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Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
"DNA methylation was originally described in the 1970s as an epigenetic mark involved in transcriptional silencing, but the existence of DNA demethylation and the enzymes involved in this process were only recently discovered. In particular, it was established that TET hydroxylases catalyze the conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) through a reaction requiring oxyg ...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of the motor neurons. As for other neurodegenerative disorders, translation of newly acquired biological insights into therapies has been difficult. In the current project we intend to contribute to the development of therapeutic approaches for ALS. We want to generate novel models, identify new therapeutic targets for interv ...
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Aberrant RNA degradation in T-cell leukemia (ART)

Start date: May 1, 2014, End date: Apr 30, 2019,

"The deregulation of transcription is an important driver of leukemia development. Typically, transcription in leukemia cells is altered by the ectopic expression of transcription factors, by modulation of signaling pathways or by epigenetic changes. In addition to these factors that affect the production of RNAs, also changes in the processing of RNA (its splicing, transport and decay) may contri ...
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Function of Chemosensory Circuits (CHEMOSENSORYCIRCUITS)

Start date: Apr 1, 2014, End date: Mar 31, 2019,

Smell and taste are the least studied of all senses. Very little is known about chemosensory information processing beyond the level of receptor neurons. Every morning we enjoy our coffee thanks to our brains ability to combine and process multiple sensory modalities. Meanwhile, we can still review a document on our desk by adjusting the weights of numerous sensory inputs that constantly bombard o ...
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Most biotechnological therapeutics used in the clinic today and under current development, are of protein nature. Eukaryotic expression systems (such as yeasts and mammalian cells) for these therapeutic proteins add carbohydrate moieties (glycans) to the proteins, and these glycans strongly modulate the protein's in vivo biodistribution and therapeutic efficacy. Until recently, no adequate tools w ...
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"Cytokine receptor signaling is an essential part of the intercellular communication networks that govern key physiological processes in the body. Cytokine dysfunction is associated with numerous pathologies including autoimmune disorders and cancer, and both cytokines and cytokine antagonists have found their way into the clinic. Yet, there are still many unfulfilled promises and opportunities. I ...
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Atlas of leaf growth regulatory networks in MAIZE (AMAIZE)

Start date: Feb 1, 2014, End date: Jan 31, 2019,

"Understanding how organisms regulate size is one of the most fascinating open questions in biology. The aim of the AMAIZE project is to unravel how growth of maize leaves is controlled. Maize leaf development offers great opportunities to study the dynamics of growth regulatory networks, essentially because leaf development is a linear system with cell division at the leaf basis followed by cell ...
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Ribosome defects in cancer (RIBOCANCER)

Start date: Jan 1, 2014, End date: Dec 31, 2018,

... ell leukemia (T-ALL) harbor acquired mutations in the ribosome, the cellular protein translation factory. We found mutations in RPL10, RPL5 and RPL22, 3 proteins of the large 60S ribosomal subunit. Strikingly, 6.5% of T-ALL patients had the same RPL10 R98S missense mutation. Although congenital ribosome defects were previously linked to higher cancer risk, the concept that defects in the ribosome ...
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Functional Analysis of Dopamine Prediction Error Circuits (DopaPredict)

Start date: Dec 1, 2014, End date: Nov 30, 2018,

One of the key goals in neuroscience is to understand how neural activity generates behavior. Electrophysiological recordings have provided great insights into this relationship, but they cannot resolve the contribution of specific neuronal cell types. Moreover, it has been notoriously difficult to move beyond correlation and demonstrate the functional significance of neural firing for specific be ...
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Metagenomics in Cardiometabolic Diseases (METACARDIS)

Start date: Nov 1, 2012, End date: Oct 31, 2018,

METACARDIS applies a systems medicine multilevel approach to identify biological relationships between gut microbiota, assessed by metagenomics, and host genome expression regulation, which will improve understanding and innovative care of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and their comorbidities. CMD comprise metabolic (obesity, diabetes) and heart diseases characterized by a chronic evolution in ag ...
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"The long-term establishment of ancient organisms that have undergone whole genome duplications has been exceedingly rare. On the other hand, tens of thousands of now-living species are polyploid and contain multiple copies of their genome. The paucity of ancient genome duplications and the existence of so many species that are currently polyploid provide an interesting and fascinating enigma. A q ...
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A key function of the visual system is to extract behaviourally relevant features about the visual scene from the barrage ofincoming photons. This process begins in the retina, a powerful image processer that recent studies have revealedseparates the incoming information into ~20 distinct neural representations. Within central visual brain regions specificdetails of the visual scene are often neat ...
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Synapses connect neurons into a network that encodes our thoughts, memories and personalities. Loss of synaptic connectivity is thought to underlie a variety of cognitive disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease, but little is known about the molecules and mechanisms that establish and maintain the precise patterns of synaptic connectivity in the brain. Neither is it underst ...
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European Medical Information Framework (EMIF)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2017,

