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Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
A common strategy of bacterial pathogens is active or passive uptake into host cells. There, they can localize within a bacterial containing vacuole (BCV) or access the host cytoplasm through BCV rupture. Hence, intracellular pathogens are often classified as vacuole-bound or cytoplasmic. Recently, this definition has been challenged by the discovery that many vacuole-bound pathogens, including My ...
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 ONGOING 
Macrophages are professional phagocytic cells that orchestrate homeostatic and innate immune functions, via the scavenging of cells, debris, and pathogens, and the production of cytokines, both concurring to tissue homeostasis and repair. This project aims to investigate in vivo the development and functions of macrophages, which have considerable phenotypic and functional diversity depending on t ...
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 ONGOING 
An infection is defined by the deleterious consequences of the interactions between a pathogen and a host. Thus, studying the biology of infection reveals critical properties of hosts and pathogens, and is a way forward to address basic biological questions and improve health.We study listeriosis, a systemic infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). Lm is a human foodborne pathogen that cro ...
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 ONGOING 
How does the brain distinguish between memories that closely resemble each other? The hippocampal dentate gyrus has been suggested to serve this purpose by generating non-overlapping memory representations in a process termed “pattern separation”. Intriguingly, during adult life, the dentate gyrus is constantly supplied with new neurons, providing new circuit elements that can incorporate into the ...
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 ONGOING 
Recent discoveries clearly show that non-retroviral RNA viruses, despite not coding for reverse transcriptase and integrase, can transfer genetic material to their hosts, similarly to DNA viruses and retroviruses. The distribution of non-retroviral integrated RNA viruses (NIRVs) in host populations, mechanisms of NIRVs formation and effects on hosts are unclear. The main objective of this proposal ...
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 ONGOING 

Regulation of cell size and shape in bacteria (RCSB)

Start date: Apr 1, 2016, End date: Mar 31, 2021,

Proper cell size and shape are important for many biological functions, such as metabolism, signaling, motility, and development. This proposal addresses the fundamental question of how bacteria control their morphology and their cell volume with high precision, using the rod-like bacterium Escherichia coli as a primary model system. Bacterial cell shape is physically determined during growth by t ...
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 ONGOING 
CRISPR-Cas loci are the adaptive immune system of archaea and bacteria. They can capture pieces of invading DNA and use this information to degrade target DNA through the action of RNA-guided nucleases. The consequences of DNA cleavage by Cas nucleases, i.e. how breaks are processed and whether they can be repaired, remains to be investigated. A better understanding of the interplay between DNA r ...
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 ONGOING 

Mechanisms of epigenetic inheritance by short RNAs (RNAEPIGEN)

Start date: Feb 1, 2016, End date: Jan 31, 2021,

Epigenetic mechanisms are considered to be central to the development of multicellular organisms made of different cell types, all having identical genomes. Similarly, they may explain how genetically identical organisms are capable of adapting to distinct environmental conditions. Yet, the molecular mechanisms regulating how epigenetic traits can be inherited during cell division or across genera ...
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 ONGOING 

SustainAble Farming for Effective Aquaculture (SAFE-Aqua)

Start date: Jan 1, 2017, End date: Dec 31, 2020,

... SAFE-Aqua will synergize the cutting-edge technology platforms, multidisciplinary and complementary expertise, as well as infrastructure from networks of the partnership among the leading research institutes in France, UK and Thailand and a synthetic biology company in Spain. The outcomes of SAFE-Aqua will undoubtedly help improve competitiveness of EU aquaculture industry whose growth has been r ...
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 ONGOING 
The INFRAFRONTIER RI integrates European Mouse Clinics and the European Mouse Mutant Archive with the common goal to ensure access to mouse models for basic research of human health and disease, and to translate this knowledge into therapeutic approaches for the benefit of the European society. The expanded INFRAFRONTIER2020 network, coordinated by the INFRAFRONTIER GmbH, includes 3 SMEs and is st ...
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 ONGOING 
This proposal sprang from European scientists in both academia and industry who identified a common challenge: setting up a training frame to educate the next generation of imagers in complex biological systems (healthy & pathological), so they are able to master all major aspects of this competitive field and bring important innovations to universities and companies.The long-term goal of any init ...
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 11

