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Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 FINISHED 

The Evolution of Cognitive Performance (EVOCOGN)

Start date: Mar 1, 2014, End date: Feb 28, 2019,

"I aim to determine how cognitive abilities evolve under natural selection; one of the most important, yet poorly understood issues in modern biology. Comparative studies inform us how species differ, and hence, one can infer selective pressures. However, studies of how heritable inter-individual cognitive differences determine fitness in the face of natural selection are absent. I will use method ...
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CDREG develops the major new Earth system science research hypothesis that tectonic-related variations in Earth’s atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]a) drive negative ecological feedbacks on terrestrial silicate weathering rates that stabilise further [CO2]a change and regulate climate. This paradigm-changing hypothesis integrates ecological and abiotic controls on silicate weathering to underst ...
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 5

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Industry and Doctoral Training in Vote Advice Applications (VOTEADVICE)

Start date: May 1, 2014, End date: Apr 30, 2018,

"Doctoral and Industry Training in Voting Advice ApplicationsIn a review of current survey research, Roger Tourangeau (2004) wrote that “Surveys reflect societal change in a way that few other research tools do” (p775). Surveys and the analyses of survey responses are the bread and butter of research into the most challenging social problems. However, the random probability sample survey is sensit ...
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 2

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"Modelling stars and planets in three dimensions is the holy grail of stellar and planetary astrophysics and is now the necessary step forward in stellar evolution. It is the only way to proceed in order to correctly understand the various physical processes which rule the life of a star or a planet. The heart of the TOFU project is the development of an unique numerical tool, namely a three dimen ...
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 2

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Law and Language at the ECJ (LLECJ)

Start date: Feb 1, 2013, End date: Nov 30, 2017,

This project will examine the production of the multilingual jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ), aiming to elaborate a new understanding of the development of EU 'constitutional law'. The development of a rule of law within the EU is due in a large part to the judicial pronouncements of the ECJ. To date there has been no study which has taken account of the fact th ...
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 2

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High-End cLimate Impacts and eXtremes (HELIX)

Start date: Nov 1, 2013, End date: Oct 31, 2017,

"With the target of limiting global warming to 2ºC increasingly difficult to achieve, policymakers, businesses and other decision-makers need to plan to adapt to changes in climate under higher levels of global warming. This requires coherent information on the future climate conditions, and the consequences of different adaptation actions. International negotiations on limiting global warming a ...
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 17

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Modelling star formation in the local universe (LOCALSTAR)

Start date: Nov 1, 2011, End date: May 31, 2017,

The goal of this proposal is to revolutionize our understanding of star formation in nearby galaxies, using numerical simulations. Traditionally, research in star formation has considered the contraction of a giant molecular cloud (GMC), or more commonly a star forming core, under gravity. However there has been relatively little research on molecular clouds themselves, even though they provide th ...
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Ecological effects of light pollution (ECOLIGHT)

Start date: May 1, 2011, End date: Apr 30, 2017,

"The last 100 years have seen the dramatic spread of an evolutionarily unprecedented environmental change. Across huge areas, the spatial patterns and temporal cycles of light and dark that have previously remained approximately constant have been disrupted by the introduction of artificial night-time lights. This raises major concerns, given that light and dark provide critical resources and envi ...
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The NanoMILE project is conceived and led by an international elite of scientists from the EU and US with the aim to establish a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of nanomaterial interactions with living systems and the environment, and uniquely to do so across the entire life cycle of nanomaterials and in a wide range of target species. Identification of critical properties (physico-che ...
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"The project aims to identify the key semi-natural habitats (SNH), outside and within crops, providing essential ecological services (ES). Vegetation traits will be linked to potential ES provision, case studies will measure actual ES levels and inform models which will show unused opportunities and trade-offs among ES by SNH from habitat to landscape scale. This will be achieved for a range of re ...
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 14

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The EC is committed to a research and innovation policy that drives ‘smart, sustainable and inclusive growth’. The I4S training network is designed to study sustainability-driven innovation (SDI) in support of this objective. This is much needed as SDI is poorly understood, with companies only now experimenting with practice in this emerging field. This provides opportunity for a new program of r ...
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 9

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Peroxisomes: key to cell performance and health (PERFUME)

Start date: Jan 1, 2013, End date: Dec 31, 2016,

The PERFUME (PERoxisome Formation, Function, MEtabolism) program is an interdisciplinary and intersectoral ITN providing state-of-the-art research training at the interface of medicine, plant and fungal biology. The PERFUME S&T specifically aims at unraveling the principles of peroxisome biology.Peroxisomes have been discovered relatively recently (in 1954). Consequently, the level of understandin ...
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 12

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In recent years it has become clear that mid-IR imaging spectroscopy has the potential to open a new chapter in bio-medical imaging and offers an effective tool for early cancer diagnosis and improved survival rates. Rather than a search for "cancer marker" absorption peaks, great progress has been made by analysing the entire bio-molecular mid-IR spectral signature using automated algorithms. How ...
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 14

