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Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

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... f early Indian YogAcAra Buddhism (4th-5th centuries CE) has come under criticism for its de-contextualized understanding of the school's worldview. My research addresses this shortcoming through an intellectual history of the Yogacara's philosophical, cosmological and literary understanding of 'sattva-bhAjana-loka' (the sentient and insentient 'external world'), a fundamental concept that has not ...
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Enabling NAnomedicine TRANSlation (ENATRANS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2015, End date: Dec 31, 2017,

... ss or the investment community. ENATRANS will deliver special coaching sessions prior to showcasing of promising projects.Partners in ENATRANS are VDI/VDE-IT, Nanobiotix, CEA, bioanalytik-muenster, Tel Aviv University, Fondazione Don Gnocchi, TecMinho.
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... probability estimation from large datasets, and a paper on analysis of a large mtDNA database. A number of exciting challenges for the future work are discussed. Once the author joins the faculty at Tel Aviv University, this research will contribute to ongoing international collaboration, to inter-disciplinary collaboration within the University and to increasing our understanding about the past ...
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... firmed yet. Future planed observing missions (e.g., GLAST) promise that GRBs will remain a focus of astrophysical research in the coming years. As a member of the astrophysics research group in the Tel-Aviv University I plan to address two key topics that I consider as crucial in the way to reveal the physics of GRBs. The first is the physics of relativistic collisionless shocks in unmagnetized pl ...
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... arch project is supervised by Prof. Thomas Sargent, Prof. Simon Benninga and Prof. Itzhak Gilboa. The outgoing phase will take place at New York University and the return phase will take place at Tel Aviv University.
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... poses will support the Integration of Professor Judith Berman, who is currently a Full Professor at the University of Minnesota, in the United States and who will move to a Full Professor position at Tel Aviv University. Professor Berman is a highly regarded research focusing on the biology of Candida albicans, an important fungal pathogen of humans. The work proposes to analyze the dynamic proce ...
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... s-layer considerations and will deal with various functionalities, including flow control, topology control, and routing and with various environment and technological constraints.The PI will visit Tel Aviv University (Israel), and hence, an important component of the project is transfer of knowledge to the European research community from Columbia University and the EnHANTs project. The project w ...
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Higher education student and staff mobility project

Start date: Jun 1, 2014, End date: Sep 30, 2015,

... rtnerships with higher education institutes based in extra-EU countries. The most important of those activities has been the setting up of a bilateral agreement with the Shenkar College of Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel, which is intended to increase both ISIA students and teachers knowledge about new technologies, opening them up its advanced research laboratories.
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... objective is that Dr. Jääskeläinen will acquire the specific expertise to address this question by working for one year in Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center of Bar-Ilan University, Tel Aviv, Israel, where there is unique empirical-theoretical expertise on predictive brain mechanisms. Work by the Director of Gonda Center, Prof. Moshe Bar (Supervisor), suggests that rapid derivation of ...
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... e research is based on state-of-the-art numerical codes, and experimental and numerical results, which were developed and obtained in our previous studies, in which we established cooperation between Tel-Aviv University (Israel), University of Nottingham (UK) and Institute of Crystal Growth (Berlin, Germany). Our recent results posed new unanswered questions and problems, which are being addressed ...
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... learning of teachers, students and life-long learning participants- Professional development of individual teachers and students (groups working at theinternational level)- Multidisciplinary intelligence – the project urges a fruitful mixing and joining of theinterdisciplinary skills of the participants (educational institutions, Internet applicationsand software developers, theatre and music gro ...
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 ONGOING 
The terahertz optical regime, covering the long wavelength end of the optical spectrum, has been for many years the least explored spectral regime. Recent interest in this regime has led to important emerging applications spanning many disciplines including medical, biological, materials sciences, communications, security, and basic sciences. However, advances in these emerging applications are he ...
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Novel Mechanism of Behavioural Change (ChangeBehavNeuro)

Start date: Jan 1, 2017, End date: Dec 31, 2021,

Understanding how values of different options that lead to choice are represented in the brain is a basic scientific question with far reaching implications. I recently showed that by the mere-association of a cue and a button press we could influence preferences of snack food items up to two months following a single training session lasting less than an hour. This novel behavioural change manipu ...
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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global public health threat, and most troublesome is the rapid emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant (MDR) Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There is an unmet medical need to prevent P. aeruginosa infection in critically ill patients and to develop new antibiotics for infections caused by Gram-negative bacte ...
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Selective glycoimmuno-targeting for cancer therapy (SweetAim)

