Archive of European Projects

38 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

 ONGOING 
EPFL Fellows aims to attract experienced researchers of any nationality to EPFL - one of the leading European institutions of science and technology - to provide them with state-of-the art conditions for research in a top-class academic environment, to develop their leadership potential and to position them for success as future research leaders through an intensive training. EPFL Fellows is a rel ...
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The “École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne” (EPFL) is one of the two Écoles Polytechniques Fédérales in Switzerland. The School is ranked as one of Europe’s top research institutions with respect to education, research and training-through-research, and offers young researcher several mobility programmes to encourage them to exert the researcher profession, to guide them in their career develop ...
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Lax Algebras in Homotopy Theory (LAXALGHOMOTOP)

Start date: 01 Jan 2009, End date: 31 Dec 2012,

"The researcher Dr. Gavin J. Seal will investigate the theory of lax algebras in the context of homotopy theory. His work will be conducted at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, in Switzerland, in collaboration with Prof. Kathryn Hess Bellwald and her research group. Based on the most recent developments in category theory, lax algebras allow a unified approach to the main fundamental s ...
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... itory neuropathies, tinnitus or impairments in language understanding. For this long-term purpose, I will do my post-doctoral experience in the laboratory of Pr. Schneggenburger (Brain Mind Institute/Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne/Switzerland) who is a world specialist in the study of the calyx of Held, a model synapse that belongs to the brainstem auditory pathway. The overall objective ...
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... phase-change through international collaboration between top research groups in EU, USA and China. These include 12 experienced researchers from University of Edinburgh, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, University of Maryland and University of Nottingham. These partners have complementary expertise in microfabrication, experimental techniques, analytical and ...
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 ONGOING 
Finely orchestrated protein activities are at the heart of the most fundamental cellular processes. The rational and structure-based design of novel functional proteins holds the promise to revolutionize many important aspects in biology, medicine and biotechnology. Computational protein design has led the way on rational protein engineering, however many of these designed proteins were solely foc ...
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 ONGOING 
Biological organisms have spectacular three-dimensional morphologies in which correct multiscale organization and physicochemical regulation are essential for proper function. Understanding the dynamic interactions among cells connected through a structurally complex three-dimensional (3D) fibre network requires a rigorous system identification effort and engineering analysis. To develop accurate ...
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 ONGOING 
The developments of Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory are among the major achievements of the 20th century's science. During the second half of the century, these two subjects started to converge. In two dimensions, this resulted in a most remarkable chapter of mathematical physics: Conformal Field Theory (CFT) reveals deep structures allowing for extremely precise investigations, mak ...
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 ONGOING 
Over the last decade, cold atomic gases have become one of the best controlled quantum system. This novel, synthetic material can be shaped at the microscopic level to mimic a wide range of models, and simulate the universal physics that these models describe. This project pioneers a new approach to quantum simulations, jumping from cold atoms materials into the realm of devices: systems carved ou ...
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 ONGOING 
Transposable elements (TEs) account for more than two thirds of the human genome. They can inactivate genes, provide novel coding functions, sprinkle chromosomes with recombination-prone repetitive sequences, and modulate cellular gene expression through a wide variety of transcriptional and posttranscriptional influences. As a consequence, TEs are considered as essential motors of evolution yet t ...
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 ONGOING 
In reimagining the world’s energy future, while researchers are seeking alternative ways to produce energy, our current dependence on fossil fuels requires us to capture and store the CO2 to prevent reaching unacceptable CO2 levels in the atmosphere. In this scenario, recycling CO2 by converting it into useful chemicals, such as fuels for transportation, represents an important research area as it ...
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 ONGOING 
Devastating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and various cancers are still without cures, continue to undermine the quality of life for millions of people and impose significant economic burdens. Misfolded toxic proteins constitute the microscopic basis of these diseases, but little is understood about their structure and biological function. This is due the fact that current technologies ...
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 ONGOING 
A powerful strategy for increasing the quality and resolution of medical and biological images is to acquire larger quantities of data (Fourier samples for MRI, projections for X-ray imaging) and to jointly reconstruct the complete signal by correctly reallocating the measurements in 3D space/time and integrating all the information available. The underlying image sequence is reconstructed globall ...
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 ONGOING 

Charge carrier dynamics in metal oxides (DYNAMOX)