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Fresh water of sufficient quality for human consumption is becoming a scarce resource and its availability is a concerning issue in India whose growing wealth and population create increasing needs leading to higher water consumption while quality standards for drinking water are being enhanced. In this context the overall objective of Water4India consists in studying the different centralized and ...
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"Type 1 diabetes is caused by an inflammatory process which damage insulin-producing beta-cells in the pancreas. It is one of the most common chronic diseases and its incidence is rapidly increasing. Due to its complications it causes a significant medical and economic burden to European society. A causal association between enterovirus and type 1 diabetes has become more and more likely. The aim ...
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 14

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Exploring the physics of Proto-stars and Extra-solar PlanetS (PEPS)

Start date: Jun 1, 2010, End date: May 31, 2016,

"The PEPS project is dedicated to the understanding of low-mass star, brown dwarf and giant planet formation and evolution and to the characterization of their internal structure and observable properties. The aim is to develop a sound theoretical foundation and a new generation of modelling tools, in close interaction with observing and experimental programs. The ultimate goal of the project is t ...
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 3

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Monitoring of Structural Performance (MOSP)

Start date: Nov 1, 2013, End date: Oct 31, 2015,

The proposal has symbiotic parallel objectives in career development and technical innovation. On the career development side the objective is to support the fellow in attaining a leading independent position after the fellowship. The technological objective is to develop the next generation of bridge monitoring technology.The fellow has 10 years postgraduate experience in both research and indust ...
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Offshore Renewable Conversion systems are mostly at the pre-commercial stage of development. They comprise wave energy and tidal stream converters as well as offshore wind turbines for electrical generation. These devices require research to be undertaken at a series of scales along the path to commercialization. Each technology type is currently at a different stage of development but each one al ...
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 29

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Historical and sociological studies show the importance of the material culture of science, including external representations, tools and instruments, and the physical layout of the laboratory. And yet these aspects of science are often assumed to be incidental to scientific reasoning itself. Recent developments in cognitive science challenge this assumption, revealing that many cognitive tasks ar ...
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 2

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Nanoscale objects interact with living organisms in a fundamentally new manner, ensuring that a fruitful marriage of nanotechnology and biology will long outlast short term imperatives. Therefore, investment in an infrastructure to drive scientific knowledge of the highest quality will have both immediate benefits of supporting the safety assessment of legacy nanomaterials, as well as pointing tow ...
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 33

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Transitions to the Urban Water Services of Tomorrow (TRUST)

Start date: May 1, 2011, End date: Apr 30, 2015,

The European project initiative TRUST will produce knowledge and guidance to support TRansitions to Urban Water Services of Tomorrow, enabling communities to achieve sustainable, low-carbon water futures without compromising service quality. We deliver this ambition through close collaboration with problem owners in ten participating pilot city regions under changing and challenging conditions in ...
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There is a strong need for new thermostable hydrolases with appropriate performance and/or novel functionalities that could provide huge savings in time, money and energy for industrial processes. The HotZyme project aims to identify such enzymes from hot terrestial environments, using metagenomic screening methods. New bioinfomatic tools will be developed to facilitate function prediction of gene ...
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"The causes of global decline of amphibian population is still unclear, however it is apparent that this animal group is susceptible to opportunistic infections. Two important infectious agents have been identified: a fungus and a virus, both of which are responsible for mass mortalities. However, since 2003, new mass mortality events have been recorded through out the USA and have been attributed ...
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"Throughout the last hundred thousand years, Europe has experienced rapid swings in climate. Some of these changes have been of the order of 5-10°C in only a few decades. The cause of these changes lies in the oceanography of the North Atlantic Ocean. The Gulf Stream transports vast amounts of heat from the Tropics and releases it into Europe, maintaining a warm climate. However, this surface curr ...
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 1

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Emoting the Embodied Mind (EMOTER)

Start date: Jan 1, 2010, End date: Dec 31, 2014,

This project aims to develop a theoretical account of the mind that acknowledges its embodied as well as emotional character, thus cutting across traditional dichotomies such as head/body, reason/passion, intellect/instinct, and nurture/nature. This goal involves bringing together two research fields that have paid relatively little attention to each other the embodied approach in the philosophy o ...
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Organic pollution exceeds an area greater than that of France+Germany. Toxic, persistent, unresolved and unidentified, complex mixtures (UCMs) of organic chemicals are abundant all over the globe. These UCMs, which encompass a number of chemical classes, are outside present EU and world pollutant regulations. It is very important that these toxicants are identified, measured and their effects stud ...
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The goals of the SuperCleanQ project are to develop quality control and quality assurance tools and procedures for plastics recycling processes targeted at food contact applications to enable SMEs to conform to Commission Regulation EC 282/2008 on recycled plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foods. Thetools will be applied to a new process for the recycling of coloure ...
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 12