Start date: Dec 1, 2016, End date: Nov 30, 2021,

Immunotherapy recently became an important alternative to conventional treatment regimes, yet cancer remains a universal leading cause of death. Thus, novel cancer theranostic approaches are still much desired. Although altered cell surface glycosylation is one of the hallmarks of cancer, targeting this ‘sweet aim’ for cancer therapy has been elusive, largely due to carbohydrates poor immunogenici ...
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... genetic and biochemical systems will allow us to discover regulators and interpreters of gene body methylation. Using these unique genetic tools and novel molecular factors, we will be able to ultimately explore the particular biological roles of gene body methylation. These findings will fill the gap towards a full comprehension of the entire functional array of DNA methylation, and to its more ...
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Zero sets of random functions (RandomZeroSets)

Start date: Oct 1, 2016, End date: Sep 30, 2021,

"The proposed research is focused on zero sets of random functions. This is a rapidly growing area that lies at the crossroads of analysis, probability theory and mathematical physics. Various instances of zero sets of random functions have been used to model different phenomena in quantum chaos, complex analysis, real algebraic geometry, and theory of random point processes.The proposal consists ...
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Spiking network mechanisms underlying short term memory (HIRESMEMMANIP)

Start date: Oct 1, 2016, End date: Sep 30, 2021,

Short term memory (STM) is impaired at old age and a host of neuropsychiatric disorders, and has been the focus of a multitude of psychological and theoretical studies. However, the underlying neuronal circuit mechanisms remain elusive, mainly due to the lack of experimental tools: we suggest that rapid manipulations at the neuronal level are required for deciphering underlying mechanisms. We have ...
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Bayesian Networks and Non-Rational Expectations (BAYNET)

Start date: Jul 1, 2016, End date: Jun 30, 2021,

"This project will develop a new framework for modeling economic agents having "boundedly rational expectations" (BRE). It is based on the concept of Bayesian networks (more generally, graphical models), borrowed from statistics and AI. In the framework's basic version, an agent is characterized by a directed acyclic graph (DAG) over the set of all relevant random variables. The DAG is the agent's ...
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A major challenge in the field of optical imaging of live cells is to achieve label-free but still fully quantitative measurements, which afford high-resolution morphological and mechanical mapping at the single cell level. In particular, developing efficient, non-subjective, quantitative optical imaging technologies for cancer cell diagnosis is a challenging task. The ground-breaking goal of this ...
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Signaling, genetic regulatory circuits, and tissue morphology are inherently coupled to each other during embryonic development. Although changes in cellular and tissue morphology are commonly treated as a downstream consequence of cell fate decision processes, there are multiple examples where morphological changes occur concurrently with the differentiation processes. This suggests that a feedba ...
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Peptide building blocks serve as very attractive bio-inspired elements in nanotechnology owing to their controlled self-assembly, inherent biocompatibility, chemical versatility, biological recognition abilities and facile synthesis. We have demonstrated the ability of remarkably simple aromatic peptides to form well-ordered nanostructures of exceptional physical properties. By taking inspiration ...
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News industry is undergoing a major transition: Traditional news consumption is on the decline, while citizens increasingly turn their attention to social network sites (SNSs). To accommodate this trend, news industry has been incorporating SNSs into its platforms, changing news into a social product. The project will explore this process and reveal its implications for news production and audienc ...
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How animals make decisions in the wild is an open key-question in biology. Our lack of knowledge results from a technological gap – the difficulty to track animals over long periods while monitoring their behaviour; and from a conceptual gap – how to identify animals’ decision-points outdoors? We suggest applying our innovative on-board miniature sensors, to study decision making in the wild. We ...
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The identity of dark matter (DM) is still unknown. For more than three decades, significant theoretical and experimental efforts have been directed towards the search for a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP), often overlooking other possibilities. The lack of an unambiguous positive signal, at indirect- and direct-detection experiments and at the LHC, stresses the need to expand on other t ...
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Plants evolved a unique molecular mechanism that spatially regulate auxin, forming finely tuned gradients and local maxima of auxin that inform and direct developmental patterning and adaptive growth processes. Recent findings call into question the uniqueness of polar auxin transport in the sense that more plant hormones seem to be actively transported. Although still lacking many mechanistic det ...
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The INFRAFRONTIER RI integrates European Mouse Clinics and the European Mouse Mutant Archive with the common goal to ensure access to mouse models for basic research of human health and disease, and to translate this knowledge into therapeutic approaches for the benefit of the European society. The expanded INFRAFRONTIER2020 network, coordinated by the INFRAFRONTIER GmbH, includes 3 SMEs and is st ...
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Mathematical statistical physics has seen spectacular progress in recent years. Existing problems which were previously unattainable were solved, opening a way to approach some of the classical open questions in the field. The proposed research focuses on phenomena of localization and long-range order in physical systems of large size, identifying several fundamental questions lying at the interfa ...
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Neural temporal codes have come to dominate our way of thinking on how information is coded in the brain. When precise spike timing is found to carry information, the neural code is defined as a temporal code. In spite of the importance of temporal codes, whether behaving animals actually use this type of coding is still an unresolved question. To date studying temporal codes was technically impos ...
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Random Geometry (RANDGEOM)