Start date: 01 Oct 2016, End date: 30 Sep 2021,

Transition metal (TM) oxides (TiO2, ZnO, NiO) are large gap insulators that have emerged as highly attractive materials over the past two decades for applications in photocatalysis, solar energy conversion, etc., all of which rely on the generation of charge carriers, their evolution and their eventual trapping at defects or a self-trapped excitons. Despite the huge interest for such materials, th ...
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 ONGOING 
The simulation of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) is an indispensable tool for innovation in science and technology.Computer-based simulation of PDEs approximates unknowns defined on a geometrical entity such as the computational domain with all of its properties. Mainly due to historical reasons, geometric design and numerical methods for PDEs have been developed independently, resulting i ...
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 ONGOING 

From Fermi to Planck : a bottom up approach (NuBSM)

Start date: 01 Oct 2016, End date: 30 Sep 2021,

The Standard Model of particle physics is a hugely successful theory that has been tested in experiments at ever increasing energies, culminating in the recent discovery of the Higgs boson. Nevertheless, some major riddles cannot be addressed by the Standard Model, such as neutrino oscillations, the existence of Dark Matter, the absence of antimatter in the Universe. New fundamental principles, in ...
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 ONGOING 

Building tomorrow’s nanofactory (NANOFACTORY)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

The aim of this project is to translate the concept of production line to the nanoworld to develop what could become tomorrow’s nanofactory. So far, nanostructures are either chemically synthesized or produced using top-down approaches such as nanolithography, but no processes exist to take a few nanostructures and perform the basic operations required to assemble them into a more complex system. ...
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 ONGOING 
Many physical and chemical processes in nature as well as an increasing number of man-made devices exploit the quantum properties of electrons, nuclei, and the quantum signatures of the coupling between nuclear and electronic motions. To optimize the design of novel devices and to correctly interpret physical processes studied, e.g., by experiments probing the molecular dynamics induced by interac ...
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 ONGOING 
Oncogenic signalling networks display a remarkable degree of plasticity. Despite only a limited number of alterations in oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in most tumours, the majority of targeted therapeutics (monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule kinase inhibitors) does not strongly improve the survival of cancer patients and suffers from the rapid development of resistance. The rising nu ...
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 ONGOING 

Mechanisms of recovery after severe spinal cord injury (HOW2WALKAGAIN)

Start date: 01 Jul 2016, End date: 30 Jun 2021,

Severe spinal cord injury leads to a range of disabilities, including permanent motor impairments that seriously diminish the patients’ quality of life. In the framework of an ERC Starting Grant, my team and I developed a pragmatic therapy that restored supraspinal control of leg movement after complete paralysis in rats. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of this intervention remain u ...
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 ONGOING 
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is the key reaction to enable the storage of solar energy in the form of hydrogen fuel through water splitting. Efficient, Earth-abundant, and robust OER catalysts are required for a large-scale and cost-effective production of solar hydrogen. While OER catalysts based on metal oxides exhibit promising activity and stability, their rational design and developmen ...
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 ONGOING 
The main objective of this research proposal is to realize new types of electronic devices based on the valley/spin degree of freedom in two-dimensional semiconductors from the transition metal dichalcogenide family. These materials are analogous to graphene but have a direct band gap. Together with the unique band structure, this allows manipulating the spin and valley degrees of freedom intercha ...
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 ONGOING 
The Milli-Tech proposal aims at a novel technology platform serving both computation and sensing: electronic switch architectures, called steep slope switches, exploiting new device physics and concepts in emerging 2D materials to achieve operation at voltages below 100 millivolts. Such switches will have a subthreshold slope below 10mV/decade, significantly more abrupt than MOSFET thermal limit o ...
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 ONGOING 
Traumatic events generate some of the most enduring forms of memories. Despite an elevated lifetime prevalence of related fear and anxiety disorders, effective treatments for traumatic memories are scarce and the mechanisms behind successful memory attenuation poorly understood. This discrepancy is particularly pronounced for remote traumata, when the original insult occurred in the distant past.H ...
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 ONGOING 
Hydrogen bonds are ubiquitous and fundamental in nature, underpinning the behavior of systems as different as water, proteins and polymers. Much of this flexibility derives from their propensity to form complex topological networks, which can be strong enough to hold Kevlar together, or sufficiently labile to enable reversible structural transitions in allosteric proteins. Simulations must treat t ...
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 ONGOING 

III-Nitrides Nanostructures for Energy-Efficiency Devices (In-Need)

Start date: 01 Feb 2016, End date: 31 Jan 2021,

Energy efficiency offers a vast and low-cost resource to address future energy demand while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. The unique properties of III-Nitride semiconductors make them the ideal material for future energy challenges. Their outstanding optical properties are revolutionizing the world with efficient LED light bulbs. Even greater impact is anticipated for power electronics. The m ...
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 ONGOING 

Innovative Nanowire DEvicE Design (INDEED)