In response to the need to tackle increasingly complex medical research questions, a growing amount of human health data is being collected, either in routine Electronic Healthcare Record (EHR) databases, through research-driven cohort studies, in biobanks or related efforts. However, data sources are typically fragmented and contain information gaps which prevent their full exploitation. EMIF aim ...
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Oriented cell divisions dictate morphogenesis by shaping tissues and organs of multicellular organisms. Oriented cell divisions have profound influence in plants because their cell positions are locked by shared cell walls. A relay of cell divisions involving precise division plane switches determines embryonic body plan, organ layout and organ architecture in plants. Cell division planes in plant ...
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 FINISHED 
Macrophages exist in distinct differentiation states. Proangiogenic/immunosuppressive (M2-like) macrophages and antitumoral/proinflammatory (M1-like) macrophages represent two extremities of a continuum. Because lineage-defined subsets have not been identified yet, macrophage heterogeneity is likely to reflect the plasticity of these cells in response to microenvironmental signals. The concept tha ...
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Universal Flu Vaccine (UNIVACFLU)

Start date: Nov 1, 2013, End date: Oct 31, 2017,

Currently licensed influenza vaccines promote an effective antibody response, but only against influenza virus strains that antigenically match the vaccine composition. Little protection is induced by these vaccines against antigenically drifted strains such as those emerging from an avian or swine reservoir. Hence there is a great need to develop broadly cross-reactive flu-vaccines.The aim is to ...
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Mankind is continually screening low-molecular-weight compounds from a plethora of synthetic and natural sources in the search for molecules with novel or superior pharmaceutical, agrochemical or other biological activities. In this regard, plants are a potentially rich source of bioactive molecules. Because of their extreme diversity and complex chemistry, however, plant metabolism is still under ...
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Somatically acquired loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) is extremely common in cancer; deletions of recessive cancer genes, miRNAs, and regulatory elements, can confer selective growth advantage, whereas deletions over fragile sites are thought to reflect an increased local rate of DNA breakage. However, most LOHs in cancer genomes remain unexplained. Here we plan to combine a TALEN technology and the e ...
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InFLUenza virus UNIVersal VACcine development program (FLUNIVAC)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Sep 30, 2017,

Effectively protecting the general population from seasonal and pandemic influenza has proven to be a challenge, since influenza viruses continue to escape from and evade immunity. Current influenza vaccines fail to provide long-lasting and broad protection against multiple strains of influenza. For the development of a universal influenza vaccine, we have to “do better than Nature”, since even na ...
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Neurodegenerative (ND) and neuromuscular (NM) disease is one of the most frequent classes of rare diseases, affecting life and mobility of 500,000 patients in Europe and millions of their caregivers, family members and employers. This NEUROMICS project brings together the leading research groups in Europe, five highly innovative SMEs and relevant oversea experts using the most sophisticated Omics ...
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Chromatin in Plants – European Training and Mobility (CHIP-ET)

Start date: Oct 1, 2013, End date: Sep 30, 2017,

"The Research Training Network CHIP-ET will focus on the study of protein complexes that modulate chromatin structure to activate RNA polymerase II–mediated transcription. Research will address how developmental and environmental stimuli such as light and circadian rhythm signal to these complexes to modulate transcription. The interactome of the complexes will be determined, as well as their geno ...
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Continuous research on cancer has unraveled genetic alterations and subsequently signal transduction pathways changed in a cancer cell, thereby it emerged that many of the genetic factors commonly altered in cancer cells often target metabolic genes. An altered metabolism allows cancer cells to sustain their proliferative needs. Yet, whether altered metabolic fluxes and metabolite concentrations, ...
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Current angiogenesis research using genetic loss-of function approaches in mouse and zebrafish models provides for a growing number of genes implicated in blood vessel formation. Mechanistic insight often remains unsatisfactory as phenotypes fall into common categories. Our recent cell competition models combined with computational analysis have transformed the way we can study mechanisms in vascu ...
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"VIB is a life science centre of excellence in Flanders (Belgium) established in 1996. We have gained valuable experience in selecting, training and employing young researchers, amongst others thanks to our International Ph.D. Program. Only 5 years after the start of this program, VIB’s student population has grown from 275 Belgian students into a dynamic community of nearly 400 students, represen ...
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Co-morbidity in relation to Aids (COBRA)

Start date: Mar 1, 2013, End date: Feb 28, 2017,

Persons with HIV on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) are at increased risk of the premature development of age-associated non-communicable comorbidities (AANCC), including cardiovascular, chronic kidney, liver and pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, non-AIDS associated malignancies, and neurocognitive impairment. It has therefore been hypothesised that such individuals, de ...
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POLARITY AND SUBCELLULAR DYNAMICS IN PLANTS (PSDP)

