Search for European Projects

30 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

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Brain disorders comprise a major burden for the society. Recent analyses of the neuropsychiatric disease-related gene polymorphisms as well as genomics and proteomics have identified the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in the brain as pivotal for those diseases. The ECM/CAMs span the synaptic cleft and regulate the synaptic dynamics. Furthermore, ...
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The Human Brain Project (HBP)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Sep 30, 2016,

Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest challenges facing 21st century science. If we can rise to the challenge, we can gain profound insights into what makes us human, develop new treatments for brain diseases and build revolutionary new computing technologies. Today, for the first time, modern ICT has brought these goals within sight. The goal of the Human Brain Project, part of the ...
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The relative importance of ecological and stochastic processes in the diversification of life on earth is largely unresolved. I propose to conduct an exhaustive spatially-explicit individual-based simulation study of biodiversity patterns (both phylogenetic and macroecological) generated over time by stochastic models of speciation and extinction. This project will depart from the prevailing parad ...
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Rapid prototyping scaffolds for the nervous system (NEUROSCAFFOLDS)

Start date: Jul 1, 2013, End date: Jun 30, 2016,

"Advanced tissue engineering requires scaffolds fabricated at different scales to facilitate cellular repair. Neurons respond to micro and nanopatterns over which are grown and it is possible to control - to some extent - neurite protrusion and the formation of neuronal network by using only nanopatterns. The present proposal is based on four main steps: i - Development and fabrication of Scaff ...
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Simulators and Interfaces with Quantum Systems (SIQS)

Start date: May 1, 2013, End date: Apr 30, 2016,

The overarching goal of our project is to develop systems based on direct and deterministic interactions between individual quantum entities, which by involving large-scale entanglement can outperform classical systems in a series of relevant applications.We plan to achieve that by improving technologies from atomic, molecular and optical physics as well as from solid-state physics, and by develop ...
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Digital Optofluidics for Remote Actuation of Liquids (DIOPTRA)

Start date: Apr 1, 2014, End date: Mar 31, 2016,

... technological processes involving physics, chemistry and biology. Digital microfluidics, where drops are individually controlled on open surfaces, has emerged as an alternative to the commonly used channel-based microfluidics. Current systems, such as electrowetting- and thermocapillary-based platforms, allow for adaptable droplet manipulation but they maintain the limiting need for external actua ...
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Graphene-Based Revolutions in ICT And Beyond (GRAPHENE)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Mar 31, 2016,

This Flagship aims to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionize multiple industries – from flexible, wearable and transparent electronics, to new energy applications and novel functional composites.Our main scientific and technological objectives in the different tiers of the value chain are to develop material technologies fo ...
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"More than a century after Wernicke and Broca established that speech perception and production rely on temporal and prefrontal cortices of the left brain hemisphere, the biological determinants for this organization are still unknown. While functional neuroanatomy has been described in great detail, the neuroscience of language still lacks a physiologically plausible model of the neuro-computatio ...
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Brain disorders impose an increasing economical and social burden in the member states of the European Union (EU). For most neurodegenerative diseases and many neuropsychiatric disorders no efficient treatment is available and no cure exists. In the next coming years the number of particularly elderly people suffering from brain disorders will tremendously increase. Predictions from the turn of th ...
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"""RNPnet"" - RNP structure, function and mechanism of action" (RNPNET)

Start date: Nov 1, 2011, End date: Oct 31, 2015,

... be sensitized to RNA and possess a multidisciplinary approach to research. The multiple expertises present in the fifteen labs of this network will be used in a highly cooperative and integrated manner. The research training will focus on studying RNPs involved in mRNA surveillance, splicing and editing. In addition, a total of fifteen meetings including two summer schools and several workshops ar ...
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 15

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Water anomalies in the stretched and supercooled regions (WASSR)

Start date: Oct 1, 2009, End date: Sep 30, 2015,

Water is the most abundant liquid on Earth s surface. It is essential for life. Surprisingly, despite extensive studies, many of its properties remain to be explained. The aim of this project is to contribute to the understanding of water, by studying its anomalies in the metastable liquid state. A liquid should transform into vapour at its boiling point, or into a solid at its freezing point. How ...
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 2

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Correct and Efficient Accelerator Programming (CARP)

Start date: Dec 1, 2011, End date: Feb 28, 2015,

In recent years, massively parallel accelerator processors, primarily GPUs, have become widely available to end-users. Accelerators offer tremendous compute power at a low cost, and tasks such as media processing, simulation, medical imaging and eye-tracking can be accelerated to beat CPU performance by orders of magnitude. Performance is gained in energy efficiency and execution speed, allowing i ...
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Source of Electron Entanglement in Nano Devices (SE2ND)

Start date: Aug 1, 2011, End date: Jan 31, 2015,

... r splitter with two defining key functions: 1) it ensures that pairs are emitted one by one, and 2) the two electrons of the pair are spatially separated by directing them into two different output channels, while maintaining their entanglement. Both objectives can be realized in carefully tuned double quantum dots. Hybrid double quantum dots will be realized in high-quality low-dimensional materi ...
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Combined Model-based Analysis and Testing of Embedded Systems (MBAT)

Start date: Nov 1, 2011, End date: Dec 31, 2014,

"One of the most important strategic sectors in which Europe is developing, integrating and delivering high-quality products is the transportation domain. Here, high-class safety-related products as e.g. airplanes, cars and trains have a huge market impact. More and more of the market value of these vehicles is gained by embedded systems inside these products, and the number and importance of thes ...
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... to establish the foundations for the next generation diagnostic magnetic resonance for in-vivo studies of biochemical processes. Magnetic resonance, unlike other techniques, probes in a non-invasive manner the local structure and dynamics of chemical and biological function. Many systems (e.g. organisms) are however heterogeneous and, currently, studies by high-resolution NMR spectroscopy necessit ...
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Spiking neural models of auditory perception (SPIKEHEAR)

