Search for European Projects

33 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 

Ontogenetic transcriptome evolution in tetrapods (OntoTransEvol)

Start date: Feb 1, 2015, End date: Jan 31, 2020,

A central goal in evolutionary biology is to understand the molecular changes responsible for phenotypic differences between species, in particular those that have arisen among mammals. Phenotypic evolution is thought to be largely founded on developmental gene regulatory changes, which determine species-specific tissue morphologies and thus lay the foundation for their typical physiological prope ...
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 2

 ONGOING 

Light Field Imaging and Analysis (LIA)

Start date: Jul 1, 2014, End date: Jun 30, 2019,

One of the most fundamental challenges in computer vision is to reliably establish correspondence - how to match a location in one image to its counterpart in another. It lies at the heart of numerous important problems, for example stereo, optical flow, tracking and the reconstruction of scene geometry from several photographs. The most popular approaches to solve these problems are based on the ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Formation of the First Stars (STARLIGHT)

Start date: Feb 1, 2014, End date: Jan 31, 2019,

"The appearance of the first stars marked a primary transition in cosmic history. Their light ended the so-called “dark ages”, and they played a key role in the metal enrichment and the reionization of the Universe, thereby shaping the galaxies we see today. Understanding high-redshift star formation is central to many areas of modern astrophysics. However, studying stellar birth in the early Univ ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Despite the critical importance of a precisely formed vascular network within the central nervous system (CNS), little is known about the molecular mechanisms that specifically control CNS vascularization. While other embryonic tissues undergo primary vascularization, the CNS becomes secondarily vascularized by sprouting angiogenesis from a previously formed vascular plexus. Angiogenesis within th ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"This multidisciplinary project comprising archaeology, history, geochemistry, and geology aims at the decipherment of the enigma of the origin of a material that emerged in the third millennium BCE and gave an entire cultural epoch its name, namely the alloy of copper and tin called bronze. While copper deposits are relatively widely distributed there are only very few tin deposits known in the O ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
The future being uncertain, forecasts ought to be probabilistic in nature, taking the form of probability distributions over future quantities or events. Accordingly, a transdisciplinary transition from point forecasts to probabilistic forecasts is well under way. The ScienceFore project seeks to provide guidance and leadership in this transition, by developing the theoretical foundations of the ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Experience and Teleology in Ancient Narrative (AncNar)

Start date: Feb 1, 2013, End date: Jan 31, 2018,

The last two decades have seen fascinating attempts to establish new narratologies, basing narratology on cognitive science or coupling it with other approaches such as postcolonial studies. While appreciating that these attempts have raised questions beyond the limits of structuralist narratology, critics have noted that by doing so they tend to abandon narratology’s strength, that is its analyti ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
The multi-disciplinary CUPESSE project carries out a comparative analysis of both the demand and supply side of youth unemployment in eleven Member States of the EU and Associated Countries (i.e. Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom). These ten countries represent the main empirical scope of the project, but whenever ...
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 14

 FINISHED 
"Being able to enhance and tune the interaction of a light wave with a molecule or nanoparticle on a fundamental level opens up an exciting range of applications such as more efficient solar cells, more sensitive photon detectors and brighter emitters for lighting applications. Nanoplasmonics promises to offer this level of control. Taking the current knowledge on nanoantennas a step further we wi ...
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 2

 FINISHED 

Manipulating and Imaging Stem Cells at Work (ManISteC)

