Archive of European Projects

Over 40 European Projects Found

Searched on 125080 European Projects

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... de recherche menés dans le cadre de partenariats européens. - « Jeunes Européens et sciences » S’appuyant sur l’expérience des Rencontres Jeunes organisées par le Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) au Futuroscope de Poitiers, cette manifestation a pour objectif de décrypter la nature des relations que les jeunes Européens entretiennent avec les sciences et les technologies et l ...
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... ies and scientific expertise through strategic collaboration with the following three excellent European research and innovation organisations: (1) Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; (2) Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Materiaux Luminescents, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, and (3) Intelligentsia Consultants Ltd, and wi ...
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Marine e-Data Observatory Network (MeDON)

Start date: 09 Dec 2007, End date: 30 Oct 2012,

... et vise également à échanger des bonnes pratiques de stratégie de veille environnementale dans des aires marines protégées et à améliorer les transferts de connaissances entre les centres de recherche et le secteur privé. Les partenaires souhaitent également collaborer avec des PME régionales pour renforcer les clusters régionaux et centres dexcellence en sciences et technologies marines et mariti ...
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... rtners the know-how on the ion/electron optics, electronics and industrial production requirements. OP will also provide the industrialization of a prototype and its commercialization. LAC from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), is the co-ordinateur of the project and, as the UNIPI, team is specialized in laser cooling of atoms. The LAC, is also specialist in ultra-cold plasm ...
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... ied targets both in vitro and in vivo in PTCL cell lines xenograft models. This second phase of the project would take place both among the outgoing team and the return group of Pr Gilles Salles (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Indolent-B-cell Proliferation Branch, Lyon, France).
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Poetics of Statelessness in Twentieth-Century France and Europe (POSE)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2017,

... sources in digital textual databases and the study of modern poetry and language acquisition at the Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française research laboratory, part of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Nancy, France. The workshop and subsequent publication will provide a much-needed networking opportunity for European researchers who are working on statelessness, ...
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... sortium is made up of three implementing organisations - two Higher Education Institutions, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, and the University of Siauliai, Lithuania, and a research institution, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France, as well as a specialist external evaluator, GESIS, the Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany. The UKRC participated as a co-o ...
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BIOpolymers and BIOfuels from FURan based building blocks (BIOFUR)

Start date: 01 Jan 2013, End date: 31 Dec 2016,

"The BIOFUR project consists of three partners. The SME Avantium Chemicals (AVT - NL), selected as one of the Cleantech top 100 companies in 2011 and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS - FR) and the University of Messina (UNIME - IT), both leaders in their respective fields. This multi-sectorial research work will contribute to breakthrough knowledge on the catalytic furanic co ...
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Statistical Mechanics of Learning (SMILE)

Start date: 01 Sep 2017, End date: 31 Aug 2022,

"Computers are now able to recognize people, to tell a dog from a cat, or to process speech so efficiently that they can answer complicated questions. This was still impossible only a decade ago. This progress is largely due to the development of the artificial “deep-learned neural networks”. Nowadays, “deep learning” is revolutionizing our life, prompting an economic battle between internet giant ...
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The Enigmatic Universality of Glass (UNIGLASS)

Start date: 01 Mar 2017, End date: 28 Feb 2022,

The explanation for the distinct low temperature behavior of amorphous solids (glasses) is a long-standing open question. Specific puzzles include the nature of the low energy excitations (LEEs) that are responsible for their low temperature thermal and mechanical behavior and the origin of the remarkable universality of their low temperature mechanical dissipation. The phenomenological tunneling ...
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"The purpose of this project is to use the ubiquitous nature of certain combinatorial topological objects called maps in order to unveil deep connections between several areas of mathematics. Maps, that describe the embedding of a graph into a surface, appear in probability theory, mathematical physics, enumerative geometry or graph theory, and different combinatorial viewpoints on these objects h ...
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Origin of volatile elements in the inner Solar System (VOLATILIS)

Start date: 01 Feb 2017, End date: 31 Jan 2022,

... s. Only combined analyses of noble gases and other volatiles (N, H) allow the observed volatile signatures to be resolved into constituent components (atmospheric, solar, cosmogenic, indigenous). The Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques (Nancy, France), the PI’s host institute, is the only laboratory that is equipped with static noble gas mass spectrometers for coupled N-noble anal ...
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Difficult-to-treat chronic and recurrent bacterial infections are often caused by bacteria that are sensitive to commonly used antibiotics. The reasons for this recalcitrance are frequently unknown. However, when grown in the laboratory, all bacteria, including major pathogens form persister cells that are multidrug tolerant, a phenomenon thought to be a major factor underlying recalcitrant infect ...
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Body size is an intrinsic property of living organisms that is intimately linked to the developmental program to produce fit individuals with proper proportions. Final size is the result of both genetic determinants and sophisticated mechanisms adapting size to available resources. Classical regeneration and transplantation experiments have established that different body parts grow according to a ...
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INNOVATION anticipates a breakthrough in scholarly understanding of the medieval origins of modern Western philosophy. This breakthrough will be achieved by exposing the pioneering nature of early thirteenth-century Franciscan thought and its pivotal significance for the subsequent formation of the Western philosophical identity. The work of early Franciscans has largely been neglected in scholarl ...
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Macrophage aging and rejuvenation (MacAGE)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2021,

