Search for European Projects

23 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

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Biodiversity conservation has become a priority concern for both science and society. Human population growth and resource exploitation have impacted on worldwide species richness, and affecting evolutionary trajectories of species and the stability of ecosystems. The increased focus on understanding biodiversity and its sustainable use have evolved concurrently with the new genomic (next-generati ...
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How do biodiversity and ecosystem functioning respond to climate change? Currently, fundamental knowledge gaps prevent us from answering this most pressing question. Global climate is largely dependent on tropical forest functioning due to the scale of plant-driven ecosystem services that they provide (water and carbon cycling). Thus, research on tropical plants is essential to address the questio ...
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"NASSTEC will train 11 Early Stage Researchers and 1 Experienced Researcher in native seed science, conservation and use, so that environmental mitigation and adaptation projects can have increased impact. Without immediate enhancement of capacity and capability in this specific area of biodiversity science, the native seed industry in Europe will fail to develop towards the multi-million dollar m ...
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Despite being one of the most biologically diverse habitats on the planet, the description of tropical rain forests and the understanding of their evolutionary history are far from complete. Furthermore, there is an increasing need for assessing global biodiversity changes especially in tropical rainforests, due to their role as global biodiversity repositories. West Central Africa represents the ...
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Plant reproduction relies on flowers and their arrangement into inflorescence –two interrelated traits that exhibit impressive variation between plant lineages and constrain crop yields and horticultural forms. A key aim in evolutionary biology is to unravel how the modification of genetic networks has led to the diversification of reproductive plant architecture and floral form. This project addr ...
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Synthesis of systematic resources (SYNTHESYS3)

Start date: Sep 1, 2013, End date: Aug 31, 2017,

SYNTHESYS3 will create an accessible, integrated European resource for researchers in the natural sciences in Europe and globally. Building on the success of the previous SYNTHESYS IA, the NA will focus on improving collections management of new physical and virtual collections. By focusing the JRA on extracting and enhancing data from digitised collections, SYNTHESYS3 will increase the accessibil ...
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Impacts of Environmental Conditions on Seed Quality (EcoSeed)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

"Seed quality is of paramount importance to agriculture, food security and the conservation of wild species. Considerable economic losses result from sub-optimal seed performance, undermining food security and livelihoods. Seed quality is strongly influenced by the environmental stresses experienced by the mother plant. Climate change will further exacerbate economic losses and decrease the predic ...
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Cladogenesis and Niche Evolution in Madagascan Forests (MADCLADES)

Start date: May 1, 2014, End date: Apr 30, 2016,

MADCLADES will provide novel insights into the evolution of plant diversity in tropical forests, the world’s most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems. It will also provide the first substantial insights into plant diversification on Madagascar. We will study the evolutionary assembly of the island’s forests using palms (Arecaceae) as a model group. Madagascan palms (195 spp., 192 endemic) are presen ...
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Knowledge of the evolution of the grassland biome throughout the Earth's environmental history is important for the reconstruction of links between diversification/extinctions events and climate. Biomes are now being impacted by anthropogenic environmental change on an unprecedented scale, and one mean of understanding how component species will react is to study the effects of past environmental ...
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LIPARIS

Start date: Oct 31, 2011, End date: Jun 29, 2015,

The LIPARIS project aims at strengthening co-operation between stakeholders in the field of biodiversity protection on either side of the Channel, as the territories face the same problems of biodiversity degradation. Achievements: The LIPARIS project has set up a progr ...
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... portance. However, due to pressures associated with desertification, many of Jordan's plant habitats are threatened or on the verge of extinction. About 35% of all Jordanian flora can be found at the Royal Botanic Garden of Jordan (RBG). RBG is the only botanical garden in Jordan. It was established by the Ministry of Environment to implement the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity and its mis ...
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Biodiversity core data and information constitutes an important source of knowledge for many disciplines. In order to facilitate access to this knowledge, technical and semantic interoperability barriers need to be addressed.The objectives of Pro-iBiosphere are, to: a) Coordinate towards and prepare the foundations for a long-term viable, evolving knowledge management, aggregation and integration ...
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Opening up the Natural History Heritage for Europeana (OpenUp!)