Start date: Apr 1, 2012, End date: Mar 31, 2017,

Stem cells are promise and threat at the same time. To understand how stem cells act it is crucial to study their behavior in their natural context. Following and manipulating an individual stem cell and its descendants on their path to differentiation has so far not been possible. We have recently developed new microscopy and image analysis tools that allow long term in vivo observations. Novel g ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"Functional Renormalization provides a bridge from fundamentalmicrophysical laws to macroscopic complexity and observations. Actinglike a ""theoretical microscope"" with variable resolution, it includes ina stepwise procedure the fluctuation effects which are responsible forthe emergence of complexity. It describes macroscopic phenomena that are notdirectly visible on the microscopic level as orde ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
As sessile organisms, plants are exposed to extreme variations in the environment over the course of their lives. Since plants initiate new organs continuously, they have to modulate the underlying developmental program to cope with this challenge. At the heart of this extraordinary developmental plasticity are pluripotent stem cells, which are maintained during the entire life-cycle and that are ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Industrial food production serves to satisfy basic human needs and the dairy industry accounts with 13% turnover for the total food and drink industry in Europe. The aim of the project SUSMILK is to initialise a system change within the whole process chain for market milk and milk products to minimise energy and water consumption and establish renewable energy resources. Milk processing is charact ...
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 22

 FINISHED 

Role of Angiogenic Factors in Neurodevelopment (NEUROVASCULAR LINK)

Start date: Mar 1, 2012, End date: Oct 17, 2016,

Despite their distinct functions, the nervous and vascular systems share many more similarities and common principles than previously anticipated2. For example, factors involved in the development of the nervous system are also known to regulate blood vessel formation3. Conversely, the key angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A, termed from hereon VEGF), as well as other mem ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Cell-to-cell communication is a central aspect for understanding how cells form and organize multi-cellular communities involving progressive cell specialization. Multi-cellularity cell specialization cell communication those keywords are frequently used to distinguish metazoans from bacteria. Yet bacteria can form morphologically complex multi-cellular communities, they can non-genetically ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Three-Component Fermi Gas Lattice Experiment (3FLEX)

Start date: Aug 1, 2011, End date: Jul 31, 2016,

"Understanding the many-body physics of strongly correlated systems has always been a major challenge for theoretical and experimental physics. The recent advances in the field of ultracold quantum gases have opened a completely new way to study such strongly correlated systems. It is now feasible to use ultracold gases as quantum simulators for such diverse systems such as the Hubbard model or th ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"Think about an enantioselective catalyst, which can switch its enantioselectivity and which can be imprinted and provides self-amplification by its own chiral reaction product. Think about a catalyst, which can be fine-tuned for efficient stereoselective synthesis of drugs and other materials, e.g. polymers.Highly promising reactions such as enantioselective autocatalysis (Soai reaction) and chir ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Cells in intestinal epithelia turn over rapidly due to aging, damage, and toxins produced by the enteric microbiota. Gut homeostasis is maintained by intestinal stem cells (ISCs) that divide to renew the intestinal epithelium, but little is known about how ISC division and differentiation are coordinated with the loss of spent gut epithelial cells. This proposal addresses the mechanisms of dynamic ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Measurement of CP violation in the B_s system at LHCb (ASYMMETRY)

Start date: Jan 1, 2011, End date: Dec 31, 2015,

The Large Hadron collider (LHC) at CERN will be a milestone for the understanding of fundamental interactions and for the future of high energyphysics. Four large experiments at the LHC are complementarily addressing the question of the origin of our Universe by searching for so-called New Physics.The world of particles and their interactions is nowadays described by the Standard Model. Up to now ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Terror and its social and cultural effects are the most unspeakable and traumatic facts of the 20th and 21st centuries. The two-fold argument is that terror a) operates and perpetuates itself by means of fantastic narratives, and b) is one of the characteristic elements evoked by the fantastic genre. This project seeks to investigate the interdependency of fantastic narrative and the historical ph ...
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 2

 FINISHED 
The Collaborative and Sustainable Astronomical Data Infrastructure for Europe (CoSADIE) project will undertake actions aimed at designing a sustainable version of the already successful European Virtual Observatory (Euro-VO). The concept of a Virtual Observatory (VObs or VO) is that all the world's astronomical data should feel like they sit on the astronomer's desktop workspace, analysable with a ...
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 6