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"The purpose of this project is to develop research-based, culture- and gender-sensitive, sustainable, community-based interventions to promote sexual- and reproductive health among adolescents aged 12-14 years in southern and East Africa, with schools as the gateway for delivery. In two sites (Cape Town and Dar es Salaam), comprehensive, 'best practice', effectiveness studies will be implemented. ...
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 9

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In the Atlantic arc from Iceland to Portugal, Europe has some of the best natural wave resources in the world; with the total potential European ocean wave power estimated to be in the range 150 -240 TWh per annum. The main barrier to wave energy expansion is the lack of a large, commercial-scale demonstration of the technology. In addition, the efficiency of devices is limited and needs to be imp ...
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Coordinating for Cohesion in the Public Sector of the Future (COCOPS)

Start date: Jan 1, 2011, End date: Jun 30, 2014,

"The COCOPS project (Coordinating for Cohesion in the Public Sector of the Future) seeks to comparatively and quantitatively assess the impact of New Public Management-style (NPM) reforms in European countries, drawing on a team of leading European public administration scholars. This evidence-based project focuses on the national level and the important policy domains of health and employment ser ...
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 11

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Collaborative research on flood resilience in urban areas (CORFU)

Start date: Apr 1, 2010, End date: Jun 30, 2014,

Collaborative research on flood resilience in urban areas (CORFU) is an interdisciplinary international project that will look at advanced and novel strategies and provide adequate measures for improved flood management in cities. The differences in urban flooding problems in Asia and in Europe range from levels of economic development, infrastructure age, social systems and decision making proces ...
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"The Future of Reefs in a Changing Environment (FORCE) Project partners a multi-disciplinary team of researchers from Europe and the Caribbean to enhance the scientific basis for managing coral reefs in an era of rapid climate change and unprecedented human pressure on coastal resources. The overall aim is to provide coral reef managers with a toolbox of sustainable management practices that minim ...
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 19

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"Fungi are heterotrophic microorganisms with devastating impact on agriculture and human health. Agricultural production worth billions of € is destroyed annually by fungal diseases. Human fungal infections have severe consequences on the growing number of immuno-compromised patients, with high mortality rates associated with Aspergillus and Candida infections. There is a critical need to further ...
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 10

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Spin related phenomena in mesoscopic transport (SPINMET)

Start date: Jun 1, 2010, End date: May 31, 2014,

... in real mesoscopic structures. The final objective to understand the mechanisms governing mesoscopic spin dynamics and its interplay with many-body correlations and formulation of practical recommendations for their applications in High-Tech industry: silicon spin transistor without ferromagnetic contacts; resistance standard based on the quantum spin Hall effect etc."
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When a species invades a new habitat, or its existing environment changes, its perception of the world is likely to change because environments differ in the physical properties on which the senses depend. This has profound implications because senses determine how animals find and discriminate between mates or prey, avoid potential predators, and locate better microhabitats. For example, changed ...
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 1

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For vehicle applications, it is desirable to have devices with high energy density, high power density, long cycle and shelf life, and low cost. Supercapacitors are considered one of the newest innovations in the field of electrical energy storage. In hybrid electric vehicle, supercapacitors can be coupled with fuel cells or batteries to deliver the high power needed during acceleration as well as ...
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Novel Wave Phenomena in Magnetic Nanostructures (NoWaPhen)

Start date: May 3, 2010, End date: May 2, 2014,

The creation of artificial super-structure in magnetic materials represents an excellent opportunity to modify their spectra of excitations and hence to design novel so called meta-materials with unforeseen properties, functionalities, and applications. Photonic, plasmonic, and phononic crystals and semiconductor superlattices are typical examples of exploitation of this concept for controlling li ...
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 3

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Genomic & Epigenomic Complex Disease Epidemiology (GEoCoDE)

Start date: Mar 1, 2010, End date: Feb 28, 2014,

Genetic and epigenetic epidemiology are rapidly developing aspects of population-based health research that have clear translational potential. These endeavours both benefit considerably from extensive international collaborations. Establishing robust associations between genetic variation and common complex disease phenotypes requires very large sample sizes than can only realistically be generat ...
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 9

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PREPARED “ENABLING CHANGE” (PREPARED)

Start date: Feb 1, 2010, End date: Jan 31, 2014,

IPCC climate change scenarios have a global perspective and need to be scaled down to the local level, where decision makers have to balance risks and investment costs. Very high investments might be a waste of money and too little investment could result in unacceptable risk for the local community. PREPARED is industry driven, 12 city utilities are involved in the project and the RDT carried out ...
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"The European integrating project COMBINE brings together research groups to advance Earth system models (ESMs) for more accurate climate projections and for reduced uncertainty in the prediction of climate and climate change in the next decades. COMBINE will contribute to better assessments of changes in the physical climate system and of their impacts in the societal and economic system. The pro ...
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