destiny)

Start date: Nov 1, 2012, End date: Oct 31, 2016,

The DESTINY initial training network will tackle major challenges in the development of stable dye-sensitized solar cells, DSC. DSC offer exciting possibilities for applications in building integrated photovoltaics and consumer electronics. However they possess a complex structure with disparate materials. For DSC to be marketable and to compete with its inorganic counterparts, fundamental science ...
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 FINISHED 

Should historical injustices be corrected? (HISTORICALINJUSTICES)

Start date: Jun 1, 2012, End date: Oct 31, 2016,

This research aims to examine whether historical injustices should be corrected. Historical injustices are cases of past wrongs, in which all the wrongdoers and all the victims have passed away. Are the descendants of the victims entitled to compensation? What kind of compensation? Who should bear the cost of this compensation, once all the wrongdoers have died? These are extremely difficult quest ...
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