Tissue resident macrophages are essentially present in every organ of the body and perform critical functions in immunity, tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Recent evidence shows that resident macrophages can originate from embryonic progenitors and be maintained in tissues long term by local proliferation independently of monocytes. This self-renewal ability, however, appears to decline with a ...
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Inverse Problems and Flows (IPFLOW)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2021,

In this project, we propose to study mixing and rigidity properties of a large class of flows in geometry and dynamical systems using novel microlocal and spectral methods. Such methods, recently developed for flows with hyperbolicity, are based on the construction of new functional spaces, adapted to the considered flow, on which the generating vector field is Fredholm with discrete spectrum, kno ...
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Phytoplankton is not only at the basis of the marine food chain but also an important buffer of climate changes, given that marine photosynthesis is responsible of 50% of the CO2 fixation on Earth. Despite their central roles in the Ocean, our understanding of the forces that shape the dynamics and structuration of phytoplankton communities is still limited by major methodological constraints in t ...
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Gene expression is precisely controlled in time and space during the development of Metazoan organisms. While numerous studies have established how spatial information is integrated by gene regulatory regions, called enhancers, little is known about the temporal aspects of transcription. Most of our insights into gene regulation stem from the use of fixed preparations where timing is artificially ...
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Many animals have the ability to regenerate parts of their body following injury or amputation. While there is great biological and medical interest in this process, many fundamental questions remain unanswered, because complex organ regeneration is poorly represented in classic model organisms; flies, nematodes and mammals have limited regenerative abilities, in contrast to flatworms, crustaceans ...
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The Baryon Picture of the Cosmos (ByoPiC)

Start date: 01 Jan 2017, End date: 31 Dec 2021,

The cosmological paradigm of structure formation is both extremely successful and plagued by many enigmas. Not only the nature of the main matter component, dark matter, shaping the structure skeleton in the form of a cosmic web, is mysterious; but also half of the ordinary matter (i.e. baryons) at late times of the cosmic history, remains unobserved, or hidden! ByoPiC focuses on this key and curr ...
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Synaptic variability between neuronal connections is thought to contribute to brain’s remarkable information processing capacities. In the adult brain, the density as well as subunit composition of synaptic NMDA receptors (NMDARs) varies considerably between synapses and between neurons. Despite the well documented heterogeneity of NMDARs the functional relevance of such diversity is poorly known. ...
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Integrated Arctic observation system (INTAROS)

Start date: 01 Dec 2016, End date: 30 Nov 2021,

The overall objective of INTAROS is to develop an integrated Arctic Observation System (iAOS) by extending, improving and unifying existing systems in the different regions of the Arctic. INTAROS will have a strong multidisciplinary focus, with tools for integration of data from atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and terrestrial sciences, provided by institutions in Europe, North America and Asia. Sate ...
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Physiologically relevant microfluidic neuro-engineering (CONNEXIO)

Start date: 01 Nov 2016, End date: 31 Oct 2021,

Developing minimalistic biological neural networks and observing their functional activity is crucial to decipher the information processing in the brain. This project aims to address two major challenges: to design and fabricate in vitro biological neural networks that are organized in physiological relevant ways and to provide a label-free monitoring platform capable of observing neural activity ...
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The Urban Revolution and the Political (urban-rev politics)

Start date: 01 Nov 2016, End date: 31 Oct 2021,

This project is a transnational and comparative study of the political implications of the contemporary ‘urban revolution,’ namely the sweeping socio-cultural, economic, and territorial transformations through which the urban becomes the predominant mode of existence of societies across the world. Across the social sciences and as well as journalistic literatures, there has been a remarkable proli ...
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A sub-percent distance scale from binaries and Cepheids (CepBin)