Start date: Oct 1, 2009, End date: Sep 30, 2014,

"In classical connectionism, the information is conveyed by the firing rate of neurons. Spiking neuron models offer an additional dimension to the rate: synchrony. Synchronous spike trains are more effective than uncorrelated ones in driving the responses of target neurons. Because neurons can encode their inputs in a sequence of precisely timed spikes, input similarity translates into synchronous ...
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Description New tools to reduce design cost of embedded systemsThe latest and greatest embedded systems integrate a wide range of very complex functionalities. A smart phone, for example, is capable to communicate through 3G and WIFI connections. It integrates phone services with high performance graphics and sophisticated software applic ...
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 10

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Compositionality in infants (COIN)

Start date: Sep 1, 2011, End date: Aug 31, 2014,

"The COIN project aims at providing me with training experience in the Harvard Laboratory for Developmental Studies, in collaboration with innovative scholars studying infant cognition. I aim at acquiring expertise on conceptual development, further developing my experimental skills, gaining teaching and mentoring experience as a Teaching Assistant and returning to Europe to develop a pioneer fiel ...
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Cytoplasmic motion is a key determinant of organelle transport, protein-protein interactions, RNA transport and drug delivery, to name but a few cellular phenomena. Nucleic acid trafficking is important in antisense and gene therapy based on viral and synthetic vectors. This proposal is dedicated to the theoretical study of intracellular transport of proteins, organelles and DNA particles. We prop ...
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Studies have shown that the number of gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABAARs) present at the plasma membrane controls GABAergic transmission. In fact, a number of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders have been associated with deficits in the expression and activity of GABAARs. Although of great importance, the exact mechanism by which these receptors accumulate on the neuronal plasma me ...
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"Marine phytoplankton and zooplankton communities mediate a large flux of carbon from the atmosphere into the ocean. This biogeochemical process has traditionally been modelled with the focus primarily on the supply and consumption of essential nutrients. I propose to broaden this approach to resolve important processes occurring at higher trophic levels. I plan to use observations and food-web mo ...
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"The CBTOUCH project focuses on the cerebellum as a crucial component of the circuit involved in the precise tuning of motor control during tactile discrimination. A large fraction of the tactile information is acquired in a motor context.The nervous system must thus combine the sensory and motor informations to optimize movements aimed at collecting information and ultimately correctly interpret ...
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Security for Future Networks (SecFuNet)

Start date: May 1, 2011, End date: Apr 30, 2014,

The goal of the SecFuNet project is to design and develop a coherent security architecture for virtual networks and cloud accesses. The proposed architecture will provide solutions allowing the management of the security of communications for all machines connected to a public cloud using virtual networks. Hence, we need a coherent and robust identification scheme as well as a strong authenticatio ...
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Timing and plasticity in the olivo-cerebellar system (CEREBNET)

Start date: Jan 1, 2010, End date: Dec 31, 2013,

"Training young researchers to form the new generation of scientists is a must for our society. In this project we will use a multidisciplinary approach to investigate neuronal and circuit functions in the cerebellar network, which plays a critical role in sensori-motor control and is probably also involved in higher cognitive functions. The project will focus on timing and plasticity in the netwo ...
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... presents an opportunity for Europe to get ahead of America.The scientific objectives are:• To create microfluidic devices with high resolution nano-structures for confining cells to specific channel regions.• To culture rabbit cardiac myocytes both individually and in colonies of varying sizes on the microfluidic device within the special adhesion zones.• To use electrophysiological and microscop ...
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"The proposed research concerns a multi-disciplinary study of stone-working techniques in the ancient Mediterranean starting from an archaeological analysis of built structures. In particular it focuses on the so-called opus Africanum, a group of masonry techniques characterised by vertical frameworks of stone blocks. It arrived in North Africa as a consequence of the Phoenician colonisation, and ...
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"European authorities and the international scientific community acknowledge the importance of Inquiry-Based Science and Mathematics Education (IBSME) to develop an integrated strategy for scientific literacy and awareness from primary to secondary school, reinforcing scientific careers. Scienceduc and Pollen FP6 projects as well as SINUS-Transfer have successfully implemented IBSME in a large num ...
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"Scepticism, metaphysics and sciences" (SMS)

Start date: Mar 1, 2011, End date: Feb 28, 2013,

"Metaphysics is not recognized as a branch of philosophy in Ancient Greece, and Sextus Empiricus is not an exception in this sense; indeed, his attack on dogmatic philosophy is launched from the perspective of the traditional tripartition of philosophy into logic, physics and ethics. However, several parts of Sextus’ work deal with matters that we would count as metaphysical, in particular the pas ...
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The goal of the InterPitch project is to systematically investigate how intonation (speech melody) is coded in whispered speech. A speaker who whispers fails to produce the most important cue to intonation perception, i.e. the fundamental frequency (F0). Assuming that the speaker attempts to accommodate the listener during communication, the whispering speaker is expected to naturally compensate f ...
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The overall objectives of the AQUTE project areA) To develop quantum technologies based on atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) systems for* scalable quantum computation;* entanglement-enabled technologies like metrology and sensing.B) To establish and exploit new interdisciplinary connections, coming from AMO physics, but also including concepts and experimental settings of solid state systems, in ...
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