Start date: Feb 1, 2012, End date: Jan 31, 2017,

"Plant life strategy is marked by acquisition of highly flexible development that adapts plants’ phenotype to the environment. Various environmental signals are integrated into the endogenous signalling networks involving the versatile phytohormone auxin. The intercellular auxin transport mediates a large variety of adaptive plant growth responses. Subcellular polar distribution of PIN auxin trans ...
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Brain consists of two basic cell types – neurons and glia. However, the study of glia in brain function has traditionally been neglected in favor of their more “illustrious” counter-parts – neurons that are classed as the computational units of the brain. Glia have usually been classed as “brain glue” - a supportive matrix on which neurons grow and function. However, recent evidence suggests that ...
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My overall aim is to define the role of NOD-like receptors (NLRs) in immunity and to understand the importance of their signaling networks in health and disease.NLR family members are thought to sense pathogens and endogenous alarmins in intracellular compartments to trigger innate immune responses. Recent progress was made in mapping the signaling pathways of the NLRs Nod1, Nod2 and Nlrp3, but th ...
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SYSTEMS BIOLOGY OF PATHWAYS INVOLVING BRAIN AGEING (AGEDBRAINSYSBIO)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

In spite of valuable approaches applied to get a broad understanding of genetic, epidemiologic and molecular and system-level biological principles of human aging, cognitive decline remains as one of the greatest health challenges of the old age, with nearly 50% of adults over 85 afflicted of Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, drug development has not performed as expected in clinical trials, at le ...
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Solar UV-B radiations can have a negative impact on photosynthetic organisms leading to a reduction of the uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Aquatic ecosystems absorb a similar amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide as terrestrial ecosystems, are estimated to produce half of the biomass on our planet and are a major source for human food supply. At the base of these ecosystems, phytoplankton are ...
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Training network for next generation vaccinologists (VACTRAIN)

Start date: Nov 1, 2012, End date: Oct 31, 2016,

Vaccines are the most cost-effective health interventions available (WHO). The impact of vaccination on the health of the world’s population cannot be overstressed. Vaccinolgy is the multidisciplinary discipline of developing vaccine interventions it combines knowledge from basic sciences, medical sciences, public health and social sciences. Ideally a vaccinologists would be able to have a general ...
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Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women, affecting one in eight women. Despite improved treatment strategies, BC recurrence after initial therapy is still responsible for nearly 500,000 deaths worldwide each year. This is related to the fact that BC cells metastasize very early in the disease course, and often remain unnoticed at the time of diagnosis. Novel therapeutic ...
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The overall strategic objective of MultiBioPro is to exploit natural resources from genetic varieties of two industry-utilized plant species, poplar and the tobacco tree Nicotiana glauca, for direct applicability to novel industrial end products. The consortium will explore already existing poplar and N. glauca genotypes in parallel with innovative state-of-the-art translational research from the ...
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Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways and a worldwide problem. Dendritic cells (DC) have a key role in the development of this disease, making them interesting targets for therapy. Novel asthma therapies could involve interference with the development and relative abundance of functionally specialized lung DC subsets. Allergen exposure drastically changes airway DC subse ...
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In the last decade, new technologies have emerged to study protein-protein and protein-nucleic acid interactions under near-physiological conditions at large scale. In contrast, development of similar performing technologies for screening and discovery of in vivo metabolite/protein interactions has received little attention. Nonetheless, metabolites comprise a large and important fraction of the c ...
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Current anti-angiogenesis based anti-tumor therapy relies on starving tumors by blocking their vascular supply via inhibition of growth factors. However, limitations such as resistance and toxicity, mandate conceptually distinct approaches. We will explore an entirely novel and long-overlooked strategy to discover additional anti-angiogenic candidates, based on the following innovative concept: ¿r ...
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Role of microRNA dysregulation in Alzheimers Disease (MIRNA_AD)

Start date: May 1, 2011, End date: Apr 30, 2016,

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a major health problem in aging societies. Remarkable progress in the study of the rare genetic forms of the disease has lead to the identification of several key players like APP and the secretases, but the molecular basis of sporadic AD remains largely unresolved. The convergence of several factors (multicausality) has to be considered. miRNAs are crucially involved i ...
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 FINISHED 
"DNA methylation is integral to the regulation of gene transcription but is deregulated in cancer. Mechanisms causing this dysregulation are however poorly understood. Although DNA methylation mechanisms were described for several decades ago, the enzymes responsible for DNA demethylation were only discovered a few years ago: TET enzymes catalyze the conversion of 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymeth ...
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Immunogenomics: Mouse to Human Translational Research (IMMUNO)

Start date: Apr 1, 2011, End date: Mar 31, 2016,

Control over the activation of the immune system is central to the key issues of human health. Autoimmunity, atopy, persistent infections and tumours all share a common root cause in a sub-optimal balance between immune activity and tolerance. At the heart of this balance are T cells, with the capacity for both activation and suppression. Research in mouse models has allowed enormous progress to b ...
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