Adoption of CPS technology in the citizen environment finds a number of barriers that we will try to overcome with the proposed experiments. On one hand, the goal is improving existing business models using this technology, thus proving how its adoption can improve existing business opportunities (Challenge 1). On the other hand, the goal is developing new business opportunities by adopting solutions that have been proved either in lab conditions or in functional domains other than the citizens' (Challenge 2). In both cases, a clear improvement of TRL is expected; and business plans for the commercial use of the results must be provided.
Challenge 1: It is oriented to the improvement of already existing business opportunities by the enhancement/completion of business opportunities using CPS systems.
CPSs have proved to have a high potential to improve business processes that require automation, heterogeneous systems integration and huge volumes of information management. However, their implementation in real conditions within smart cities is still limited. Restrictions include poorly adapted infrastructure, limitation in deployed sensors, use and maintenance complexity, lack of use cases with a high business impact, etc. A detection of weak points in different business models using CPS technology requires:
We can find multitude of application cases, from which we can mention:
Challenge 2: The goal is bringing the technological progress achieved in laboratory or in different functional domains to the citizen environment.
There are plenty technological progresses in the CPS field that the citizen cannot profit from yet. This may be because the results are not mature enough and have not left the laboratory, or because they have been successfully proved in other application domains, but not in the smart cities or civil use
We can find the following application cases, among others:
Design Centre Support
The Design Centre will provide the following support to the experimenter:
Access to the infrastructures of the Spanish CPS Lab, with two well-supplied test beds in UPM’s facilities in Madrid area with specialized hardware and software. More information on the Spanish CPS Lab here: http://www.cpse-labs.eu/spain.php
Technical support, assistance and coaching to develop the experiment using IoT middleware SOFIA2, that provides seamless operability between devices and systems through a semantic interoperability platform to exchange information from the real world between smart applications (IoT) to build composed services with an open-source, multi-language, communication-agnostic approach. More information on SOFIA2 here: http://sofia2.com/home_en.html
Access to the data generated by the sensor networks deployed in the IoT Smart Campus Montegancedo (to measure temperature, humidity, luminance, background noise and presence detection, for instance). Sensor network with mesh topology that communicate through a Std. IEEE802.15.4 Physical Layer under a 6LowPAN over IPv6 to implement Link and Network Layers. Technical support to communicate with the sensor networks of the IoT Smart Campus Montegancedo.
Access to the sensor network data (including temperature, humidity, etc.) and use records of the Campus Sur Library Building (BUCS, http://www.upm.es/institucional/UPM/Bibliotecauniversitaria/bucs). BUCS has 3 stories, and one basement built on 10,345 m2, and that services more than 4000 students. BUCS building uses IQ204 and IQ251 to support the building management (e.g. temperature, humidity, or luminance). Technical support will be provided by CITSEM (https://www.citsem.upm.es/index.php/en/).
The experiment will provide a CPS development (software and/or hardware) that can be deployed in real- life conditions. The IPR management of the results must be defined with an exploitation plan. The experiment will also show the capabilities of the technologies provided by the Design Centre.
The experiment must prove a clear contribution to the citizen environment that previously was not existent. The results must promote industrial development after the end of the experiment, with special focus on SMEs. The final products and exploitation policies must be clearly detailed, along with any barrier to access the developed technology. The business model that the experiment focuses at must be identified, defining the current value chain when applicable and how the adoption of CPS technology can improve it. An exploitation plan for the project results must be included, quantifying as far as possible the expected impact both in the experimenter’s own business and it third parties’ businesses.