Start date: 01 Feb 2017, End date: 31 Jan 2021,

Nanowires (NWs) exhibit unique properties that make them potential building blocks for a variety of next generation NanoElectronics devices. Recent advances have shown that NWs with predefined properties can be grown, offering a new paradigm enabling functional device prototypes including: biosensors, solar cells, transistors, quantum light sources and lasers. The critical mass of scientific knowl ...
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 ONGOING 
The development of advanced photon-based technologies offers exciting promises in fields of crucial importance for the development of sustainable societies such as energy and food management, security and health care. Innovative photonic devices will however reveal their true potential if we can deploy their functionalities not only on rigid wafers, but also over large-area, flexible and stretchab ...
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 ONGOING 
Chirality is a fundamental property of life, making chiral sensing and analysis crucial to numerous scientific subfields of biology, chemistry, and medicine, and to the pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic, and food industries, constituting a market of 10s of billion €, and growing.Despite the tremendous importance of chiral sensing, its application remains very limited, as chiroptical signals are t ...
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 ONGOING 

Laser Lightning Rod (LLR)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

Controlling lightning is a long time dream of mankind. The goal of the present project is to investigate and develop a new type of lightning protection based on the use of upward lightning discharges initiated through a high repetition rate multi terawatt laser. The feasibility of the novel technique and the project’s prospect of success are based on recent research providing new insights into the ...
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 ONGOING 
A step change in our noise mitigation strategies is required in order to meet the environmental targets set for a number of sectors of activity affecting people through noise exposure. Besides being a hindrance to our daily life and subject to regulations, noise emission is also a competitive issue in today’s global market. To address these issues, new technologies have been emerging recently, bas ...
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 ONGOING 

Synaptic dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Diseases (SYNDEGEN)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) of aging are a growing burden on societies. Although studies on the degeneration of neurons have been a main focus of research, increasing evidence points to synapses as the site where Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Huntington’s disease (HD) begin. There is growing evidence that synapses are sites of early and aberrant protein misfolding, a ...
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 ONGOING 

INtestinal Tissue ENgineering Solution (INTENS)

Start date: 01 Jan 2016, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) is a condition that occurs when part or the entire small intestine is missing or has been removed during surgery. This condition renders the bowel incapable of fulfilling its nutritional function (intestinal failure). There is no cure for SBS. Parenteral (intravenous) nutrition (PN) and bowel transplantation are currently the preferred options for nutrition in children a ...
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 ONGOING 

Hybrid Optomechanical Technologies (HOT)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

The hybrid optomechanical technologies (HOT) consortium will lay the foundation for a new generation of devices, which connect, or indeed contain, several platforms at the nanoscale in a single “hybrid” system. As hybrid interfaces they will allow to harness the unique advantages of each subsystem within a nano-scale footprint, while as integrated hybrid devices they will enable entirely novel fun ...
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 ONGOING 
A novel concept for a photo-electro-catalytic (PEC) cell able to directly convert water and CO2 into fuels and chemicals (CO2 reduction) and oxygen (water oxidation) using exclusively solar energy will be designed, built, validated, and optimized. The cell will be constructed from cheap multifunction photo-electrodes able to transform sun irradiation into an electrochemical potential difference (e ...
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 ONGOING 

Integrated Sensing Architectures and Tools for Health Care (CyberCare)

Start date: 01 Jan 2016, End date: 31 Dec 2020,

This proposal addresses high-risk, high-reward research of integrated sensing and computing architectures, as well as of models, methods and tools for their design and operation. Such architectures provide the bridge between bio-systems and information processing systems, where a bio-system is an abstraction of a human in terms of biophysical parameters. Breakthroughs in data acquisition, processi ...
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 ONGOING 

The Materials Genome in Action (MaGic)

Start date: 01 Nov 2015, End date: 31 Oct 2020,

It is now possible to make an enormous spectrum of different, novel nanoporous materials simply by changing the building blocks in the synthesis of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOF) or related materials. This unique chemical tunability allows us to tailor-make materials that are optimal for a given application. The promise of finding just the right material seems remote however: because of practical ...
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 ONGOING 

Multimodal, Functional Bio-Photonic Imaging (FBI)

Start date: 01 Oct 2016, End date: 30 Sep 2020,

FBI fosters education of ESRs on an emerging, multimodal imaging platform and its translation into clinical and biological applications. In FBI, 15 ESRs are trained at world-leading European academic institutions and companies, thus forming strong interdisciplinary relations between industry, technical sciences and clinical end-users.Optical imaging has huge potential to address unmet clinical nee ...
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