 ONGOING 
Many HIV vaccine concepts and several efficacy trials have been conducted in the prophylactic and therapeutic fields with limited success. There is an urgent need to develop better vaccines and tools predictive of immunogenicity and of correlates of protection at early stage of vaccine development to mitigate the risks of failure. To address these complex and challenging scientific issues, the Eur ...
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 ONGOING 
COSYN integrates outstanding European academic and three large Pharma to exploit genomic findings for intellectual disability (ID), autism, and schizophrenia. We capitalise on comorbidity, from clinic to cells and synapses, and have access to large existing samples. We focus on rare genetic variants of strong effect in patients with clinical comorbidity. Our aims are: (1) Understand comorbidity by ...
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 ONGOING 
Genetic tractability of bacterial cells allows generating synthetic microbial chassis platforms (SMCPs) with remarkable biotechnological applications but their functionality currently faces important off-genome limitations due to deficient protein-protein interactions, unfavorable protein stoichiometry or generation of toxic intermediates that ultimately compromise the industrial production proces ...
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 ONGOING 
The goal of this multidisciplinary project is to comprehensively characterise high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGS-OvCa) at single-cell level, identify the best combination of drug combination to kill HGS-OvCa populations and commercialise a predictive biomarker kit for finding the right therapeutic regimen to the right patient.This project takes an advantage on prospectively and longitudinally ...
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 ONGOING 
Common mechanisms and pathways in Stroke and Alzheimer's disease.It has long been recognized that stroke and (Alzheimer’s Disease) AD often co-occur and have an overlapping pathogenesis. As such, these two diseases are not considered fellow travelers, but rather partners in crime. This multidisciplinary consortium includes epidemiologists, geneticists, radiologists, neurologists with a longstandin ...
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 ONGOING 
The survival of organisms requires the ability to repair tissues upon injury, as well as, after birth, to fight foreign invaders that may have contaminated the wound. This last function is mediated by a complex host response involving immune cells, blood vessels and inflammatory mediators that collectively intend to neutralize the harmful agent and eliminate damaged/necrotic tissue. Initially bene ...
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 ONGOING 

Institut Pasteur International Docotal Program (PASTEURDOC)

Start date: Oct 1, 2015, End date: Sep 30, 2020,

PASTEURDOC is an advanced educational and research program, hosted by the Institut Pasteur in Paris. Its goal is to train junior investigators possessing medical and/or scientific educational backgrounds to become future leaders in academic education and research institutions, international organizations, private companies, or administration. PASTEURDOC is intended to co-fund and advance the alrea ...
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 ONGOING 

Unraveling Principles of PDZ-mediated Cell Signaling (PDZnet)

Start date: Sep 1, 2016, End date: Aug 31, 2020,

... tific and transferable skills, the students will receive an interdisciplinary, intersectoral and innovative doctoral training from experienced industrial and academic leaders in well-reputed European Institutions.
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 ONGOING 

Virus-X: Viral Metagenomics for Innovation Value (Virus-X)

Start date: Apr 1, 2016, End date: Mar 31, 2020,

Biological sequence diversity in nowhere as apparent as in the vast sequence space of viral genomes. The Virus-X project will specifically explore the outer realms of this diversity by targeting the virosphere of selected microbial ecosystems and investigate the encoded functional variety of viral gene products. The project is driven by the expected large innovation value and unique properties of ...
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 ONGOING 

Zoonotic Anticipation and Preparedness Initiative (ZAPI)

Start date: Mar 1, 2015, End date: Feb 29, 2020,

... niting the human medical and veterinary fields, dedicated to swiftly controlling upon emergence pathogens both at the source and in the human population. In this project, human and veterinary medical institutions, governmental regulatory agencies, expert academic groups and industrial partners, building on existing EU-funded consortia and initiatives, collaborate in establishing a universal platfo ...
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 ONGOING 

Accelerated Early staGe drug diScovery (AEGIS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2016, End date: Dec 31, 2019,

... ovation environment for innovative drug development in Europe. It is supported by several additional partners and stakeholders in the field. Integrated training of the fellows takes place at the host institute and by secondments, research schools and individual training within the AEGIS network. The scientific training includes complementary skills, management, intellectual property rights, fund r ...
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 ONGOING 

Dynamics of the RNAi-mediated antiviral immunity (RNAiMMUNITY)

Start date: Jan 1, 2015, End date: Dec 31, 2019,

RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved sequence-specific, gene-silencing mechanism that is induced by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). Double-stranded RNA is commonly generated during viral replication and is considered to be a molecular pattern associated with viral infection. Our previous work demonstrated that viral infections in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster are countered by an antiviral R ...
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 ONGOING 
The ability of cells to polarize underlies the most basic biological functions such as motility and response to external challenges, but also the formation and maintenance of tissues in a multicellular organism. The importance of cell polarity is underscored by the fact that cell polarity is essential for animal development and is perturbed in disease states such as cancer. Understanding cell pola ...
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 ONGOING 

Characterization of zebrafish innate lymphoid cells and IL-22 (ZF-ILC)