Start date: Mar 1, 2011, End date: Feb 28, 2014,

European natural history collections manage and give access to over 1.5 bn objects from the world's biodiversity heritage, covering most of the species described worldwide. These are reference objects for all the common and famous species in the world, incl. those of high economic importance and even those that have already gone extinct. Many have great cultural value as they were collected during ...
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Palm harvest impacts in tropical forests (PALMS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2009, End date: Dec 31, 2013,

"Tropical forests harbour thousands of useful plants which are harvested and used in subsistence economies or traded in local, regional or international markets. The effect on the ecosystem is little known, and the forests’ resilience is badly understod. Palms are the most useful group of plants in tropical American forests and we will study the effect of extraction and trade of palms on forest in ...
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The science education community agrees that pedagogical practices based on IBSE methods are more effective. But the reality on the ground is different. For various reasons, this type of teaching is not practiced in most European classrooms. INSPIRE counteract this by developing and offering a one-year practically based IBSE teacher training course that will reach out to hundreds of teachers, and i ...
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Indexing for Life (i4Life)

Start date: Nov 1, 2010, End date: Oct 31, 2013,

Partners to this proposal include the six major global programmes exploring the full extent of species diversity, a core dimension in human knowledge of global biodiversity.They are: GBIF and distribution modelling, the EBI/INDSC, and Barcode of Life initiatives and molecular diversity, IUCN Red Lists and the species conservation movement, and the Species 2000 Catalogue of Life taxonomic framework ...
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Synthesis of Systematic Resources (SYNTHESYS)

Start date: Sep 1, 2009, End date: Aug 31, 2013,

SYNTHESYS IA will aid in the evolution of a European resource through the creation an accessible, integrated infrastructure for researchers in the natural sciences in Europe and globally. By focusing the JRA on DNA extraction, SYNTHESYS IA will increase the opportunities for Users to exploit a largely untapped facet of the 337 million strong collections. Users will be able to play an active role ...
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... f flowering plants was found in an isolated southern continent now vanished, the spatial aspect of their origin has been neglected. In this project conducted with the support of Dr F. Forest from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (UK), the applicant wish to address the following questions pertaining to the spatial origin of angiosperms: 1) Was the proto-South-East (SE) Asian continent, formed by land ...
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"In contrast to the reductionist approach of Western medicine that is based on modern anatomy, cell and molecular biology, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) uses a unique theory system and an individualised and holistic approach to describe health and disease, based on the philosophy of Yin-Yang balance and an emphasis on harmony of functions. These two medicine systems disagree with each other i ...
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Distributed Dynamic Diversity Databases for Life (4D4Life)

Start date: May 1, 2009, End date: Jul 31, 2012,

A coherent classification and species checklist of the world's plants, animals, fungi and microbes is fundamental for accessing information about biodiversity. The Catalogue of Life provides the world with a unique service: a dynamically updated global index of validated scientific names, synonyms and common names integrated within a single taxonomic hierarchy.The Catalogue of Life was initiated a ...
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A Pan-European Species-directories Infrastructure (PESI)

Start date: May 1, 2008, End date: Apr 30, 2011,

PESI provides standardised and authoritative taxonomic information by integrating and securing Europe's taxonomically authoritative species name registers and nomenclators (name databases) that underpin the management of biodiversity in Europe.PESI defines and coordinates strategies to enhance the quality and reliability of European biodiversity information by integrating the infrastructural compo ...
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Hybridization and polyploidization are now recognized as major phenomena in the evolution of plants, promoting genetic diversity, adaptive radiation and speciation. New findings suggest that the interactions of the combined genomes in allopolyploids induce waves of genetic and epigenetic alterations that have the potential to result in novel expression patterns and new phenotypes.Such novelties, i ...
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The Cape Floral Region supports the richest temperate flora in the world, with 9,000 species of which around 70% are endemic. The species to genus ratio is one of the highest, even exceeding those of oceanic islands such as Hawaii and New Zealand. Despite considerable literature that has been produced on the subject, the reasons for this amazingly high level of diversity are not yet fully understo ...
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