Start date: 01 Nov 2016, End date: 31 Oct 2021,

We propose to carry out a project which will produce a decisive step towards improving the accuracy of the Hubble constant as determined from the Cepheid-SN Ia method to 1%, by using 28 extremely rare eclipsing binary systems in the LMC which offer the potential to determine their distances to 1%. To achieve this accuracy we will reduce the main error in the binary method by interferometric angula ...
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Implants are often employed in orthopaedic and dental surgeries. However, risks of failure, which are difficult to anticipate, are still experienced and may have dramatic consequences. Failures are due to degraded bone remodeling at the bone-implant interface, a multiscale phenomenon of an interdisciplinary nature which remains poorly understood. The objective of BoneImplant is to provide a better ...
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This project aims at simulating the processes that took place in the early Solar System to determine how these processes shaped the chemical and isotope compositions of solids that accreted to ultimately form terrestrial planets. Planetary materials exhibit mass dependent and mass independent isotope signatures and their origin and relationships are not fully understood. This proposal will be base ...
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Femtosecond lasers can now provide intensities such that the light field induces relativistic motion of large ensembles of electrons. The ultimate goal of this Ultra-High Intensity (UHI) Physics is the control of relativistic motion of matter with light, which requires a deep understanding of this extreme regime of laser-matter interaction. Such a control holds the promise of major scientific and ...
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We propose a simple idea: to reproduce earthquakes in the laboratory. Because earthquakes are spectacular examples of uncontrollable catastrophes, the opportunity to study them under controlled conditions in the laboratory is unique and is, in fact, the only way to understand the details of the earthquake source physics.The aim of the project is interdisciplinary, at the frontiers between Rock Fra ...
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The present project focuses on a barely scratched aspect of invasive cognitive brain-computer interfaces (cBCIs), i.e. closed-loop invasive cBCIs to augment and restore attentional functions. Its aim is to achieve an efficient enhanced cognition protocol both in the healthy brain and in the damaged brain and to study the local and global plasticity mechanisms underlying these effects. The project ...
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The goal of this project is to develop an innovative biosensor for the non-invasive, painless and real-time detection of volatile biomarkers in the exhaled breath of patients. Volatile biomarkers have been identified for several diseases including cancers, diabetes, cystic fibrosis and neurodegeneration. A miniaturized system for fast and simple breath-analysis would not only improve the early det ...
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The Tibetan Army of the Dalai Lamas (1642-1959) (TibArmy)

Start date: 01 Oct 2016, End date: 30 Sep 2021,

TibArmy proposes to undertake a study of a previously unresearched subject: the Tibetan army during the period of the Buddhist government of the Dalai Lamas, known as the Ganden Phodrang, from 1642 to 1959. This government was the heir to a robust military culture with long experience in the defence of Buddhism since the Tibetan Imperial Period (7th-9th centuries); however, from its inception it d ...
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Particle dynamics in the flow of complex suspensions (PaDyFlow)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

Particle laden flows are ubiquitous in nature and industrial applications. Particle trajectories determine transport in porous media or biomedical conducts and effective suspension properties dictate flow behavior in food processing or biofluid flow. For a better control it is necessary to know how to predict these processes from the involved particle and flow properties. However, current theory ...
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Thousands of exoplanets have now been found. In the next decade, the grand challenge is to characterize their atmospheres. This is the only way to unravel the origin of the wild, unexpected diversity we have uncovered. For this task, there are several planned missions—JWST being our next best opportunity. However, to be ready for the analysis and interpretation of such high-precision observations, ...
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New paradigms for latent factor estimation (FACTORY)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

Data is often available in matrix form, in which columns are samples, and processing of such data often entails finding an approximate factorisation of the matrix in two factors. The first factor yields recurring patterns characteristic of the data. The second factor describes in which proportions each data sample is made of these patterns. Latent factor estimation (LFE) is the problem of finding ...
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Despite its widespread occurrence across the tree of life, many questions still remain unanswered concerning the fascinating phenomenon of convergent evolution. Ant-eating mammals constitute a textbook example of morphological convergence with at least five independent origins in placentals (armadillos, anteaters, aardvarks, pangolins, and aardwolves). The large extent of convergent morphological ...
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Technology achievements were typically built upon fundamental theoretical findings, but nowadays technology seems to be evolving faster than our ability to develop new concepts and theories. Intelligent traffic systems benefit from many technical innovations, for example. Mobile phones, radars, cameras and magnetometers can be used to measure traffic evolution and provide large sets of valuable da ...
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Extreme Ultraviolet Circular Time-Resolved Spectroscopy (EXCITERS)

Start date: 01 Sep 2016, End date: 31 Aug 2021,

Chiral molecules exist as two forms, so-called enantiomers, which have essentially the same physical and chemical properties and can only be distinguished via their interaction with a chiral system, such as circularly polarized light. Many biological processes are chiral-sensitive and unraveling the dynamical aspects of chirality is of prime importance for chemistry, biology and pharmacology. Stud ...
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Rome, centre of the Catholic Church and capital of the Papal States, strewn with churches and religious institutions, was also, in the 17th and 18th centuries, the scene of intense conflicts and rivalries between some twenty leading aristocratic families, highly adept at organising musical, theatrical and choreographic performances to display their political sympathies. The artistic life that anim ...
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