Start date: Jan 1, 2016, End date: Dec 31, 2020,

... s.Another set of problems is investigating aspects of universality in critical percolation in various high-dimensional graphs. These graphs include lattices in dimension above 6, Cayley graphs of finitely generated non-amenable groups and also finite graphs such as the complete graph, the Hamming hypercube and expanders. It is believed that critical percolation on these graphs is universal in the ...
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... oup of chronic inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, including Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) that can impact both the large and small bowel. IBD affects approximately 3.7 million Europeans and its peak onset is in persons of 15 to 30 years of age. IBD imposes a significant burden on Europe with over €3B in annual health care costs and over €3B in indirect cost. ...
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Fibre Nervous Sensing Systems (FINESSE)

Start date: Oct 1, 2016, End date: Sep 30, 2020,

... in the environment. By exploiting the most advanced light-matter interactions, these tiny luminous wires can realize distributed sensing, which means that each point along an optical fibre can separately and selectively sense quantities such as temperature, strain, acoustic waves and pressure, in perfect similarity to a real organic nerve.These remarkable features have attracted the interest of d ...
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The design and development of open reactive systems, which compute by reacting to ongoing stimuli from their environment, and include, for example, mobile applications running on smart phone devices, web-based applications, industrial robotic systems, embedded software running on chips inside cars and aircraft, etc., is a complex and challenging task. Despite advancement from low-level assembly la ...
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Sustainability of energy systems goes through high penetration of renewable energy with huge volumes of electricity to transmit over long distances. The most advanced solution is the HVDC Supergrid. But fault currents remain an issue even if DC circuit breakers have emerged. These are not satisfying, whereas Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (SCFCLs) using REBCO tapes bring an attractive solu ...
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Ischemic heart disease is a major cause of death in the Western world. There is no sustainable regenerative therapy available at the moment, with cardiac transplantation being the only therapy. However, tissue engineering is envisioned as a true regenerative therapeutic alternative. Despite the incremental improvements no technology is currently available that can provide on-line monitoring and re ...
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A Genetic View of Influenza Infection (GV-FLU)

Start date: Jul 1, 2015, End date: Jun 30, 2020,

Inherited variation in the quantity and functionality of immune cells plays a key role in determining phenotypic diversity between individuals. Surprisingly little is known, however, about the specific contribution of immune cell subsets to variation in phenotypes such as susceptibility to infectious diseases and the underlying genetic variation. In many complex diseases, we currently have a poor ...
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Mortality from breast cancer is almost exclusively a result of tumor metastasis. Since advanced metastatic cancers are usually fatal, understanding the biology of tumor metastasis is the most significant challenge in cancer research today. It has become clear that the microenvironment of tumors is crucial in supporting tumor growth. Nevertheless, the role of the metastatic microenvironment in faci ...
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"In the proposed research we will explore the functional proteomic diversity of histologically-defined regions within human breast tumors, aiming to identify novel protein biomarkers of tumor aggressiveness. Once identified, these proteins will serve as potent diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. Towards this aim we will perform genome-scale proteomic profiling on tumor regions displaying d ...
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Neuronal computations in the brain require a high metabolic budget yet the brain has extremely limited resources; calling for an on-demand, robust supply system to deliver nutrients to active regions. In most cases, neuronal activity results in an increase in blood flow to the active area, a phenomenon called functional hyperaemia. This coupling between neuronal and vascular activtuy underpins the ...
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Spectral theory of random operators (SPECTRUM)

Start date: Jun 1, 2015, End date: May 31, 2020,

The theme of this proposal is the study of random operators associated with some geometric structure, and the influence of the geometry on the spectral properties of the operator. Such operators appear in problems from theoretical physics, and lead to new and interesting mathematical structures.One circle of questions is related to random operators, which describe the motion of a quantum particle ...
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