 FINISHED 
When embedded in a suitable environment, excited or ionized atoms and molecules can hand over their excess energy to their neighbors extremely efficiently via the interatomic (intermolecular) Coulombic decay (ICD) mechanisms. The ICD has been predicted theoretically by the applicant and co-workers and has recently found full confirmation in a series of spectacular experiments. The theoretical and ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Adaptation is a characteristic of life. Changes in gene expression allow cells and organisms to transform signals from the environment into long-lasting adaptive responses that range from learning and memory, addiction and chronic pain, to immunity and plant-microbe symbiosis. The project is based on the idea that the rules and signals governing the rich repertoire of adaptations are simple and us ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
This project examines the formation and differentiation of princely elites in pre-modern European rank societies. The project concentrates on the late Middle Ages (1200–1500), a key period in these processes, with geographic focus on the Empire and England. In both polities new princely elites emerged during this period. Yet, they did so in the context of the establishment of two different monarch ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
Quantum information science and atom optics are among the most active fields in modern physics. In recent years, many theoretical efforts have been made to combine these two fields. Recent experimental progresses have shown the in-principle possibility to perform scalable quantum information processing (QIP) with linear optics and atomic ensembles. The main purpose of the present project is to use ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Affording Recovery In Stroke (ARISE)

Start date: Mar 1, 2008, End date: Aug 31, 2013,

"Stroke poses a massive clinical, social and economic burden, yet we have very limited effective therapies. This inadequacy is in spite of intensive research efforts and numerous failed clinical trials. Leading European stroke researchers and clinicians with a track record of established cooperation will share their complementary expertise, and team up with SME partners with high profile R&D and o ...
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 17

 FINISHED 
The aim of this transdisciplinary project is to develop and analyse multiscale mathematical models of pattern formation in multicellular systems controlled by the dynamics of intracellular signalling pathways and cell-to-cell communication and to develop new mathematical methods for the modelling of such complex processes. This aim will be achieved through a close collaboration with experimental g ...
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 1

 FINISHED 

Iwasawa theory of p-adic Lie extensions (Iwasawa)

Start date: Jul 1, 2008, End date: Jun 30, 2013,

One of the most challenging topics in modern number theory is the mysterious relation between special values of L-functions and Galois cohomology: they are the “shadows” in the two completely different worlds of complex and p-adic analysis of one and the same geometric object, viz the space of solutions for a given diophantine equation over the integral numbers, or more generally a motive M. The m ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
The objective of this innovation project is the development of a marketable technique that combines information technology and chemical analysis by the use of multiplexing to inherently increase the sample throughput in high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). High-throughput measurements are desired in the continuous analysis of fine chemicals, drugs, and to discover new catalysts for susta ...
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 1

 FINISHED 
"EUROECOTOX is a Coordination Action which aims at supporting and accelerating the development and use of alternative ecotoxicology methods and strategies in Europe in order to reduce or replace the use of laboratory animals, particularly those used for regulatory testing. For this, a network will be created (EUROECOTOX network) formed by European R&D groups from universities, public research inst ...
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 8

 FINISHED 
From many perspectives our concept of the process of metastasis is inadequate and needs to be revised. In particular, the potential impact of recent ideas about the cellular basis of tumor growth (cancer stem cells) and the establishment by remote tumors of special permissive microenvironments in target organs prior to metastasis (metastatic niches) remains to be explored. In the TuMIC project we ...
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 14

 FINISHED 
The HYPERImage project will develop a novel hybrid system for simultaneous whole-body PET/MR imaging for humans. It will advance the required Time-of-Flight (ToF) PET technology, and the software for MR mediated compensation of motion artefacts. The hybrid system will be validated in pre-clinical and initial clinical studies, for exemplary applications in cardiovascular diseases, and in breast can ...
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 8

 FINISHED 

Euro-VO Astronomical Infrastructure for Data Access (EuroVO-AIDA)

Start date: Feb 1, 2008, End date: Jul 31, 2010,

EuroVO-AIDA aims at unifying the digital data collections of European astronomy, integrating their access mechanisms with evolving e-technologies, and enhancing the science extracted from these datasets. The concept of a Virtual Observatory (VObs) is that all the world's astronomical data should feel like it sits on the astronomer's desk top, analysable with a user selected workbench of tools and ...
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 11