Start date: Sep 1, 2017, End date: Aug 31, 2019,

The immune system can be subdivided into two main arms: the innate and the adaptive. Recently, it was identified a new family of cells belonging to the innate system but that phenotypically and functionally resemble the specific subtypes of adaptive T lymphocytes. In mice and in humans, these innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) play critical roles in host defense, in shaping the microbiota and in tissue ...
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 ONGOING 
... LIXIR - the European life science Infrastructure for Biological Information - is a distributed organisation comprising national bioinformatics research infrastructures and the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI). This coordinated infrastructure includes data standards, exchange, interoperability, storage, security and training.Recognising the importance of a data foundation for European l ...
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 ONGOING 
Vector-borne diseases are major worldwide threats. Specifically, mosquito-borne diseases from the flavivirus genus such as West Nile and dengue viruses are raising major concerns on human health. There are few or no treatment/vaccine strategies to fight these viruses and the relatively poor knowledge of their life cycle (entry and egress) contributes to the deficit in treatment possibilities. A de ...
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 FINISHED 
Marine (blue) biotechnology is the key to unlocking the huge economic potential of the unique biodiversity of marine organisms. This potential remains largely underexploited due to lack of connectivity between research services, practical and cultural difficulties in connecting science with industry, and high fragmentation of regional research, development and innovation (RDI) policies. To overcom ...
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 FINISHED 
Limb defects, which are amongst the most frequent congenital malformations in humans, are the result of deviation in normal developmental program deployment affecting limb specification, initiation or patterning. In most cases the mechanisms underlying limb abnormalities are, at the best, poorly defined. This is in part due because despite considerable advances in our understanding of normal limb ...
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 FINISHED 

European Virus Archive goes global (EVAg)

Start date: Apr 1, 2015, End date: Mar 31, 2019,

The overall objective will be to create and mobilise an International network of high calibre centres around a strong European group of institutes selected for their appropriate expertises, to collect, amplify, characterise, standardise, authenticate, distribute and track, mammalian and other exotic viruses. The network of EVAg laboratories including 25 institutions represents an extensive range o ...
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 FINISHED 

Decrypting signals in the crypt (DECRYPT)

Start date: Apr 1, 2014, End date: Mar 31, 2019,

Pathogens and symbionts: War and Peace at mucosal surface in intestinal crypts.In the proposed program called DECRYPT, I wish to strengthen novel orientations of our laboratory aimed at decrypting the dialogue between the microbiota and the host, while keeping a balance with the study of pathogens, both being analyzed at their interface with the gut mucosa to further our knowledge of the homeostat ...
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 FINISHED 
My group has made seminal contributions in the past toward understanding the mechanism of membrane fusion used by enveloped viruses to infect a cell. This aim of this ERC grant proposal is to achieve similar breakthroughs in understanding fusion between cells, both during fertilization and organogenesis. This proposal is based in recent important results not yet published.We have determined the cr ...
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 FINISHED 
The development of new methodologies advancing the state of the art in foodborne pathogen detection is a challenge for scientists and technologists as well as food industry and consumers. This project aims to meet the challenge by providing a reliable and versatile solution thanks to the convergence of micro-nano-bio systems. The work capitalizes on several innovative concepts which have already b ...
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 FINISHED 
Far from receding, the threats posed by infections with epidemic potential grow ever greater. Although Europe has amongst the best healthcare systems in the world, and also the world’s supreme researchers in this field, we lack co-ordination and linkage between networks that is required to respond fast to new threats. This consortium of consortia will streamline our response, using primary and sec ...
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 FINISHED 
Interactions between cells and mobile elements such as viruses and plasmids (the mobilome) have played a major role in life evolution. However, up to now, evolutionary studies have mainly focused on cellular genomes (building species trees). My project is to reconstruct the history of interaction between cells, plasmids and viruses (PVs) at the domain level to answer questions such as: to which ex ...
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 FINISHED 
Bacterial endospores are the most resistant life-forms on earth and the most important single feature of the genus Clostridium. Thus, whilst the pathogenesis of its notorious pathogens (C. botulinum, C. perfringens and C. difficile) is ascribed to the devastating toxins produced (neurotoxins, endotoxins and cytotoxins), it is their capacity to produce spores that lies at the heart of the diseases ...
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 FINISHED 

Human Antibody Responses to Viruses (HumAntiViruses)

Start date: Jan 1, 2014, End date: Dec 31, 2018,

In addition to polyreactive “natural antibodies” that act as the first line of defense against invading pathogens, “humoral memory” is composed of high affinity antibodies that mediate long-lived immunity against infectious agents, e.g., providing protection against re-infection. The molecular dissection of anti-pathogen B-cell responses using modern technologies to generate specific monoclonal an ...
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 FINISHED 
The TBVAC2020 proposal builds on the highly successful and long-standing collaborations in subsequent EC-FP5-, FP6- and FP7-funded TB vaccine and biomarker projects, but also brings in a large number of new key partners from excellent laboratories from Europe, USA, Asia, Africa and Australia, many of which are global leaders in the TB field. This was initiated by launching an open call for Express ...
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 FINISHED 
TwinnToInfect will provide IMM with the opportunity to integrate the European circle of research excellence institutions by cementing a sustainable science, technology and innovation network with two internationally-leading organisations in the immunity and infection area of research, the Institut Pasteur and the Francis Crick Institute. The strategy of TwinnToInfect, based on science- and innovat ...
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 FINISHED 
Aim: The ADVANCE vision is focused on Timely and Best Evidence on Vaccine Effects. Our mission is to establish a best practice framework to rapidly provide robust data on vaccine benefits and risks to support accelerated decision-making.Approach: To achieve this vision through a public-private partnership, ADVANCE partners 1. establish common grounds and rules for collaboration between public and ...
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